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        Friday, August 22, 2014

29 livestock and forage-related projects: $7,051,547

ADF Project Funding Breakdown by Area

Operating grants (Prairie Swine Centre and VIDO)............. $3,150,000

Cattle............................................................................................$1,661,251

Swine............................................................................................$756,492

Forage...........................................................................................$692,036

Poultry...........................................................................................$425,333

Sheep.............................................................................................$64,120

Other..............................................................................................$302,315


ADF Project Funding Breakdown by Organization

Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization.........................$2,320,440

University of Saskatchewan........................................................ $ 2,084,304

Prairie Swine Centre.................................................................... $1,782,536

Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute and
Western Beef Development Centre.......................................... $669,267

Saskatchewan Research Council............................................. $195,000


Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization (VIDO)                    $2,320,440

Five-year core funding to VIDO

The funding will be used to support a number of activities that provide important support to the livestock industry, including:

  • vaccine development for livestock diseases;
  • beef and swine technical groups that provide technical support and advice to VIDO and producers;
  • beef and swine business development activities in support of the livestock industry; and
  • communication activities including publications, participation at industry meetings, content for Beef Info Net and Swine Disease Net, vaccination guidelines, etc.

Funding: $1,500,000
Contact:   Andrew Potter, (306) 966-7484


Combined DNA and Protein Display: A One-shot Bacteriophage-based Vaccine Delivery Platform for Bovine Respiratory Disease

The ultimate objective of this project is to develop a vaccination strategy that results in long-term immune memory and protection from BRD with a single vaccination and non-invasive delivery.  This research is currently focused on BVDV, being one of the most serious pathogens in cattle.  It is important to develop BVDV vaccines that induce long-term duration of immunity and yet are non-replicating and safe.

Funding:     $184,880
Contact:      Sylvia Van Den Hurk, VIDO, (306) 966-1559


Novel Vaccine for Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome

The long term goal of the project is to develop a safe and effective vaccine against PRRSV infection of pigs.

The project has the following research objectives:

  1. Construct PRRSV GP5 and M encoding genes with enhanced immunogenicity;
  2. Characterize the expression of GP5 and M in cell culture; and
  3. Test the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of the new vaccine in pigs.

Funding:     $100,000
Contact:      Alexander Zakhartchouk, VIDO, (306) 966-7465


Improving Swine Influenza Vaccines with New Generation Adjuvants  

The long-term goal of the research is to develop novel adjuvants and formulations to improve the efficacy of vaccines against infectious diseases.  The objective of the proposed research is to develop polyphosphazenes as an adjuvant formulation to improve the efficacy and reduce the doses of swine influenza virus (SIV) vaccines.

Funding:     $197,425
Contact:      George Mutwiri, VIDO, (306) 966-1511


Pathogenesis and Control of Mycobacterium Avium Subspecies Paratuberculosis

The pathogenic effectors and mechanisms utilized by MAP could form the basis of a protective vaccine.  This project will apply an understanding of the MAP-cattle host-pathogen interaction, in the context of vaccine targets and strategies of formulation and delivery, to develop a vaccine that protects cattle against colonization by MAP.

Funding:     $212,000
Contact:      Scott Napper, VIDO, (306) 966-1546


Identification of Mycoplasma Bovis Factors Contributing to Virulence  

The specific objectives of this project are:

  1. To identify host-signaling pathways regulated by M. bovis; 
  2. To identify products secreted by M. bovis that impede the normal immune response of the host  and
  3. To identify M. bovis products that play a role in virulence of the micro-organism with emphasis on surface proteins required by the bacterium to attach to host-cell surfaces.

Funding:     $126,135
Contact:      Jose Perez-Casal, (306) 966-8870

University of Saskatchewan                                         $2,084,304

New "C1-Lc Alfalfa" and "ULI/ALFMYC-Alfalfa" for Improving Efficiency of Protein Utilization in Ruminant Livestock 

Nutritional evaluation of "C1-Lc-Alfalfa" and "ULI/ALFMYC-Alfalfa" in ruminant livestock systems; 

Long-term objectives:

  1. To increase basic knowledge of the nutritional relevance of anthocyanidin- and proanthocyanidin-containing alfalfa, to understand the relationship between the levels of anthocyanidin and proanthocyanidin (PA) and nutrient availability  and to apply this information to the production of high quality feeding programs and to aid alfalfa breeding programs.
  2. To develop elite genotypes and a variety of alfalfa (i.e. 'TANNIN ALFALFA') for the Saskatchewan forage, livestock and feed industries.

Funding:     $113,500
Contact:      Peiqiang Yu, Animal and Poultry Science,
                  College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-4132


Pea Protein-Based Capsules for Delivery of Bioactive Ingredients in Animal Feed

Objective:  To determine the efficacy of pea protein capsules for delivery and protection of various bioactive payloads including probiotic bacteria, bioactive proteins and small molecules.

Funding:     $190,007
Contact:      Andrew Van Kessel, Animal and Poultry Science, 
                  College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                 (306) 966-4136


Effect of Maturity at Cutting for Forages Used in Swath Grazing or Greenfeed Systems: optimizing the yield of digestible nutrient

The objectives of this project are to determine:

  1. The maturity at cutting that optimizes the yield of digestible nutrients from forages used in swath grazing or greenfeed systems [study 1],
  2. The effect of barley and oat crop maturity at cutting on voluntary intake, rumen fermentation, and total tract digestibility [study 2a,b], and
  3. The effect of maturity at cutting on the voluntary intake and performance of backgrounding calves swath grazing barley or oats [study 3].

Funding:     $209,462
Contact:      Gregory Penner, Animal and Poultry Science,
                  College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-4219


Evaluation of Canola Meal as a Protein and Energy Source for Cattle

The objectives of this research will be to:

  1. Evaluate the energy value of canola meal relative to barley grain and to evaluate the optimal feeding level of this meal in backgrounding/finishing diets (UofS);
  2. Compare feedlot performance of cattle fed canola meal derived from two species of canola meal (Black Napus v. Canola Juncea) and determine relative energy values (UofS/AAFC Lethbridge);
  3. Evaluate the energy value of canola meal v. canola presscake (cold pressed) for finishing cattle (AAFC Lethbridge);
  4. Evaluate the value of canola meal as an energy / protein supplement for grazing cattle (WBDC/UofS); and
  5. Determine rumen fermentation (pH, VFA, NH3), and total track digestibility characteristics.

Funding:     $220,800
Contact:      John McKinnon, Animal and Poultry Science,
                  College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-4137


Smoke-Enhanced Seed Germination, Seedling Growth, and Plant Yield

The objective of this research is to determine the efficacy of aqueous extracts of smoke, derived from wheat straw, in enhancing germination, seedling emergence, seedling establishment, and yield of several plant species that are difficult to establish from seed.

Funding:     $70,632
Contact:      J. T. (Jim) Romo, Plant Science,
                  College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-4966


Control of "Variant" Infectious Bursal Disease in the Broiler Industry in Saskatchewan

The objectives of this study are to control "variant" IBD in broilers in Saskatchewan.

  1. To identify an effective vaccination program in broilers and broiler breeders against "variant" IBD; and
  2. To conduct a field study in Saskatchewan to identify efficacy of new vaccination programs of broiler breeders and broilers against "variant" IBD.

Funding:     $150,000
Contact:      Susantha Gomis,
                  Veterinary Pathology, WCVM,
                  (306) 966-7299


Cool Season Corn Grown in Saskatchewan in Sustainable Livestock Production

Long-term objectives:

  1. To develop new strategies to more efficiently utilize cool season corn in sustainable livestock production for improving animal production and health.
    To increase basic knowledge of the nutritional relevance of cool season corn intrinsic structure and to apply this information to the production of high quality feeding programs and to aid cool season corn breeding programs.

Funding:     $91,500
Contact:      Peiqiang Yu, Animal and Poultry Science,
                  College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-4132


Assessment of Urease and Nitrification Inhibitors
for Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Yield in Forage Seed Production

The specific objective of this study is to examine the potential agronomic, economic and environmental benefits of using urease and nitrification inhibitors, and combinations of both, in forage biomass and forage seed production in the Parkland region of Saskatchewan.

Funding:     $188,942
Contact:      Frances Walley,
                  Soil Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources,
                  (306) 966-6854


Effect of Hybrid Brome Grass Neutral Detergent Fibre Digestibility
on Feed Intake and Performance of Growing Lambs

The objectives of this study are to determine the extent of differences in NDF digestibility for AC Knowles hybrid brome grass, to establish lines of AC Knowles that differ in their NDF digestibility, and to determine if a difference in the NDF digestibility of hybrid brome grass affects the intake and growth performance of ruminants. 

Funding:     $64,120
Contact:      Gregory Penner,
                  Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources,
                  (306) 966-4219


Use of Carbohydrates Associated with Porcine Lactadherin as Antibiotic-free Food Additives Against Porcine Post-weaning Colibacil

Objectives:

  1. To characterize porcine lactadherin and its glycan modifications by mass spectrometry;
  2. To identify by enzymatic hydrolysis the functional subunits of the carbohydrate moiety of lactadherin that inhibits E. coli attachment to intestinal villi;
  3. To determine if commercially available carbohydrates could be used as receptor analogues for the F4ac-fimbria and thus as inhibitors of E. coli attachment to intestinal villi; and
  4. To use the most efficient carbohydrate F4-receptor analogues (identified above) for experimental protection against E. coli infection in vivo (clinical trials).

Funding:     $136,524
Contact:      Elemir Simko,
                  Veterinary Pathology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine
                  (306) 966-7307


Determinate Accurate Soluble Fraction in Saskatchewan Feeds for CPM Dairy Formulation to Improve Efficiency / Milk Prediction Ac

The objective is to develop new strategies to more efficiently utilize Saskatchewan feeds in sustainable dairy production for improving animal production and health.

Funding:     $74,000
Contact:      Peiqiang Yu,
                 Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-4132


Development of a Cytometric Based Measurement of the Na/K-ATPase and Gene Expression to Rapidly Quantify a Sperm Measure Correlated with Fertility in Bulls

Objective: To identify genetic markers of fertility to allow prescreening of bulls for fertility merits, in addition to qualitative production traits, before selection into a breeding program. The project aims at developing measurements of sperm quality, with immediate applicability to livestock breeding, and permitting the selection of bulls being considered as herd sires, with potential for adequate fertility.  The outcomes will provide additional sire selection factors; therefore, enhanced pregnancy rates and overall more efficient meat and milk production.

Funding:     $168,669
Contact:      M. Buhr, M. Petite, C. Jako and M. Anzar,
                 College of Agriculture and Bio-resources,
Phone:        Mary Buhr, (306) 966-4050


Optimizing Processing of Peas for Use in Dog Foods

To examine the effects of extrusion processing on peas and measure its impact on energy and protein retention in dog feeding trials.

Funding:     $107,315
Contact:      Murray Drew,
                  Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-2367


Adding Nutritive Value to Vegetable Protein Meals and Legume Seeds with Feed Processing, Enzymes and Non-essential Amino Acids

To evaluate processing conditions and their interactions with feed additives on the capacity to improve the nutritional, functional, and sensory quality of canola meal, canola protein isolate, and legume seeds as a fish meal substitute in poultry and fish diets.

Funding:     $63,333
Contact:      Tom Scott,
                  Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources
                  (306) 966-4279


To Determine if the Family of Bbta-Defensins (DEFB) Genes Polymorphism is Associated with Immune Defences Which Provide First Barrier to Infection and Disease Resistance

Objective: This project will develop genetic markers for selection of disease resistant animals.  It is thought that the family of beta-defensins genes is associated with immune defenses, which provide first barrier to infection and disease resistance.  If the enhanced natural immunity is due to a specific DEFB allele, this would enable genetic selection to optimize production and the feedlot sector would benefit from decreased antibiotic usage, reduced treatment costs, enhanced growth and performance, and meat quality.

Funding:     up to $235,500 for three years

Contact:      S. Schmutz,
                  Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Bioresources,
                  (306) 966-4153,
                  and
                  P. Griebel,
                  VIDO, (306) 966-1542

Prairie Swine Centre Inc. (PSC)                                                 $1,782,536

Five-year core funding to PSC

The funding will be used to support communication and technology transfer activities, scientific expertise and activities that would enhance the competitiveness of the Saskatchewan swine industry. It assists PSC in support of their key activities or deliverables, including:

  • to increase the net income of pork producers through the development of feeding programs that emphasize economic efficiency and final product quality;
  • to maximize the economic value gained from feeding locally available ingredients and ingredient fractions by characterizing and modifying their nutritional and functional characteristics;
  • to increase net income by developing housing systems that optimize pig performance considering both construction and operating costs;
  • to ensure that animal care and welfare interests of pigs, producers and the marketplace are met in a productive and profitable manner through the development of acceptable housing and management systems and practices;
  • to improve indoor air quality through the development of economical and practical techniques ensuring the health and safety of barn workers and animals; and
  • to reduce odour and gas emissions or improve nutrient and water management by developing in barn operating systems and management procedures that ensure the long term environmental sustainability and acceptability of pork production.

Funding:     $1,650,000
Contact:      Lee Whittington, (306)667-7447


Benchmarking and Standardization of Swine Production Systems

The overall goal of this proposed project is to benchmark the existing operational systems in a modern swine production operation in order to develop recommendations for optimization and standardization of these systems.

Funding:     $98,950
Contact:      Bernardo Predicala,
                  (306) 667-7444


Can Spray-dried Animal Plasma Help Mitigate the Effects of Deoxynivalenol (DON)
in Late Nursery Pigs?

Objectives:

  1. To determine if adding: a) spray-dried animal plasma; b) a feed additive commonly thought to help manage mycotoxin contaminated feed; or c) a combination of the two, will improve ADFI and ADG in late nursery swine when included in DON contaminated feed. 
  2. To examine the effects of DON contaminated feed on gut morphology (lesions, villous height).

Funding:     $33,586
Contact:      Leann Johnston,
                  (306) 667-7445

Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) and the Western Beef Development Centre (WBDC)             $669,267


Identify, Determine and Quantify Factors Affecting Feed Efficiency in Beef Cattle Under Western Canadian Conditions

Objective:  The project will determine and quantify factors influencing Residual Feed Intake (RFI) for beef cattle under Western Canadian conditions, such that it can be used as an effective tool for selection of breeding stock.  The tool will provide the producers with the ability to select cows that are efficient feeders.  Since RFI is a moderately inheritable trait, the benefits of improved feed efficiency can be transferred from parent to offspring and improvements can be realized faster.

This project is approved for funding up to $189,000 for three years.

Contact:      B. Lardner, P. Jefferson, G. Penner and C. Jako, 
                  Western Beef Development Centre, Lanigan,
                  (306) 682-3139
Funding:     $189,000


Zero-till Opener Evaluation for Pasture Rejuvenation

The overall goal is to provide producers with sod-seeding information that improves their probability of success and increase their operation's profitability.  We will:

  1. Compare alfalfa seedling establishment success when sod-seeded with five commonly available zero-till seed openers;
  2. Compare the draft requirements of five commonly available zero-till seed openers;
  3. Compare the degree of sod disturbance and surface roughness (sod strips on the surface) following five commonly available zero-till openers; and
  4. Determine the effect of herbicide application for prior forage stand termination to no vegetation control on alfalfa seedling establishment and draft requirements.

Funding:     $18,000
Contact:      Paul Jefferson,
                  WBDC, Lanigan, (306) 682-3139, ext.272


Impacts of the Uniformity of Solid Manure Land Application

The specific objectives are:

  1. To measure the crop yield for solid manure applications with high, moderate, and low uniformity; 

    and
     
  2. To measure the environmental impacts (soil nutrient load distribution, runoff) for solid manure applications with high, moderate, and low uniformity.

Funding:     $192,600
Contact:      Hubert Landry,
                  PAMI, Humboldt, Sask.,
                  306-682-5033 ext.266


Optimization of Solid State Digestion Operating Parameters

Objective:  To investigate the effects of material pretreatment and the leachate recycling regime on the biogas production and digestate quality from solid state digestion.

Funding:     $269,667

Contact:      Joy Agnew,
                  PAMI, Humboldt, Sask.,
                  306-682-5033 ext. 280; or 1-800-567-PAMI (7264).

 

Saskatchewan Research Council (SRC)                                 $195,000


Upgrading of End Products from Pyrolysis of Agriculture and Livestock Residue

Objective:  To assess value-added end products of pyrolysis (using novel mobile technology) of agricultural and livestock residues.

Funding:     $195,000
Contact:      Erin Powell,
                  SRC, Saskatoon,
                  (306) 933-8139



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