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      Friday, December 15, 2017
Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay and pasture land are generally adequate to surplus across the province, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food's weekly crop report.

Areas of surplus topsoil moisture are mainly in the east central and northeastern regions, although there are some areas of surplus topsoil moisture in the west central and northwestern regions.  Additionally, there are areas of short and very short topsoil moisture across the southern grainbelt.

While a few individual rural municipalities (RMs) report seeding of up to 20 per cent or more, producers in many areas have not yet begun seeding, due to wet and/or cold field conditions.  To date, two per cent of the 2007 crop is planted.  Peas, canola, and wheat are the most common crops reported as seeded so far.

More pre-seeding field work got underway this past week.  Farmers are picking rocks, harrowing, fertilizing, applying chemicals, and cleaning grain.  North eastern and east central farmers report infrastructure damage from flooding.  

Seeding Progress in Saskatchewan

per cent seeded

All

 

Crops

Apr 29/07

2

5-year Avg. (2002-06)

2

Apr 30/06

3

May 1/05

3

May 2/04

6

Apr 27/03

0

Apr 28/02

0

One Year Ago

Three per cent of the 2006 crop was seeded - 13 per cent planted in the southwest and 2 per cent in the southeast.

Topsoil moisture conditions were adequate across the majority of the grainbelt.  Northeast and east central regions reported more than 50 per cent of the land suffering from surplus moisture.

Harvesting was reported in central and northern regions.

 

 

 South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3as-east)

The southeast saw a mix of sun and clouds, wind, and some showers during the past week.  An average of 4 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in Crop District (CD) 3ase, to an average high of 8 mm reported in CD 1b.  Fields were blowing in the Pangman area with the strong winds.   

Seeding has begun in many areas of the southeast.  A total of 3per cent of the 2007 crop is in.  Crops being seeded include peas, wheat, barley, and canola.   

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land are generally rated as adequate.  In CDs 1a, 2a, and 3ase, reporters rate over 20per cent of the land in a short or very short topsoil moisture situation. On hay and pasture land, the majority of reporters say they have adequate moisture.  In CDs 1a, 2a, and 3ase, reporters rate over 40per cent of the land in a short or very short topsoil moisture situation.  These areas could use a good rain soon. 

Farmers are applying chemical and fertilizer, picking rocks, harrowing straw, fixing fences, cleaning seed, and burning straw.  There are a significant number of winter annual weeds showing in some fields.  A few field fires were reported from the Grenfell area and there were some grass fires in the Montmartre area.  Some shortages of fertilizer and chemicals were reported.       

Most livestock are still being fed as grass growth in the pastures is not robust enough to support grazing.  In the Minton area, many cattlemen are still hauling water for their stock as well. 

South western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 3as-west, 3an, 3b, & 4)

Many areas in the southwest were windy last week, along with cool night temperatures that warmed up during the day.  An average of 6 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in CD 4, to an average high of 13 mm reported in CD 3an.  The wind caused blowing dirt in the Limerick and Ponteix areas.  

Spring seeding has begun in a number of areas in the southwest with a total of 5per cent seeded in the region.  Up to 60per cent has been seeded in the Maple Creek area.  Crops going in include peas, canola, mustard, and spring wheat.  Some early-seeded peas are emerging in the Mossbank area.   

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land are generally rated as adequate.  In CDs 3asw and 4b, reporters rate at least 20per cent of the land in a short or very short topsoil moisture situation. On hay and pasture land, the majority of reporters say they have adequate moisture.  In CDs 3asw and 3bs, reporters rate over 30per cent of the land in a short or very short topsoil moisture situation.  These areas could use a good rain soon. 

Farmers are applying chemical - both spray and granular, picking rocks, and doing tillage.  The gophers are getting out of hand in the Bengough area.  Gopher and badger holes were an issue in the Mankota and Ponteix areas.  Wire worms were reported in fall triticale in the Consul area.  There were shortages of chemicals and fertilizer reported.  Fall rye and winter wheat appear to have good survival rates.

Livestock producers are branding calves, fixing fence, and moving some cattle to pastures.   

 

East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

This past week saw some drying conditions in the east central region.  An average of 4 mm of precipitation was recorded, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in CD 5a to an average high of 5 mm reported in CD 6a.   

One half of one per cent of seeding is done in the east central region.  Seeding is taking place in several areas in CDs 5a and 6a.  Crops being planted include peas and lentils.  Several areas in CD 5b expect it will be one to two weeks before seeding can begin provided the weather cooperates.     

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay and pasture land are reported as surplus to adequate.  CD 5b reports the highest percentage of surplus moisture.   

Farmers are fertilizing winter wheat, applying fertilizer and chemical, harrowing, picking rocks, and burning straw.  Wildlife damage to unharvested 2006 crops is high and wildlife are damaging emerging winter wheat fields in the Goodeve area.  In the Foam Lake area, farmers are trying to move some excess water off the fields.  In the Kelvington area, farmers are concerned as they continue to receive rain on already very wet land.  There are some fertilizer, chemical, and pea seed shortages.      

Livestock are still being fed hay as pastures are not ready to be grazed. 

West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

Many areas in the west central region saw drying conditions this past week, though some had cooler weather.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported.

Less than one-half of one per cent of the 2007 crop is in the ground.  Some RMs report up to 2per cent seeded.  Crops planted include peas, oats, barley, and forages.  Some regions expect a decrease in seeded area because of overly wet field conditions - how much of a decrease will depend on the weather.   

Topsoil moisture conditions on are generally adequate on crop, hay and pasture land in west central regions. Crop District 6b reports over 40per cent of the crop land in a surplus situation. 

Farmers are spraying, harrowing, applying granular herbicide, picking rocks, fertilizing, and repairing machinery.  Some livestock are being moved out to interim and summer pastures.  Winter annual weeds are growing strongly.  There are some shortages of fertilizer and glyphosphate.  The gophers are busy in the Unity area.       

 

North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9a-east)

This past week brought cool then warm weather to much of the northeast.  An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from no precipitation reported in CD 9ae, to an average high of 3 mm in CD 8b.

There was no seeding activity reported.  One to two weeks of drying weather will be needed for seeding to get underway.   

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay and pasture land are generally rated as surplus.

Roads are soft, frost boils are popping up, culverts have been washed out, road bans are on (some as low as 6,400 lbs.), and lakes are overflowing.  There are concerns about being able to move supplies and equipment around the region.

Some farmers have started to pick rocks on the parts of the fields that they can get to.  There are shortages of some varieties of canola as well as fertilizer.   

North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9a-west & 9b)

Most of the past week was warm with wind in the northwest.  There were some scattered showers making for an average of 1 mm of precipitation for the region.  Crop District 9aw reported an average of 2 mm of precipitation.  In some areas, the winds have dried out the topsoil too quickly.    

Less than 1per cent of the 2007 crop has been planted in the northwest.  Seeding activity was reported in the North Battleford, Turtleford, and Meota areas.  Wheat and field peas have been planted.     

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay and pasture land are generally adequate.  In CD 9aw, about one-third of the crop land is in a surplus topsoil moisture situation.  Those areas will need up to two weeks for the ground to dry up, provided they do not receive more moisture. 

Farmers are picking rocks, fencing, harrowing, fertilizing, tilling, and repairing machinery.  Cattle are being moved from their wintering areas.  Shortages of specific canola varieties and seed peas were reported.



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