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          Friday, July 29, 2016

One year ago

Despite flooding in many eastern areas of the province, conditions were slowly improving thanks to warm weather. Six per cent of the 2014 hay crop had been cut and one per cent had been baled or put into silage.

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Haying continues in much of the province despite limited plant growth due to the shortfall in precipitation. Livestock producers now have 24 per cent of the hay crop cut and 15 per cent baled or put into silage, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report.

Hay quality is currently rated as four per cent excellent, 43 per cent good, 34 per cent fair and 19 per cent poor. Many hay swaths are significantly smaller than normal and producers are concerned that hay will be in short supply this year as pasture conditions continue to deteriorate from the lack of rainfall.

The Ministry of Agriculture has a Forage, Feed and Custom Service listing for producers to advertise and source feed products. It is available at: http://www.agriculture.gov.sk.ca/FeedForageListing

Rainfall this past week ranged from trace amounts to nearly two inches in west-central areas. However, precipitation was spotty and most areas received either no rain or just light showers averaging a third of an inch. As a result, topsoil remains dry. Provincially, topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 33 per cent adequate, 45 per cent short and 22 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 23 per cent adequate, 41 per cent short and 36 per cent very short.

Crops are developing well in most of the province, although many crops in drier areas are short, thin and heading out and/or flowering earlier than normal. Sixty-seven per cent of the fall cereals and 39 per cent spring cereals are in the heading stage, with an additional 31 per cent of the fall cereals in the dough stage. Forty-five per cent of flax, 55 per cent of canola and mustard, and 82 per cent of pulse crops are in the flower to boll/pod stage.

Crop conditions vary throughout the province with the majority of crops in poor to good condition. Grasshoppers and lack of moisture remain significant causes of reported crop damage.

Farmers are busy controlling pests and cutting hay.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 1 - Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas; Crop District 2 - Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas; Crop District 3ASE - Radville and Lake Alma areas)

Haying continues despite the lack of plant growth. Many producers indicate that there is not much hay to cut and bales will be in short supply. Twenty-six per cent of the hay crop has now been cut and 21 per cent has been baled or put into silage. Hay quality at this time is rated as four per cent excellent, 50 per cent good, 38 per cent fair and eight per cent poor. Pasture conditions at this time are rated as seven per cent excellent, 21 per cent good, 25 per cent fair, 45 per cent poor and two per cent very poor.

Varying amounts of rainfall were received across the region, ranging from trace amounts to about an inch in the Manor area. Since April 1, the Moosomin area has recorded 160 mm of rainfall, the greatest amount for the region.

Topsoil moisture conditions are quickly deteriorating due to the hot and dry weather. Cropland topsoil moisture is currently rated as 43 per cent adequate, 40 per cent short and 17 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 37 per cent adequate, 43 per cent short and 20 per cent very short. Crop District 3ASE is reporting that 87 per cent of both cropland and hay land and pasture are short to very short topsoil moisture at this time. Rain is needed to help replenish topsoil moisture in the region. However, rainfall will not help some crops, hay or pasture develop as staging is too advanced.

Crop development varies through the region but the majority of crops are in poor to good condition. Some earlier-seeded crops have prematurely headed out and/or flowered due to moisture stress, and stands remain short and thin. The majority of crop damage this week was caused by lack of moisture and insects (mainly flea beetles, cutworms and diamondback moth worms).

Farmers are busy controlling pests, cutting hay where they can and hoping for rain. 


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 3ASW - Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN - Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas; Crop District 3B - Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas; Crop District 4 - Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas)

Thirty per cent of the hay crop has been cut and 27 per cent has been baled or put into silage. Many producers have indicated that there is not much hay to cut and that bales will be in short supply this year. In some cases, producers have no hay to cut. Hay quality is rated as 41 per cent good, 41 per cent fair and 18 per cent poor. Pasture conditions are rated as one per cent excellent, 12 per cent good, 29 per cent fair, 45 per cent poor and 13 per cent very poor.

Very little rain fell last week, ranging from trace amounts to 38 mm (the Shaunavon area). The Eastend area received 32 mm last week, bringing its total rainfall since April 1 to 141 mm, the greatest amount for the region.

Despite the showers during the last week, topsoil moisture conditions remainpoor. Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 12 per cent adequate, 55 per cent short and 33 per cent very short, while hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as eight per cent adequate, 33 per cent short and 49 per cent very short. On crop land, crop districts 3AN and 4B are reporting that 96 per cent and 100 per cent, respectively, are short to very short topsoil moisture. On hay land and pasture, all crop districts with the exception of CD 4A are reporting that 93 per cent to 97 per cent are short to very short topsoil moisture.

Crop development varies through the region but the majority of crops are in poor to good condition. Some earlier-seeded crops have prematurely headed out and/or flowered due to moisture stress, and stands remain short and thin. The majority of crop damage this week was caused by grasshoppers and lack of moisture.

Farmers are busy controlling pests, cutting hay where they can and hoping for rain. 


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop District 5 - Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A - Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas)

Haying continues in the region and 16 per cent has now been cut and six per cent has been baled or put into silage. Feed shortages remain a concern for some producers in the region as hay yields are expected to be well-below average. Hay quality is rated as two per cent excellent, 45 per cent good, 39 per cent fair and 14 per cent poor. Pasture conditions are rated as two per cent excellent, 24 per cent good, 42 per cent fair, 24 per cent poor and eight per cent very poor.

Rainfall ranged from trace amounts to 45 mm (the Bethune area). The Stalwart area received 12.5 mm last week, bringing its total rainfall since April 1 to 126.3 mm, the greatest amount for the region.

Little improvement was observed in topsoil moisture conditions from the little rain that fell last week. Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as one per cent surplus, 42 per cent adequate, 47 per cent short and 10 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 35 per cent adequate, 51 per cent short and 14 per cent very short. Crop District 5B is reporting that 21 per cent of cropland acres and 22 per cent of hay land and pasture acres are very short topsoil moisture at this time.

Crop development varies through the region but the majority of crops are in poor to good condition. Despite the lack of sufficient precipitation, the majority of the crops in the region look better than expected.  This has been attributed to good subsoil moisture that earlier-seeded crops were able to access. The majority of crop damage this week was caused by lack of moisture and insects (mainly flea beetles, aphids and grasshoppers).

Farmers are busy controlling pests, cutting hay where they can and hoping for rain.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B - Hanley, Outlook, Loreburn, Saskatoon and Arelee areas; Crop District 7A - Rosetown, Kindersley, Eston, Major; CD 7B - Kerrobert, Macklin, Wilkie and Biggar areas)

Haying continues in the region and 27 per cent of the hay crop has now been cut and 11 per cent baled or put into silage. Many producers have indicated that there is not much hay to bale and yields will be significantly down from previous years. Hay quality is rated as 15 per cent good, 35 per cent fair and 50 per cent poor. Pasture conditions are rated as four per cent good, 24 per cent fair, 48 per cent poor and 24 per cent very poor.

Varying amounts of rainfall were received across the region, ranging from trace amounts to 49 mm in the Outlook area. Since April 1, the Rosetown area has received 119 mm of rainfall, the greatest amount for the region according to last week's reports.

Topsoil moisture conditions remain poor despite the showers received last week. Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 21 per cent adequate, 40 per cent short and 39 per cent very short. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay land and pasture are rated as 12 per cent adequate, 36 per cent short and 52 per cent very short. Crop districts 6B and 7B are reporting that 84 per cent and 86 per cent, respectively, of cropland acres are short to very short topsoil moisture, while CD 7B is reporting that 70 per cent of hay land and pasture land is very short topsoil moisture.

Crop development varies through the region but the majority of crops are in poor to good condition. Some earlier-seeded crops have prematurely headed out and/or flowered due to moisture stress, and stands remain short and thin. The majority of crop damage this week was caused by lack of moisture and insects (mainly flea beetles, grasshoppers and aphids).

Farmers are busy controlling pests, cutting hay where they can and hoping for rain. 


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 8 - Hudson Bay, Tisdale, Melfort, Carrot River, Humboldt, Kinistino, Cudworth and Aberdeen areas; Crop District 9AE - Prince Albert, Choiceland and Paddockwood areas)

Haying continues and 19 per cent of the hay crop has now been cut and nine per cent baled or put into silage. Hay quality is currently rated as 22 per cent excellent, 67 per cent good and 11 per cent fair. Pasture conditions are rated as one per cent excellent, 42 per cent good, 42 per cent fair, 14 per cent poor and one per cent very poor.

Varying amounts of rain were received last week, ranging from trace amounts to 38 mm in the Star City area. The Star City area has received the greatest amount of rainfall in the region since April 1 (176 mm).

Topsoil moisture conditions have not improved. Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 71 per cent adequate, 23 per cent short and six per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 67 per cent adequate, 28 per cent short and five per cent very short.

Crop development varies through the region but the majority of crops are in poor to good condition. Some earlier-seeded crops have prematurely headed out and/or flowered due to moisture stress, and stands remain short and thin. The majority of crop damage this week was caused by lack of moisture and insects (mainly flea beetles, grasshoppers and aphids).

Farmers are busy controlling pests, cutting hay where they can and hoping for rain. 


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 9AW - Shellbrook, North Battleford, Big River and Hafford areas; Crop District 9B - Meadow Lake, Turtleford, Pierceland, Maidstone and Lloydminster areas)

Haying continues and 18 per cent of the hay crop has been cut and four per cent baled or put into silage. Hay quality is currently rated as seven per cent excellent, 40 per cent good, 40 per cent fair and 13 per cent poor. Many producers indicate that yields will be low and fear a shortage of hay. More ditches are being cut to make up for the poor hay yields. Pasture conditions are rated as three per cent good, 26 per cent fair, 47 per cent poor and 24 per cent very poor

Varying amounts of rain were received last week, ranging from trace amounts to 32 mm in the Meadow Lake area. The Hafford area, which only received 5 mm last week, has received the greatest amount of rainfall in the region since April 1 (129 mm).

Topsoil moisture conditions continue to deteriorate. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 17 per cent adequate, 63 per cent short and 20 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as nine per cent adequate, 51 per cent short and 40 per cent very short. Crop District 9AW is reporting that 60 per cent of hay and pasture land are very short topsoil moisture .

Crop development varies through the region, but the majority of crops are in poor to good condition. Some earlier-seeded crops have prematurely headed out and/or flowered due to moisture stress, and stands remain short and thin. The majority of crop damage this week was caused by lack of moisture and insects (mainly flea beetles, grasshoppers and aphids).

Farmers are busy controlling pests, cutting hay where they can and hoping for rain. 


Crop Staging Tables July 6, 2015

Fall Cereals

Shot blade

Heading

Dough

Ripe

July 6 Prov. Avg.

2.1

66.6

31.0

0.3

Southeast

4.1

73.4

21.7

0.8

Southwest

7.8

54.0

38.2

0.0

East central

3.6

80.5

15.9

0.0

West central

0.0

36.2

63.8

0.0

Northeast

2.9

85.3

11.8

0.0

Northwest

4.4

54.8

40.8

0.0

Spring  Cereals

Tillering

Jointed

Shotblade

Heading

Dough

July 6 Prov. Avg.

2.8

17.6

40.2

39.4

0.0

Southeast

5.2

8.5

46.5

39.8

0.0

Southwest

6.1

15.3

38.4

40.2

0.0

East central

1.0

18.6

39.8

38.6

2.0

West central

5.4

15.8

44.4

34.4

0.0

Northeast

6.3

28.5

42.5

22.7

0.0

Northwest

3.8

14.8

51.6

29.8

0.0

 

Flax

Seedling

Stem elongation

Flowering

Boll

Ripe

July 6 Prov. Avg.

5.0

49.6

45.4

0.0

0.0

Southeast

5.0

51.5

39.8

3.7

0.0

Southwest

6.1

36.8

55.2

1.9

0.0

East central

7.8

65.4

26.2

0.6

0.0

West central

1.2

54.6

44.2

0.0

0.0

Northeast

6.6

86.2

7.2

0.0

0.0

Northwest

0.0

59.1

40.9

0.0

0.0

 

Canola & Mustard

Seedling

Rosette

Flowering

Podded

Ripe

July 6 Prov. Avg.

9.1

35.6

54.0

1.3

0.0

Southeast

2.3

45.0

50.2

2.5

0.0

Southwest

7.8

24.6

60.1

7.5

0.0

East central

6.0

52.0

42.0

0.0

0.0

West central

8.6

42.9

48.2

0.3

0.0

Northeast

3.0

56.2

40.4

0.4

0.0

Northwest

14.5

53.0

32.5

0.0

0.0

 

Pulse Crops

Vegetative

Flowering

Podded

Ripe

July 6 Prov. Avg.

18.4

66.7

14.9

0.0

Southeast

41.6

51.2

7.2

0.0

Southwest

30.6

42.6

26.8

0.0

East central

16.3

74.0

9.7

0.0

West central

31.3

63.4

5.3

0.0

Northeast

9.4

67.1

23.5

0.0

Northwest

4.2

79.3

16.5

0.0

 


Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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