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      Tuesday, October 17, 2017

One year ago
Cold temperatures with significant moisture events delayed spring seeding. Seeding had just started in some areas in the southwest.

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In history
The provincial 20 year (1995 - 2014) average seeding progress for the last week in April is just under two per cent seeded.  Six per cent was seeded within the first week in May.

Saskatchewan farmers are in the field, seeding, harrowing and controlling weeds. Two per cent of the 2015 crop is in the ground. The five-year (2010-2014) average for this time of year is less than one per cent.

Producers in the southwest have been seeding for a couple of weeks already, and have seven per cent of the crop in. Some areas in the southwest are reporting 20 per cent seeded. Significant rain and snow over the weekend, particularly in areas of the central and northern regions, have delayed seeding and field work. Most producers are hoping to be in the field again at the start of next week.

The southeastern region has four per cent seeded. All other regions have very little, if any, crop in the ground to date.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 20 per cent surplus, 76 per cent adequate and four per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 11 per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate and nine per cent short.

Pasture conditions are rated as 12 per cent excellent, 53 per cent good, 26 per cent fair and nine per cent poor. Some pastures have excess moisture or are slow to green up.

Areas in the eastern regions are reporting excess moisture. Precipitation during the past week varied across the province, with some central regions reporting 75 mm. Areas in the north reported receiving up to 20 cm of snow. Weather has generally been good for spring calving.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 1 - Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas; Crop District 2 - Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas; Crop District 3ASE - Radville and Lake Alma areas)

Some producers in the southeastern region have begun to seed and to work fields, although the majority will be waiting at least a week for field conditions to improve. The region has four per cent seeded to date. Seeding is most advanced in the 2B and 3ASE regions. Warm temperatures forecasted for the week should see most producers in the field by early next week.

Most of the region recorded very little rainfall over the past week, although the western edge of the region recorded higher amounts. The Moose Jaw area reported between 10 and 20 mm. This area has recorded the greatest amount of precipitation since April 1 (49 mm).

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 27 per cent surplus, 69 per cent adequate and four per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 17 per cent surplus, 72 per cent adequate and 11 per cent short. CD 1B is reporting that 61 per cent and 53 per cent of the cropland and hay land and pasture, respectively, have surplus topsoil moisture.

Pasture conditions are rated as 15 per cent excellent, 42 per cent good, 36 per cent fair and seven per cent poor. Pastures are slow to green up due to cool temperatures, and some have excess moisture issues. Cattle are being moved to pasture, although the majority will be moved in the coming weeks. Roads are in poor shape. Farmers are busy preparing equipment, finishing up calving, moving cattle, cleaning seed and working fields.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 3ASW - Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN - Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas; Crop District 3B - Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas; Crop District 4 - Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas)

Most producers in the region have been seeding for the past week, and now have seven per cent of the crop in the ground. Some producers in Crop District 3AN have yet to begin, however, as the weekend brought up to 60 mm of rain. CDs 3ASW and 3AN are reporting three per cent seeded, 3BS four per cent, 3BN eight per cent, 4A 11 per cent and 4B 12 per cent.

Precipitation this week ranged from nil to 60 mm in the Eyebrow area, which has received the greatest amount of precipitation to date (73 mm). Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 10 per cent surplus, 84 per cent adequate and six per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as four per cent surplus, 81 per cent adequate, 14 per cent short and one per cent very short.

Pasture conditions are rated as nine per cent excellent, 65 per cent good, 23 per cent fair and three per cent poor. Although moisture conditions are good for the most part, pastures are slow to green up due to cool weather.

There have been reports of seed treatment and inoculant shortages in some areas of the region. Farmers are busy with seeding and weed control operations.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop District 5 - Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A - Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas)

Cold temperatures and wet weather are delaying seeding in most of the east-central region. A large amount of water is lying in many fields, and there has been some localized flooding of secondary roads, which limits access to some areas. Crop reporters are indicating that general seeding may not begin for at least another week or more.

The region reported varying amounts of precipitation this week, ranging from nil to 75 mm in the Bradwell area. This area has also received the greatest amount of precipitation since April 1 (80 mm). The northern area of CD 6A received snow as well.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are reported as 44 per cent surplus and 56 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 30 per cent surplus and 70 per cent adequate. CD 6A is reporting that 61 per cent of cropland and 46 per cent of hay land and pasture have surplus topsoil moisture.

Pasture conditions are rated as five per cent excellent, 41 per cent good, 34 per cent fair, 17 per cent poor and three per cent very poor. Excess moisture and cool conditions are delaying pasture growth.

Farmers are busy working on equipment, controlling weeds, putting down anhydrous ammonia fertilizer and waiting to seed. There are a couple of reports of farmers picking up harvest from where they left off last fall.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B - Hanley, Outlook, Loreburn, Saskatoon and Arelee areas; Crop District 7A - Rosetown, Kindersley, Eston, Major; CD 7B - Kerrobert, Macklin, Wilkie and Biggar areas)

Seeding has begun for a few producers but the majority will likely begin in the coming week. Rainfall for the week ranged from one to 51 mm in the Hanley area. Since April 1, the Outlook area has had the greatest amount of rainfall (55 mm). Many areas reported snow over the weekend as well (the Langham area reported 18 cm). Some drier fields are being worked or spread with fertilizer, while other fields remain too wet to support equipment. There are a few reports of seeding in the Rosetown, Kindersley, Conquest and Major areas. Weed control, harrowing and fertilizer application are general throughout the region.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as five per cent surplus, 90 per cent adequate and five per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as six per cent surplus, 89 per cent adequate and five per cent short.

Pasture conditions are rated as 22 per cent excellent, 52 per cent good, 21 per cent fair and five per cent poor.

Farmers are busy preparing equipment, working fields, starting to seed and moving cattle to pasture.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 8 - Hudson Bay, Tisdale, Melfort, Carrot River, Humboldt, Kinistino, Cudworth and Aberdeen areas; Crop District 9AE - Prince Albert, Choiceland and Paddockwood areas)

Most producers are hoping to be in the field to start seeding next week. Cool and wet weather has delayed field work and warm weather will be needed to dry up fields. Some roads are soft and will not be able to support equipment for a while.

Much of the region received rain and/or snow this past week, ranging from one to 52 mm of moisture. The Arborfield area received 34 mm, the Humboldt area 52 mm and the Alvena area 25 mm. The Humboldt area has reported the greatest amount of precipitation since April 1 (54 mm). The Lake Lenore area reported 20 cm of snow. Power outages were reported in some areas due to the heavy snow bringing down power lines and trees.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 23 per cent surplus and 77 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 11 per cent surplus and 89 per cent adequate.

Pasture conditions are rated as seven per cent excellent, 60 per cent good, 13 per cent fair, 11 per cent poor and nine per cent very poor. Cool and wet weather has slowed pasture growth.

Farmers are busy cleaning seed, controlling weeds and getting ready to seed.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 9AW - Shellbrook, North Battleford, Big River and Hafford areas; Crop District 9B - Meadow Lake, Turtleford, Pierceland, Maidstone and Lloydminster areas)

There are a few reports of seeding just nicely starting in the Turtleford, St. Walburg and Lloydminster areas. The majority of producers are expected to get started next week. The region received some precipitation this week, ranging from trace amounts to 24 mm (Speers area). Some areas reported snow as well (Speers area 18 cm). The Hafford area has received the greatest amount of precipitation since April 1 (35 mm).

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as two per cent surplus, 90 per cent adequate and eight per cent short. Hay land and pasture moisture is rated as 88 per cent adequate and 12 per cent short.

Pasture conditions are rated as 11 per cent excellent, 50 per cent good, 23 per cent fair, 11 per cent poor and five per cent very poor. Cool weather has slowed pasture growth, but moisture is adequate in most areas.

Farmers are busy moving cattle, fertilizing forage crops, cleaning seed and controlling weeds.


Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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