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    Saturday, December 16, 2017

1 Year Ago
The majority of the crops were in good to excellent condition.
The recent hot weather was starting to have an effect on the crops - heat stress and flower blast.
Thirty-six per cent of the hay had been baled or made into silage and an additional 27 per cent had been cut.
Some fall rye had been swathed in the southern grainbelt.

Crops are generally in good to excellent condition and are at a normal stage of development, according the Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food's weekly crop report.

Approximately 90 per cent of fall cereal crops are reported to be in good to excellent condition, and 89 per cent are at, or ahead of normal development for this time of year. Over 80 per cent of spring cereal crops are in good to excellent condition, and 75 per cent are at, or ahead of normal development. Flax and canola crops are reported to be at 84 and 78 per cent in good to excellent condition respectively. Sixty-eight per cent are at, or ahead of normal development. Pulse crops are at least 76 per cent in good to excellent condition, with 87 per cent reported as being at, or ahead of normal development for this time of year.

SK Crop Development - July 8/07

 

% Ahead

% Normal

% Behind

Fall Cereals

8

81

11

Spring Cereals

4

71

25

Oilseeds

4

64

32

Pulse Crops

5

82

13

Topsoil moisture conditions deteriorated from last week. Although some drying of surplus moisture took place in a number of regions, the area of short, to very short topsoil moisture increased. Seventy-three per cent of crop land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture. Additionally, 70 per cent of hay and pasture land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture.

A number of areas in the province experienced hailstorms during the past week. While the damage is still being assessed, reports indicate considerable property damage, in addition to crop damage. Early crop damage estimates vary from minimal damage, to 100 per cent. Producers are optimistic that some damaged crops may recover.

The hot weather did allow haying operations to progress. Twenty per cent of the 2007 hay crop has been baled or silaged, with a further 23 per cent lying in the swath. Quality is generally good. Many areas expect to see an average to above average hay crop, except in the southwest where drier conditions will result in a reduced hay yield.

The main sources of crop damage during the past week were hail, disease, drought, heat, and gophers.

Saskatchewan Crop Conditions, July 8, 2007

Winter
Wheat

Fall
Rye

Spring
Wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Triticale

 

% excellent

25

27

19

21

18

18

11

 

% good

63

64

67

66

66

66

58

 

% fair

11

9

13

12

14

15

24

 

% poor

1

0

1

1

2

1

7

 

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 
 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 
 

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Sunflower

Lentil

Pea

Canary
Seed

Chickpea

% excellent

19

15

19

28

32

30

23

12

% good

65

63

63

67

57

58

66

64

% fair

15

18

17

5

11

11

11

23

% poor

1

4

1

0

0

1

0

1

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 

 

South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, &3ase)

SE Crop Development - July 8/07

 

% Ahead

% Normal

% Behind

Fall Cereals

18

70

12

Spring Cereals

11

75

14

Oilseeds

11

74

15

Pulse Crops

12

79

9

The south eastern region saw a lot of hot weather last week with high humidity and some storms.  An average of 8 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 4 mm reported in CD 1b, to an average high of 11 mm reported in CDs 2a and 3ase.  Over 30 mm was reported in the Midale and Moose Jaw areas.  Some areas near Regina saw 25 mm in less than an hour at the beginning of the week.  Localized damage from flooding was reported in CDs 1 and 2a.  Hail damage was reported in the Minton area.  Wind caused lodging in the Indian Head area.  The wind scattered hay swaths in the Ceylon area.  Drought damage was reported in CDs 1a and 2a.  The heat was expected to reduce yields, particularly in flowering crops, but farmers are just not sure by how much.  

While the majority of the crops are in good to excellent condition, the percentage of crops in the fair to poor category increased slightly in almost all crops.  Warm weather has pushed the spring crops ahead in development. 

Topsoil moisture conditions on deteriorated, with 19% of the crop land reported as having short to very short topsoil moisture compared with 5% last week.  Less crop land is considered to be in a surplus moisture situation.  Conditions also deteriorated on hay and pasture land with 17% reported as having short or very short topsoil moisture, compared to 6% last week.  Rain is needed in several areas.

Damage from fungal diseases, including tan spot, net blotch, rust, and ascochyta blight, was reported in all parts of the region.  Fungicide was applied in some areas.  Insect damage came from aphids, flea beetles, diamondback moth larvae, bertha armyworms, and alfalfa weevils. There was some insecticide spraying for diamondback. Wheat midge were not reported in large numbers.  Gophers continued to damage crops in CDs 2b and 3ase.    

Haying operations picked up pace during the past week.  Twenty per cent has been baled or silaged, and a further 22% has been cut.  Quality is generally expected to be good to excellent, with an average to above average crop expected. 

Southeast Saskatchewan Crop Conditions, July 8, 2007

 

Winter
Wheat

Fall
Rye

Spring
Wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Triticale

 

% excellent

40

30

29

30

24

27

0

 

% good

47

67

55

58

56

56

1

 

% fair

12

3

14

11

18

16

99

 

% poor

1

0

2

1

2

1

0

 

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 
 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 
 

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Sun-flower

Lentil

Pea

Canary
Seed

Chickpea

% excellent

21

17

16

24

47

41

36

21

% good

63

51

63

70

41

48

50

53

% fair

15

23

14

6

12

10

14

26

% poor

1

9

7

0

0

1

0

0

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 

 

 

South western Saskatchewan

SW Crop Development - July 8/07

 

% Ahead

% Normal

% Behind

Fall Cereals

8

91

1

Spring Cereals

5

89

6

Oilseeds

7

90

3

Pulse Crops

6

92

2

Most of the past week was hot, windy, and dry in the southwest, with some storms.  An average of 3 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of trace amounts reported in CD 3bn, to an average high of 6 mm reported in CD 3an.  Damage from drought and/or heat was reported in all areas.  Our reporter in the Mortlach area said his thermometer registered 41 degrees Celsius.  Flower blasting took place in pea and canola crops.  It was estimated in the Rush Lake area that the heat may have cut pea and canola yields in half.  Hail damage was reported in all districts except CD 3bn.  Hail in the Spring Valley area did a lot of damage to some crops, as did hail in the Orkney area.  In the Eastend area, it was estimated that some were hailed out 100%.  Wind damage, including scattered hay swaths, was reported in CDs 3asw, 3bs, and 4.  

The condition of all crops deteriorated from last week's figures, except sunflowers.  The percentage of crops in the behind normal development category decreased in all class groups from last week. 

Topsoil moisture conditions deteriorated, with 50% of crop land reported in a short to very short topsoil moisture condition, compared with 5% last week.  Conditions also deteriorated on hay and pasture land with 60% of the land rated as short or very short compared to 13% last week.  Rain is needed soon for crops and pastures.       

Ascochyta blight was reported in CDs 3asw and 3b, and more spraying was being done.  Insect damage came from grasshoppers (CD 3asw), flea beetles (CD 3asw), bertha armyworms (CDs 3asw, 4a), diamondback moth larva (CD 3asw), cutworms (CD 4a), cabbage seedpod weevils (CD 4a), and wheat midge (CD 3asw).  Spraying for bertha armyworms took place in the Viceroy area, and spraying for the cabbage seedpod weevil took place in the Shaunavon and Gull Lake areas.  Gopher damage was reported in most regions.  Over one third of the crop in the Mankota has been damaged by gophers.  Now the holes are causing damage to machines.     

Haying operations are progressing in the southwest with 39% baled or silaged and a further 27% cut.  Quality is expected to be good, though yields are expected to be below average. 

Farmers are also working on their summerfallow.

Southwest Saskatchewan Crop Conditions, July 8, 2007

 

Winter
Wheat

Fall
Rye

Spring
Wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Triticale

 

% excellent

11

29

13

16

3

6

13

 

% good

77

61

67

68

76

79

56

 

% fair

11

10

18

15

16

13

23

 

% poor

1

0

2

1

5

2

8

 

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 
 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 
 

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Sun-flower

Lentil

Pea

Canary
Seed

Chickpea

% excellent

4

9

12

0

14

18

20

9

% good

63

62

64

100

74

64

70

66

% fair

31

27

23

0

12

16

10

24

% poor

2

2

1

0

0

2

0

1

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 

 

East central Saskatchewan

EC Crop Development - July 8/07

 

% Ahead

% Normal

% Behind

Fall Cereals

7

78

15

Spring Cereals

4

59

37

Oilseeds

5

60

35

Pulse Crops

4

73

23

The east central region had some warm days during the past week with some thunderstorms.  An average of 9 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of just under 6 mm reported in CD 5a, to an average high of 11 mm reported in CD 6a.  Over 40 mm was reported in the Humboldt area.  Flooding was reported in localized areas across the region.  Hail was reported in CDs 5b and 6a.  Hail in the Langenburg area was especially damaging to oilseed crops.  In the Foam Lake area, the hail strip was one mile wide and 10 miles long with considerable damage to crops.  Hail in that area also damaged cars and buildings.  South of Wynyard, hail caused some crop damage and broke windows with stones up to 2 inches in diameter.  Hail also damaged buildings in the Jansen area.  Almost all residences sustained hail damage in Allan, as well as a church and many vehicles.  Crop damage is expected to be 25 to 50%.  Wind damage, including flower damage, was reported in CD 6a.  The heat is expected to affect the canola and mustard yields. 

Crop conditions in the east central area showed a variety of changes from the previous week.  Several crops, including durum, triticale, flax, mustard, peas, and chickpeas improved in condition, while others, including oats, canola, lentils, and canary seed maintained condition.  All crop groups pushed ahead in development and showed lower percentages in the behind category.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland have improved as surplus conditions were dried, with 80% of crop land and 73% of hay and pasture land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 65% and 67%, respectively, last week.   

Wheat midge caused crop damage in the Saltcoats area and barley thrips caused damage in the Lumsden area.  The amount of bertha armyworm moths being found in traps is exceeding expectations.  Several fungal diseases were reported in the region, including ascochyta blight, tan spot, and rust.  Fungicide spraying is taking place on some farms.  Gophers caused crop damage in the Imperial area.     

Haying operations are underway with 11% baled or silaged and a further 23% cut.  Quality is generally expected to be good to excellent. 

East Central Saskatchewan Crop Conditions, July 8, 2007

 

Winter
Wheat

Fall
Rye

Spring
Wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Triticale

 

% excellent

29

42

25

30

22

25

45

 

% good

59

55

61

67

66

60

55

 

% fair

11

2

14

3

11

14

0

 

% poor

1

1

0

0

1

1

0

 

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 
 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 
 

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Sunflower

Lentil

Pea

Canary
Seed

Chickpea

% excellent

18

19

36

30

36

43

22

33

% good

71

64

57

70

60

51

66

67

% fair

11

14

7

0

4

6

12

0

% poor

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 

 

West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

WC Crop Development - July 8/07

 

% Ahead

% Normal

% Behind

Fall Cereals

7

88

5

Spring Cereals

0

64

36

Oilseeds

1

60

39

Pulse Crops

0

73

27

The west central region saw some hot weather this past week, along with wind and hail.  An average of 5 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 2 mm reported in CD 7a, to an average high of 6 mm reported in CD 6b.  Localized flooding damage was reported across the region.  Hail and wind damage were reported in many areas across the region.  Hail damage in the Hanley area could be as high as 80%.  Golf-ball sized hail in the Blackstrap area caused damage to crops, buildings, and vehicles.  A plow wind by Delisle caused damage to bins and barns and uprooted trees.  Hail in that storm did cause some crop damage.  Hail went through just south of Perdue and west and east - damage to about one-third of the R.M.  Hail damage was limited in the Rosetown and Harris areas.  Winds in the Harris area blew bins over and broke trees.  Hail damage estimated in the Biggar area range from 5 to 25%.  Also in the Biggar area, a twister flattened a barn, moved bins, and knocked down trees.  Last week was a bit hot for flowering crops.        

Most crops in the west central region maintained or improved in condition during the past week.  Crop development did not change a lot with up to one-third or more of the spring crops still behind normal development.  A general rain will be needed to maintain crop condition.   

Topsoil moisture conditions improved, with 87% of crop land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 79% last week.  The improvement came mostly as surplus areas dried up.  Conditions deteriorated on hay and pasture land with 92% rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 98% last week. 

Wheat midge caused damage in the Rosthern area.  A number of fungal diseases were reported, including sclerotinia, ascochyta blight, tan spot, and rust.    

Cutting and baling the 2007 hay crop is underway with 21% baled or put into silage, and a further 24% cut.  Quality is generally expected to be good to excellent.  Tractors and haybines were getting stuck in the Tramping Lake area.    

Farmers continued to spray late-seeded crops.   

West Central Saskatchewan Crop Conditions, July 8, 2007

 

Winter
Wheat

Fall
Rye

Spring
Wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Triticale

 

% excellent

14

8

24

22

27

25

3

 

% good

81

85

70

71

69

70

87

 

% fair

5

7

6

7

4

5

10

 

% poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 
 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 
 

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Sunflower

Lentil

Pea

Canary
Seed

Chickpea

% excellent

28

22

26

100

39

43

22

5

% good

69

67

65

0

54

56

75

86

% fair

3

10

9

0

7

1

3

9

% poor

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

% very poor

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 

 

North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)

NE Crop Development - July 8/07

 

% Ahead

% Normal

% Behind

Fall Cereals

0

70

30

Spring Cereals

1

53

46

Oilseeds

0

43

57

Pulse Crops

1

56

43

The north eastern region was not as hot as other areas of the province this past week.  An average of 7 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 2 mm reported in CD 9ae, to an average high of 10 mm reported in CD 8a.  Continued damage from earlier flooding was reported across the region.  Some areas are recovering, but others are not expected to.  A small area in RM 431 received over 85 mm of rain in a short time on June 30, causing major flooding.  Hail damage was reported in the Carrot River area, and some places received heavy damage.         

The condition of the barley, flax, canola, mustard, pea, canary seed, and chickpea crops improved during the past week, while the condition of the winter wheat, fall rye, durum , and lentil crops deteriorated somewhat.  Development of spring cereals and oilseeds pushed ahead slightly, but still a large percentage of all crops remain behind in development.    

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved significantly this past week, with 58% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 39% last week.  Most of the increase came as surplus soil dried.  Conditions also improved on hay and pasture land, with 59% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 44% last week.  On hay and pasture land, the increase was due more to short moisture areas receiving rain.   

Cereal leaf diseases were reported in the Star City area.  Some crops were lodged in the Humboldt area.  In the St. Brieux area, some cereals are not emerging or growing well due to tractor compaction of the fields.    

Haying operations are progressing in the northeast with 6% of the 2007 crop baled or made into silage, and a further 18% cut.  Quality is generally expected to be good, though continued wet weather will downgrade that.

There are still many wet spots in most fields in CD 8a.  Herbicide spraying continues in the region.   

Northeast Saskatchewan Crop Conditions, July 8, 2007

 

Winter
Wheat

Fall
Rye

Spring
Wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Triticale

 
 

 

 

 

         

% excellent

26

5

10

2

11

10

3

 

% good

57

37

60

58

58

56

65

 

% fair

17

58

28

36

28

32

27

 

% poor

0

0

2

2

3

2

3

 

% very poor

0

0

0

2

0

0

2

 
 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 
 

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Sunflower

Lentil

Pea

Canary
Seed

Chickpea

       

 

   

 

 

% excellent

9

6

1

5

2

14

1

3

% good

58

60

61

70

64

55

71

58

% fair

32

28

36

15

30

27

27

34

% poor

1

6

1

10

2

3

1

3

% very poor

0

0

1

0

2

1

0

2

 

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 

 

North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

NW Crop Development - July 8/07

 

% Ahead

% Normal

% Behind

Fall Cereals

0

80

20

Spring Cereals

1

78

21

Oilseeds

1

81

18

Pulse Crops

1

84

15

The north western region was windy and hot during the past week.  An average of 3 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in CD 9b, to an average high of 6 mm reported in CD 9aw.  The Hafford area reported 25 mm and flooding damage.  There was some hail damage reported in the Duck Lake area and some wind damage in the Rapid View area. 

Crop conditions remain similar to last week.  Crop development has pushed ahead with a lower percentage in the behind normal category for all crop groups. 

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved slightly as surplus moisture dried up.  Ninety-five per cent of the crop land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 91% last week.  Conditions dried slightly on hay and pasture land with 94% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 97% last week.

Ascochyta blight was reported in the Dorintosh area as was some disease in canola.  Some fungicide spraying is underway.  Gophers were causing damage in the North Battleford area.  

Haying operations are underway in the northwest with 5% of the crop baled or put into silage and 21% of the crop cut.  Quality is expected to be good to excellent.

Mosquitos are brutal in the North Battleford area - even biting in the heat of the day.  Herbicide spraying continues.   

Northwest Saskatchewan Crop Conditions, July 8, 2007

 

Winter
Wheat

Fall
Rye

Spring
Wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Triticale

 

% excellent

33

6

6

n/a

10

7

n/a

 

% good

65

94

89

 

87

87

   

% fair

2

0

5

 

3

6

   

% poor

0

0

0

 

0

0

   

% very poor

0

0

0

 

0

0

   
 

100

100

100

0

100

100

0

 
 

Flax

Canola

Mustard

Sunflower

Lentil

Pea

Canary
Seed

Chickpea

% excellent

25

9

n/a

n/a

n/a

25

n/a

n/a

% good

75

82

     

72

   

% fair

0

8

     

2

   

% poor

0

1

     

1

   

% very poor

0

0

     

0

   
 

100

100

0

0

0

100

0

0

 

 



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