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      Thursday, August 25, 2016

Saskatchewan Agriculture has a group of 210 volunteer crop reporters from across the province.
Thank you for your valued dedication to the crop report. In 2015, there are seven crop reporters reaching their 20 year milestone; two reaching 25 years; three reaching 30 years; three reaching 35 years; and for the first time ever, three reaching 40 years of crop reporting.
Congratulations!!

 One year ago
Harvest was essentially wrapped up in the province. Yields were average to above-average for most producers.

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Harvest has essentially wrapped up in the province as 99 per cent of the crop is now in the bin, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's Weekly Crop Report.  There are some crops such as flax and oats left to be combined when weather and time permits.  Harvest was challenging for producers due to frequent rainfall, delayed maturity and secondary growth of weeds.

Crop quality remains an issue for some areas, with the majority rated either close to or below the 10-year average.

Rainfall throughout harvest caused sprouting, bleaching and staining in many cereal and pulse crops.

Yields vary throughout the province and are reported as average in most cases; yields for hard red spring wheat are reported as 37 bushels per acre, durum 38 bushels per acre, oats 85 bushels per acre, barley 59 bushels per acre, canola 34 bushels per acre, peas 31 bushels per acre and lentils 1,293 lb. per acre.

Average hay yields on dry land are reported as 1.1 tons per acre (alfalfa and alfalfa/brome hay), 1.0 tons per acre (other tame hay), 0.9 tons per acre (wild hay) and 1.7 tons per acre (greenfeed).  On irrigated land, the estimated average hay yields are 3.0 tons per acre (alfalfa hay and other tame hay), 3.5 tons per acre (alfalfa/brome hay) and 4.0 tons per acre (greenfeed). Cattle producers have indicated that they have adequate winter feed supplies. 

The number of acres seeded into winter cereals is about average in most areas.  However, due to a late harvest, wet conditions in some areas and dry soil conditions in other areas, the number of acres seeded has slightly decreased in the southeastern, east-central and west-central regions compared to the previous year. Acres seeded to fall rye have increased in the southeast.

Rainfall this past week ranged from trace amounts to more than an inch in some southern areas.  Heading into winter, topsoil moisture conditions are rated as nine per cent surplus, 85 per cent adequate and six per cent short.  Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 84 per cent adequate and 14 per cent short.  The east-central and northeast regions are reporting excess moisture in many fields.

Farmers are busy completing fall work, bringing cattle home from pastures and hauling bales.


Provincial Estimated Crop Yields - October 26, 2015

 

Winter wheat

Fall rye

HRSW

Other wheat*

Durum

Oat

Barley

Canaryseed

Southeast 39 40 35 50 35 66 52 770
Southwest 33 30 29 36 31 62 46 800
East Central 42 37 38 43 37 85 59 1,269
West Central 38 36 35 45 41 70 55 815
Northeast N/A 50 43 51 41 98 72 1,946
Northwest  N/A 25 40 42 N/A 85 68 N/A
Provincial   40 34 37 44 36 85 59 1,017
10 yr. prov. ave
(2005-2014)
41 35 36 36 34 72 56 1,105
  Flax Canola Mustard Soybean Pea Lentil  Chickpea  
Southeast 22 32 862 26 33 1,174 600  
Southwest 22 29 1,046 22 25 1,228 1,462  
East Central 25 35 1,141 22 38 1,444 1,100  
West Central 24 33 1,031 21 30 1,462 1,200  
Northeast 26 37 N/A 31 36 N/A N/A  
Northwest  25 40 N/A N/A 37 1601 N/A  
Provincial   23 34 1,029 26 31 1,293 1,386  
10 yr. prov. ave
(2005-2014)
21 30 988 N/A 33 1,312 1,262  

* 'Other wheat' includes all wheat classes other than Hard Red Spring Wheat
** Crop yield predictions at this point in time. Please keep in mind these are regional averages, and yields can vary greatly across an area.
*** canaryseed, mustard, lentil and chickpea in lbs/ac. All other crops in bu/ac.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 1 - Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas; Crop District 2 - Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas; Crop District 3ASE - Radville and Lake Alma areas)

Harvest has all but wrapped up in the southeast region. Some fields of flax and oats remain in the field and will be harvested when time and weather allows. Many fields remain wet from frequent rainfall and some crops may not be harvested until the ground freezes or until next spring.

Crop yields vary throughout the region, although there are many reports of higher-than-expected yields. Crop quality also varies throughout the region, depending on moisture received throughout the year and the impact of rain on crops during harvest. Much of the cereal crop was damaged from sprouting, bleaching and staining due to excess moisture.   

Going into winter, cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as five per cent surplus, 87 per cent adequate and eight per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 82 per cent adequate and 17 per cent short. Crop District 1B is reporting that 18 per cent of cropland has surplus topsoil moisture at this time while 68 per cent of cropland is short topsoil moisture in CD 3ASE. There are reports that previously flooded land is now being reclaimed.  

Average dryland hay yields for the region are as follows (in tons per acre): alfalfa 1.0; alfalfa/brome 1.2; other tame hay 1.1; wild hay 0.8 and greenfeed 1.6. The majority of livestock producers are indicating they have adequate supplies of feed (hay, straw, greenfeed and grain).

Crop reporters have indicated that winter wheat acres are down from previous years while fall rye acres have increased. A late harvest and excess moisture caused some delays for producers.

Farmers are busy completing fall work, hauling bales, bringing cattle home from pasture and putting machinery away.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 3ASW - Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN - Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas; Crop District 3B - Kyle, Swift Current, Shaunavon and Ponteix areas; Crop District 4 - Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas)

 

Although a few fields of flax, oats and canary seed remain to be combined, harvest is complete for the majority of producers. Flax fields are slow to dry down and will be combined when weather and time permits.

Crop yields vary throughout the region, although there are some reports of higher-than-expected yields in some oilseed and pulse crops. Crop quality also greatly varies throughout the region, depending on moisture received throughout the year. Many cereal crops will be downgraded due to sprouting, bleaching and staining from rain at harvest.

Going into winter, cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 87 per cent adequate and 13 per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as 71 per cent adequate and 29 per cent short. At this time, Crop District 4A is reporting that 65 per cent of cropland acres and 60 per cent of hay land and pasture acres are short topsoil moisture. CD 4B is reporting that 90 per cent of hay and pasture land is short topsoil moisture at this time. Rain prior to freeze-up would be welcomed in much of the region to help replenish topsoil moisture. There are concerns that if minimal snowfall is received this winter there may be moisture issues in the spring.  

Average dryland hay yields for the region are as follows (in tons per acre): alfalfa and other tame hay 0.7; alfalfa/brome 0.6; wild hay 0.9 and greenfeed 1.6. The majority of livestock producers are indicating they have adequate supplies of feed (hay, straw, greenfeed and grain), although some more western areas of the region may be in short supply.

Crop reporters have indicated that winter wheat and fall rye acres are about the same as previous years. A late harvest caused some delays for producers.

Farmers are busy completing fall work, hauling bales, bringing cattle home from pasture, cleaning up yards and putting machinery away.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop District 5 - Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A - Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas)

Harvest is essentially complete in the region, although a few fields of flax, canary seed and oats remain in the field. Many flax fields are slow to dry down and will be combined prior to winter if time permits. Crop quality varies throughout the region, depending on the impact of rain during the season and at harvest. Yields also vary greatly, although there are many reports of crops yielding higher than expected. Some cereal crops have been downgraded due to bleaching and sprouting from excess moisture.

Going into winter, cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 13 per cent surplus, 85 per cent adequate and two per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 97 per cent adequate and one per cent short. Crop District 6A is reporting that 24 per cent of cropland acres have surplus topsoil moisture at this time.

Average dryland hay yields for the region are as follows (in tons per acre): alfalfa 1.5; alfalfa/brome 1.6; other tame hay and wild hay 1.2 and greenfeed 1.9 while average irrigated hay yields on alfalfa and alfalfa/brome are 2.5 tons per acre. The majority of livestock producers are indicating they have adequate to surplus supplies of feed (hay, straw, greenfeed and grain).

Crop reporters have indicated that winter wheat acres are slightly down from previous years while fall rye acres are about the same. A late harvest caused some delays for producers.

Farmers are busy hauling bales, cleaning up yards and corrals, putting machinery away and completing fall work.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B - Hanley, Outlook, Loreburn, Saskatoon and Arelee areas; Crop District 7A - Rosetown, Kindersley, Eston, Major; CD 7B - Kerrobert, Macklin, Wilkie and Biggar areas)

Only a few fields remain to be combined in the region as harvest is all but wrapped up. If time and weather allow, these fields will be combined prior to winter. Crop yields vary throughout the region, depending on timing of rainfall throughout the season. Crop quality also varies and there are many reports of downgrading from sprouting, bleaching and staining.

Going into winter, cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 98 per cent adequate and two per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as 97 per cent adequate and three per cent short. Rain prior to freeze-up would be welcomed in much of the region to help maintain topsoil moisture. There are concerns that if minimal snowfall is received this winter there may be moisture issues in the spring for seeding. 

Average dryland hay yields for the region are as follows (in tons per acre): alfalfa 1.1; alfalfa/brome and other tame hay 0.9; wild hay 0.8 and greenfeed 1.7. Average irrigated hay yields for the region are as follows (in tons per acre): alfalfa 3.5; alfalfa/brome 4.5; other tame hay 3.0 and greenfeed 4.0. The majority of livestock producers are indicating they have adequate supplies of feed (hay, straw, greenfeed and grain), although some areas are reporting short supply.  

Crop reporters have indicated that winter wheat and fall rye acres are significantly down from the previous year, mainly due to a late harvest and moisture concerns.

Farmers are busy bringing cattle home from pasture, cleaning up yards, hauling bales and completing fall work.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 8 - Hudson Bay, Tisdale, Melfort, Carrot River, Humboldt, Kinistino, Cudworth and Aberdeen areas; Crop District 9AE - Prince Albert, Choiceland and Paddockwood areas)

The northeastern region is essentially done harvest, although a few fields remain to be combined as weather permits. Crop yields and quality vary greatly throughout the region depending on moisture received throughout the year. Many fields yielded much higher than expected; however, much of the cereal crop will be downgraded due to sprouting, bleaching and staining from excess moisture.

Going into winter, cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 44 per cent surplus and 56 per cent adequate. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as 31 per cent surplus and 69 per cent adequate. Crop District 8A is reporting that 88 per cent of cropland acres and 65 per cent of hay land and pasture acres have surplus topsoil moisture at this time. Many fields remain wet and there are some concerns that excess snowfall this winter could cause flooding issues in the spring.

Average dryland hay yields for the region are as follows (in tons per acre): alfalfa and alfalfa/brome 1.5; other tame hay 1.8 and greenfeed 1.0. The majority of livestock producers are indicating they have adequate to surplus supplies of feed (hay, straw, greenfeed and grain).

Crop reporters have indicated that winter cereal acres are similar to previous years. A late harvest caused some delays for producers.  

Farmers are busy cleaning up yards, hauling bales, putting machinery away and bringing cattle home from pasture.  

Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 9AW - Shellbrook, North Battleford, Big River and Hafford areas; Crop District 9B - Meadow Lake, Turtleford, Pierceland, Maidstone and Lloydminster areas)

Harvest is wrapped up for producers in the northwest region. Crop yields and quality are quite variable across the region, depending on moisture received throughout the season. There are reports that some crops harvested later in the year will be downgraded due to sprouting, bleaching and staining. 

Going into winter, cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as one per cent surplus, 92 per cent adequate and seven per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as 92 per cent adequate and eight per cent short. Crop District 9B is reporting that 13 per cent of cropland acres and 15 per cent of hay land and pasture acres are short topsoil moisture at this time.

Average dryland hay yields for the region are as follows (in tons per acre): alfalfa 1.1; alfalfa/brome 1.0; other tame hay and wild hay 0.7 and greenfeed 1.5. The majority of livestock producers are indicating they have adequate supplies of feed (hay, straw, greenfeed and grain), although some areas have a short supply of hay.

Crop reporters have indicated that winter cereal acres are similar to previous years. A late harvest caused some delays for producers. 

Farmers are busy bringing cattle home from pasture, hauling bales, cleaning yards and completing fall work.


Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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