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       Monday, October 23, 2017
1 Year Ago
Some flooding in fields and general delays in spraying caused concerns for farmers.
Provincially, crop development was progressing at an average rate.
Haying operations were just getting underway with less than one per cent cut.

Flooding in fields and delays in spraying caused concerns for farmers according to Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food's weekly crop report.

The southeast averaged over 35 mm of rain, and rain was falling a number of areas on the 17th and 18th.  Some farmers still hope to plant some crops for greenfeed, but most acknowledge that seeding for a harvestable crop in the fall is complete.

Provincially, spring cereals averaged 27 per cent in the emerging stage, 58 per cent in the tillering stage, and nine per cent in the jointed stage.  Flax crops are 35 per cent in the emerging stage, 51 per cent in the seedling stage and seven per cent in the stem extension stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 20 per cent in the emerging stage, 48 per cent in the seedling stage, and 24 per cent in the rosette stage.  Pulse crops are 19 per cent in the emerging stage and 79 per cent in the vegetative stage.  Fall cereals are 37 per cent in the shotblade stage and 38 per cent in the heading stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land deteriorated during the past week as a result of heavy rains in some areas.  Reporters rate 79 per cent of crop land and 83 per cent of hay and pasture land as having adequate topsoil moisture.  Both the amount of land in a surplus moisture situation and in a short moisture situation increased.

The main source of crop damage during the past week was flooding.  Crop damage also came from insects (flea beetles, cut worms, wire worms, aphids), gophers, hail, disease (tan spot, rust, root rot, ascochyta blight), frost, wind, and drought. 

Haying operations on the 2007 crop are just getting underway, with less than one per cent cut or baled.  Warm, settled weather will help move haying operations along.

South eastern Saskatchewan

(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

The south eastern region was unsettled during the past week, with some storms.  An average of 40 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 12 mm reported in Crop District (CD) 2b, to an average high of 72 mm reported in CD 1b.  Over 100 mm was reported in the Manor, Wawota, and Broadview areas.  Flooding caused crop damage in all areas.  Up to 20% of some fields are damaged.  Hail damage was also reported in a number of areas and damage varied from minor to heavy.  Some wind damage was reported in the Kennedy area.  Crops are showing stress from too much moisture.    

Some farmers hope to be able to plant some crops for greenfeed.

Spring cereal development in the southeast is 81% at or beyond the tillering stage, the furthest advanced region in the province on average.  Flax crops are 65% at or beyond the seedling stage, the furthest advanced in the province on average.  Canola and mustard crops are 82% at or beyond the seedling stage.  Pulse crops are 77% at or beyond the vegetative stage.  Fall cereal crops are 34% at or beyond the heading stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated from last week, with 28% of crop land rated as having surplus topsoil moisture, compared with 9% last week.  Conditions were also wetter on hay and pasture land with 17% rated as having surplus topsoil moisture, compared to 6% last week. 

Aside from flooding and hail, insects and disease were the main source of crop damage during the past week.  Flea beetle damage was reported in CDs 1 and 2b.  Aphids damaged crops in the Redvers area and cutworms damaged crops in the Montmartre and Minton areas.  Tan spot was reported the Redvers, Moosomin, and Ceylon areas; rust was reported in the Oxbow and Redvers areas; and ascochyta blight was reported in the Marquis and Ceylon areas.  Some aerial spraying for Ascochyta blight is underway as is some ground spraying for flea beetles.  Some gopher damage was reported in CDs 1b and 3ase.  Gophers caused crop damage in the Kennedy, Zehner, and Ceylon areas.  

Some first-cut haying is underway in CD 2a.  Quality is expected to be good to excellent. 

 Farmers are hampered in spraying by wet weather.  Farmers are also trying to work on summerfallowing and chemfallowing.  The Odessa area seems to be infested with small black flies.  Also in the Odessa area, the bertha armyworm moths are out.

South western Saskatchewan

(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

The week was generally warm and windy with some showers in the southwest.  An average of 11 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 4 mm reported in CD 3an, to an average high of 20 mm reported in CD 3asw.  Over 30 mm was reported in the Bengough area.  Wind damaged crops in the Fife Lake and Tompkins areas.  Hail damaged crops in the Swift Current and Gull Lake areas, severely in some cases.  Time will tell if the crop is able to rebound.  The Val Marie, Richmound, Hazlet, and Sceptre areas saw some flooding damage.  There was drought damage reported in the Rush Lake and Lucky Lake areas.    

Spring cereal development in the southwest is 76% at or beyond the tillering stage.  Flax crops are 52% at or beyond the seedling stage, the furthest advanced in the province.  Canola and mustard crops are 93% at or beyond the seedling stage.  Pulse crops are 93% at the vegetative stage, the furthest advanced region on average.  Fall cereal crops are 70% at or beyond the heading stage, the furthest advanced, on average, in the province.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are similar to last week, with 90% of the crop land and 89% of the hay and pasture land rating adequate for topsoil moisture.        

Gophers and disease were the main sources of crop damage during the past week.  Damage from gophers was reported in CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b and 4.  Some crops may need to be re-seeded because of gopher damage.  Some farmers just quit seeding as the gophers were eating the crops as fast as they grew.  Insect damage came from cutworms in the Coderre and Eastend areas and flea beetles in the Lucky Lake area.  Disease issues include ascochyta blight in the Bengough, Viceroy, Glenbain, and Elrose areas and tan spot in the Spring Valley area.  Fungicide applications are taking place in some areas.  Some farmers have sprayed twice.         

Haying operations are just getting underway with some cutting in CDs 3an and 4a.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  Fall rye crops were being silaged in the Maple Creek area.    

Weed spraying is being done as weather conditions permit.  Farmers are also working on chemfallow, cultivation, and rolling pulse land.   

East central Saskatchewan

(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

The east central region was cloudy with showers during the past week.  An average of 19 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 9 mm reported in CD 6a, to an average high of 34 mm reported in CD 5a.  Over 60 mm was reported in the Langenburg area.  Heavy thunderstorms in the Leroy area reportedly dropped over 100 mm in less than an hour.  Crop damage from flooding was reported in all regions, as was hail damage.  There was hail damage to crops, vehicles, and buildings in the Ituna area with golf ball and larger sized hail. 

Localized estimates of unseeded area run from less than 10% to 20% unseeded.   

Spring cereal development in the east central region is 66% at or beyond the tillering stage.  Flax crops are 56% at or beyond the vegetative stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 75% at or beyond the seedling stage.  Pulse crops are 80% at the vegetative stage.  Fall cereal crops are 23% at the heading stage.

Reporters rated 27% of the crop land as having surplus topsoil moisture, up from 20% last week.  Hay and pasture land moisture conditions are similar to last week, with 74% of the land rated in adequate topsoil moisture condition.

Flea beetles were reported in the Saltcoats, Jedburgh, Insinger, Quill Lake, Lumsden, and Humboldt areas.  Cereal leaf diseases were reported in the Saltcoats, Elfros, Quill Lake, and Holdfast areas.  Bertha armyworm moths are starting to show up.     

No haying operations have started yet in the east central region.   Quality is generally expected to be good.

 There is heavy weed growth - largely because of weather delays to spraying. 

West central Saskatchewan

(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region had some warm days during the past week, and also some storms.  An average of 11 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 4 mm reported in CD 6b, to an average high of 16 mm reported in CD 7a.  One reporter in the Rosetown area had 40 mm during the week.  Wind damage was reported in the Strongfield area.  Drought damage was reported in the Outlook area.  Spotty hail damage was reported in the Luseland and Major areas.  Frost damage was reported in the Denzil area.

Spring cereal development in the west central region is 61% at or beyond the tillering stage.  Flax crops are 54% at or beyond the vegetative stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 81% at or beyond the seedling stage.  Pulse crops are 81% at the vegetative stage.  Fall cereal crops are 67% at or beyond the heading stage.  One field of rye was lodging in the Unity area. 

Reporters rated 88% of crop land as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 94% last week.  For hay and pasture land, 85% was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 96% last week.  The Grandora, Waldheim, and Perdue areas indicated that they could use rain - some were getting it at the beginning of this week.     

Cutworms caused damage in the Arelee area; flea beetles in the Kerrobert and Biggar areas; and wireworms in the Denzil area.  There was gopher damage reported in the Tramping Lake area.   

Some haying has started in CD 6b.  Quality across the region is generally expected to be good.

Farmers are trying to make headway with weed spraying around wet and windy weather.  Summerfallowing operations are also underway.

North eastern Saskatchewan

(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)

The north eastern region saw both warm and cool weather during the last week.  An average of 7 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 2 mm reported in CD 9ae, to an average high of 10 mm reported in CD 8a.  Over 20 mm was reported in the Porcupine Plain and the Tisdale areas.  Crop damage from flooding was reported in the Porcupine Plain, Arborfield, Tisdale, and Paddockwood areas.   

Crop development in the northeast is the least advanced, on average, in the province for all crop groups.  Spring cereal development in the northeast is 44% at or beyond the tillering stage.  Flax crops are 36% at the seedling stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 50% at or beyond the seedling stage.  Pulse crops are 58% at the vegetative stage.  Fall cereal crops are 3% at the heading stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are a little drier this past week, with 28% of the land rated as having surplus topsoil moisture, compared with 33% last week.  Reporters rate 74% of the hay and pasture land as having adequate topsoil moisture.  Pastures south of Tisdale are so soft that the cattle are ruining them just from walking around. 

Flea beetles were reported in the Humboldt and Vonda areas.  The Vonda area also reported root rot and crops yellowing from moisture stress.           

Haying operations have not yet begun in the northeast, but the hay crop is expected to be of generally good quality.

Most farmers have quit seeding fields because they are too wet, and they are now trying to spray the crops they did get planted.  Tent caterpillars are damaging trees in the Hoey area.  

North western Saskatchewan

(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The north western region saw some showers during the past week.  An average of 18 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 10 mm reported in CD 9aw, to an average high of 24 mm reported in CD 9b. Over 40 mm was reported in the Pierceland area. Wind damage was reported in the North Battleford area, light, localized hail damage reported in the Neilburg area, and frost damage reported in the Pierceland area.    

Spring cereal development in the northwest is 73% at or beyond the tillering stage.  Flax crops are 42% at or beyond the vegetative stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 75% at or beyond the seedling stage.  Pulse crops are 79% at or beyond the vegetative stage.  Fall cereal crops are 29% at the heading stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved slightly during the past week, as some areas of surplus moisture dried.  Eighty-two per cent of crop land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 80% last week.  For hay and pasture land with conditions were similar to last week, with 94% reported as having adequate topsoil moisture.     

Flea beetle damage was reported in the Neilburg area.  Gopher damage was reported in the North Battleford and Medstead areas.

Haying operations have not yet started in the northwest, but quality is generally expected to be good.  Frost and cool weather have set the hay back in some areas. 

Winds have hampered spraying operations. 

 

Saskatchewan Crop Development (per cent at each stage)

Cereals

pre-emerge

emerge

tillering

jointed

shot blade

5yrAvg. (99-02+06)

4

28

55

13

1

Jun 17/07

5

27

58

9

1

-southeast

4

15

65

13

3

-southwest

2

22

57

16

3

-east central

6

28

60

6

0

-west central

2

37

57

4

0

-northeast

13

43

42

2

0

-northwest

5

22

64

7

2


Flax

pre-emerge

emerge

seedling

stem ext

flowering

5yrAvg. (99-02+06)

9

36

47

8

0

Jun 17/07

7

35

51

7

0

-southeast

5

30

54

11

0

-southwest

16

32

44

8

0

-east central

8

36

52

4

0

-west central

2

44

49

5

0

-northeast

14

50

36

0

0

-northwest

0

58

37

5

0


Canola

pre-emerge

emerge

seedling

rosette

flowering

5yrAvg. (99-02+06)

6

24

48

21

1

Jun 17/07

7

20

48

24

1

-southeast

3

15

44

37

1

-southwest

0

7

37

46

10

-east central

8

17

50

24

1

-west central

1

18

50

31

0

-northeast

16

34

48

2

0

-northwest

4

21

53

22

0


Pulse crops

pre-emerge

emerge

vegetative

flowering

 

5yrAvg. (99-02+06)

2

27

70

1

 

Jun 17/07

2

19

79

0

 

-southeast

3

20

76

1

 

-southwest

0

17

82

1

 

-east central

1

19

80

0

 

-west central

0

19

81

0

 

-northeast

8

34

58

0

 

-northwest

3

18

78

1

 

Fall crops

tillering

jointed

shot blade

heading

dough

5yrAvg. (99-02+06)

4

16

28

46

6

Jun 17/07

5

16

37

38

4

-southeast

3

19

44

33

1

-southwest

0

2

28

61

9

-east central

12

25

40

23

0

-west central

11

3

19

57

10

-northeast

8

50

39

3

0

-northwest

0

8

63

29

0

 



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