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      Tuesday, October 17, 2017

One year ago
Seeding had just begun in the southwestern and west-central regions of the province. A snowstorm brought significant precipitation to most areas, delaying field work.

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Despite a cool and wet start to spring, seeding has begun in some parts of the province according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report. The southwestern region is reporting that two per cent of the crop is now in the ground, while some producers in the southeastern and west-central regions are just beginning to seed. The majority of producers will begin seeding in the next week or so. 

Precipitation this week ranged from trace amounts to 39 mm in the southeast. Many areas of the province have received more than 100 mm of precipitation since April 1, which has delayed seeding. Provincially, cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 30 per cent surplus, 67 per cent adequate and three per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is 18 per cent surplus, 79 per cent adequate and three per cent short.

Farmers are busy moving cattle, preparing machinery and starting to seed. 


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 1 - Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas; Crop District 2 - Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas; Crop District 3ASE - Radville and Lake Alma areas)

Some producers in the southeastern region have begun to seed and work fields, although the majority will be waiting at least a week for conditions to improve. There are reports that water is still running through fields in some areas and roads remain soft.

Much of the region received precipitation this past week, with some areas reporting over an inch. The Carnduff area received the greatest amount of precipitation this week (39 mm), while the Moose Jaw area has reported the greatest amount of precipitation since April 1 (109 mm).

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 59 per cent surplus, 40 per cent adequate and one per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 34 per cent surplus, 64 per cent adequate and two per cent short. CDs 1A and 2A are reporting that 80 per cent and 70 per cent of the cropland, respectively, have surplus topsoil moisture.

Cattle are being moved to pasture, although the majority will be moved in the coming weeks. Pastures are slow to grow, as are weeds, and most producers have not yet applied any pre-seed herbicides. Fertilizer shortages are being reported in some areas of the region. There are reports of winterkill damage to some winter wheat and fall rye crops, although it is too early in many areas to fully determine the extent. Farmers are busy preparing equipment, moving cattle, cleaning seed and working fields.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 3ASW - Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN - Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas; Crop District 3B - Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas; Crop District 4 - Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas)

Seeding has begun and two per cent of the 2014 crop is now in the ground in the southwestern region. Five per cent of the mustard, four per cent of the field peas, two per cent of the durum and one per cent of the lentil crop has been seeded. Many producers are indicating that general seeding will begin within the coming week if warm weather arrives and fields dry up.

Precipitation this week ranged from trace amounts to 25 mm in the Kincaid area. The Limerick area has received the greatest amount of precipitation since April 1 (102 mm). Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 15 per cent surplus, 83 per cent adequate and two per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as five per cent surplus, 91 per cent adequate and four per cent short.

There have been reports of fertilizer, seed treatment and inoculant shortages in some areas of the region. Some winter wheat and fall rye crops have been winterkilled, although it is too early in some areas to determine the extent of the damage. Pre-seed herbicides are being applied; however, many producers are reporting that some fields may receive post-seed applications instead as weed growth has been limited. Farmers are busy finishing calving, spraying weeds, hauling grain and starting to seed.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop District 5 - Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A - Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas)

Cold temperatures and wet weather is further delaying seeding for most of the east-central region. Large amounts of water are lying in many fields and there has been some localized flooding of secondary roads, limiting access to some areas. Crop reporters are indicating that general seeding may not begin for at least another week or more if warm weather is not received soon.

The region reported varying amounts of precipitation this week, ranging from trace amounts to 16 mm in the Foam Lake area. Foam Lake has received the greatest amount of precipitation since April 1 in both the region and the province (110 mm).

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are reported as 38 per cent surplus and 62 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 34 per cent surplus and 66 per cent adequate. CD 5B is reporting that 46 per cent of cropland and 45 per cent of hay and pasture land have surplus topsoil moisture.

Due to the excess moisture in some areas of the region, seeding intentions may change if those fields do not dry up soon. Shortages of fertilizer have been reported in much of the region. Pastures are slow to grow and some cattle will not be moved for a couple of weeks. Some winter wheat and fall rye crops have been winterkilled and will likely be reseeded to other crops if necessary. Farmers are busy working on equipment, putting down anhydrous ammonia fertilizer and waiting to seed.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B - Hanley, Outlook, Loreburn, Saskatoon and Arelee areas; Crop District 7A - Rosetown, Kindersley, Eston, Major; CD 7B - Kerrobert, Macklin, Wilkie and Biggar areas)

Seeding has begun for some producers but the majority will likely begin in the coming week as long as the weather co-operates. Some drier fields are being worked or spread with fertilizer while other fields remain too wet to support equipment. Warm and dry weather is needed for weeds and pastures to grow.

Precipitation ranged from trace amounts in much of the region to 18 mm in the Netherhill area. The Rosthern area has recorded the greatest amount of precipitation in the region since April 1 (97 mm). Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as seven per cent surplus, 85 per cent adequate and eight per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as five per cent surplus, 87 per cent adequate, seven per cent short and one per cent very short. CD 7A is reporting that 14 per cent of the cropland is short of topsoil moisture, while CD 7B is reporting that 17 per cent of the hay land and pasture is short of topsoil moisture.

Below-normal temperatures have slowed pasture growth, and some cattle are being supplemented until they move. Pre-seed herbicide applications in some areas will likely be held off for a few days to a week until weeds begin to grow. There are reports of some winter wheat and fall rye crops being winterkilled, although it is still early to fully determine whether those fields will need to be reseeded. Farmers are busy preparing equipment, working fields and starting to seed.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 8 - Hudson Bay, Tisdale, Melfort, Carrot River, Humboldt, Kinistino, Cudworth and Aberdeen areas; Crop District 9AE - Prince Albert, Choiceland and Paddockwood areas)

Most producers are reporting that seeding is likely at least another week or two away. Cool and wet weather has delayed field work, and warm weather will be needed soon to dry up fields. Some roads are soft and will not be able to support equipment for a while.

Much of the region received precipitation this past week with the Birch Hills area reporting 17 mm. Since April 1, the Humboldt area has received the greatest amount of precipitation in the region (92 mm). Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 52 per cent surplus and 48 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 49 per cent surplus, 50 per cent adequate and one per cent short. CDs 8A and 8B are reporting that 54 and 47 per cent of the cropland, respectively, have surplus cropland topsoil moisture.

There are reports of potential fertilizer and chemical shortages in some areas. Cool temperatures and wet weather have slowed pasture growth, and some cattle are being supplemented in the meantime. Farmers are busy cleaning seed, preparing equipment and getting ready to seed.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 9AW - Shellbrook, North Battleford, Big River and Hafford areas; Crop District 9B - Meadow Lake, Turtleford, Pierceland, Maidstone and Lloydminster areas)

Cool and wet weather is delaying seeding in much of the area and producers will likely not begin for another week or more. Pasture and weed growth has been slow and pre-seed herbicide applications will be delayed.

The region received varying amounts of precipitation this week, with many producers reporting snow still on the ground. The Pierceland area received 12.5 mm of precipitation this week. The Duck Lake area has received the greatest amount of precipitation in the region since April 1 (109 mm). Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 10 per cent surplus and 90 per cent adequate, while hay land and pasture are rated as 100 per cent adequate.

There are reports of fertilizer shortages in much of the area. Cattle are being moved to dry pastures that have had some growth. Farmers are busy moving cattle, cleaning seed and working on equipment.


Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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