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      Tuesday, October 17, 2017

1 Year Ago
The impact of the hot, dry weather was felt across a significant portion of the province during the past week.

First cut hay was 62 per cent baled or put into silage; hay yield estimates were considered to be average.

Spring cereal crops were 63 per cent heading; flax crops were 65 per cent flowering; canola and mustard crops were 23 per cent podding; pulse crops were  51 per cent podding; and fall crops were 62 per cent at the dough stage.

The warm, dry weather in the past week helped farmers make good haying progress, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food's weekly crop report.

Forty-one per cent of the first cut of hay has been baled or put into silage, up from 20 per cent in the previous week.  The first estimate of the 2007 hay yield indicated that dryland brome/alfalfa is expected to average 1.5 tons per acre, about 50 per cent above the 10 year average. 

Provincial crop development stage reports show the following:  spring cereals are 52 per cent heading; flax crops are 53 per cent flowering; canola and mustard crops are 67 per cent flowering; pulse crop are 51 per cent flowering; and fall cereal crops are 57 per cent at the dough stage. 

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay, and pasture land continue to be generally adequate across the province.  The number of reporters rating topsoil moisture as surplus has decreased to less than six per cent, but the number rating topsoil moisture as short and very short has increased to about 25 per cent.  The drier areas are mainly in the southwest regions. 

Wheat midge was a major source of crop damage during the past week.  Drought and gopher damage are still being reported as the major sources of damage in the southwest regions.  Other sources of crop damage included flooding, hail, bertha armyworms, and diamondback moths.  

South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

The south eastern region was generally hot and dry during the past week, with some localized rains.  An average of 19 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 3 mm reported in Crop District (CD) 2b, to an average high of 49 mm reported in CD 3ase.  Damage from drought was reported in CDs 1a and 2.  Crop damage from the heat was reported in CD 1a, 2b and 2ase.  The heat helped the progress of crop development but is also anticipated to reduce yields.

Spring cereal development in the southeast is 59% at the heading stage, on par with the west central region of the province.  Flax crops are 61% at the flowering stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 90% at or beyond the flowering stage.  Pulse crops are 91% at or beyond the flowering stage.  Fall cereal crops are 75% at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay and pasture land deteriorated slightly.  The adequate category decreased from 78% in the previous week to 74% and the short category increased from 17% to 23 % on crop land. 

After heat stress and drought, wheat midge was the most commonly mentioned source of crop damage in the southeast during the past week.  Diamondback moths have been reported in CD 2b and 3ase along with flea beetles in CD 1b.  There has been some spraying for wheat midge.   

Haying operations made some progress in the southeast with 40% baled or silaged, and a further 27% lying in the swath.  Haying progress has advanced due to the hot and dry weather.  Quality is generally expected to be good to excellent.  Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 1.7 tons per acre.   

South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

The past week was hot and dry in the southwest, which saw crops suffer damage.  An average of 5 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from no rain reported in CDs 3an,3bn, and 4, to an average high of 22 mm reported in CD 3asw.  Drought damage was reported across the region.  Hail damage was reported in CD 4b.  There was some wind damage reported in CD 3asw around Rockglen and CD 3bs around Hazenmore and Shaunavon.   

Spring cereal development in the southwest is 62% at the heading stage.  Flax crops are 72% at the flowering stage, on average the furthest advanced in the province.  Canola and mustard crops are 97% at or beyond the flowering stage, on average the furthest advanced of the province.  Pulse crops are 96% at or beyond the flowering stage, on average only one per cent ahead of the east central for furthest advanced in the province.  Fall cereal crops are 67% at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated this past week.  Twenty-four per cent of reporters rated conditions as adequate this week, compared with 52% last week.   The balance (76%) rate topsoil moisture conditions as short or very short.  Conditions were also drier on hay and pasture land with 16% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared to 42% last week. 

Diseases noted included ascochyta blight and tan spot.  Grasshopper damage was reported around Fife Lake and Lucky Lake.  Damage from gophers was reported across the region.

Haying operations are well underway in the southwest with 59% of the crop baled or put into silage, and a further 27% lying in the swath.  Quality is expected to be good to excellent.  Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 1.1 tons per acre, the lowest regional estimate in the province.   

East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

The east central region saw a mix of hot and dry weather along with spotty rains during the week.  An average of 16 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in CD 6a, to an average high of 40 mm reported in CD 5b.  Wind was reported in CD 6b.  Drought damage was reported around Ituna and Buylea.  Flooding damage was reported in the  Foam Lake area.

Spring cereal development in the east central region is 36% at the heading stage.  Flax crops are 39% at the flowering stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 79% at or beyond the flowering stage.  Pulse crops are 95% at or beyond the flowering stage, on average, just slightly behind the southwest for the furthest advanced in the province.  Fall cereal crops are 56% at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland generally declined, with 73% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared with 80% last week.  Surplus ratings dropped from 17% of reporters to 8% of reporters.  Conditions remained the same on hay and pasture land with 73% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate.  Seventeen per cent of reporters rate hay and pasture topsoil moisture as short or very short. 

Wheat midge was the most common insect damage reported this past week.  Some reports of bertha armyworms and diamondback moths were made.  Diseases included tan spot, rust, and sclerotinia. 

Haying operations are going well, with 30% baled or silaged, and a further 31% cut.  Quality is expected to be good to excellent.  Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 1.6 tons per acre.    

West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region was generally hot this past week, with some local showers.  An average of 6 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from a low of zero mm reported in CD 7, to an average high of 35 mm reported in CD 6b.  Flooding damage was reported in CD 6b around Grandora.  Wind damage was reported in CDs 6b and 7b.   Hail was reported around Cando in CD 7b.  

Spring cereal development in the west central region is 60% at the heading stage, on par with the southeast and southwest regions of the province.  Flax crops are 52% at the flowering stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 92% at or beyond the flowering stage.  Pulse crops are 92% at or beyond the flowering stage.  Fall cereal crops are 47% at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated, with 69% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared with 88% last week.  Thirty per cent of reporters rate crop land topsoil moisture as short or very short.  Conditions are similar on hay and pasture land with 65% rating topsoil moisture as adequate.  Reporters are looking for rain to maintain crop conditions. 

Crop damage by insects was dominated by wheat midge with some reports of bertha armyworms and diamondback moths.   Some spraying for wheat midge has been reported along with diseases in cereals.  Diseases noted were ascochyta blight, tan spot, and smuts. 

Cutting and baling the 2007 hay crop is well underway with 51% baled or silaged, and a further 32% cut.  Quality is generally expected to be good to excellent.  Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 1.7 tons per acre.      

North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)

The north eastern region had a hot week with some localized storms.  An average of 15 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from a low of zero mm reported in CD 8a, to an average high of 39 mm reported in CD 8b.  Flooding damage was reported in CD 8 along with hail in CD 8b around Vonda.           

Spring cereal development in the northeast is 32% at the heading stage.  Flax crops are 37% at the flowering stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 72% at or beyond the flowering stage, on average the least advanced in the province.  Pulse crops are 68% at or beyond the flowering stage, on average the least advanced in the province.  Fall cereal crops are 39% at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved this past week as more area moved from surplus to adequate, with 72% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared with 63% last week.  Conditions also improved on hay and pasture land with 77% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared to 63% last week.  There are still no reports of topsoil moisture conditions being short.    

Crop damage by insects was dominated by wheat midge and reports of tan spot and leaf disease were made in the past week.

Good haying progress was made with 22% of the 2007 crop baled or silaged, and a further 36% lying in the swath.  Quality generally ranges from fair to excellent.  Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 1.6 tons per acre.     

North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The north western region was generally sunny and warm during the past week.  An average of 13 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from a low of zero mm reported in CD 9b, to an average high of 50 mm reported in CD 9b.  Wind damage, including lodging, was reported across the region.  Localized hail damage was reported in 9aw and heat stress was reported in CD 9b.

Spring cereal development in the northwest is 53% at the heading stage.  Flax crops are 46% at the flowering stage.  Canola and mustard crops are 87% at or beyond the flowering stage.  Pulse crops are 82% at or beyond the flowering stage.  Fall cereal crops are 52% at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated slightly from last week, with 84% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate and 13% as short, up from 2% reporting short conditions last week.  Conditions changed slightly on hay and pasture land with 89% of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared to 94% last week.  The short area increased from 3% to 10%.

Wheat midge and grasshoppers were reported as the source of crop damage.  Ascochyta blight and sclerotinia were reported in CD 9b and there has been some spraying for disease in the canola and pea crops.     

Haying operations are well underway in the northwest with 29% of the crop baled or silaged and 27% lying in the swath.  Quality is expected to be good to excellent.  Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 1.7 tons per acre.  

Saskatchewan Crop Development

(per cent at each stage)

Cereals

tillering

jointed

shot blade

heading

soft dough

firm dough

5yrAvg.
(99-02+06)

1

10

31

51

6

0

Jul 15/07

2

10

33

52

3

0

-southeast

1

10

26

59

4

0

-southwest

1

6

25

62

6

0

-east central

4

14

45

35

2

0

-west central

2

7

30

60

1

0

-northeast

6

18

43

32

1

0

-northwest

2

8

36

53

1

0

Flax

emerge

vegetative

stem ext

flowering

boll

5yrAvg.
(99-02+06)

0

10

52

36

2

Jul 15/07

0

3

40

54

3

-southeast

0

3

33

61

3

-southwest

0

5

17

72

6

-east central

0

1

57

39

3

-west central

0

7

41

52

0

-northeast

0

9

53

37

1

-northwest

0

23

22

46

9

Canola & Mustard

emerge

seedling

rosette

flowering

podding

5yrAvg.
(99-02+06)

0

2

21

67

9

Jul 15/07

0

3

13

67

17

-southeast

0

1

8

68

23

-southwest

0

2

31

66

1

-east central

1

2

18

70

9

-west central

0

1

7

72

20

-northeast

0

6

22

66

6

-northwest

0

6

7

77

10

Pulse crops

emerge

vegetative

flowering

podding

5yrAvg.
(99-02+06)

0

16

63

21

Jul 15/07

1

7

51

41

-southeast

0

9

54

37

-southwest

0

4

34

62

-east central

0

5

68

27

-west central

0

8

68

24

-northeast

1

31

60

8

-northwest

9

9

71

11

Fall crops

shot blade

heading

dough

ripe

5yrAvg.
(99-02+06)

1

31

64

4

Jul 15/07

6

34

57

3

-southeast

7

16

75

2

-southwest

5

21

67

7

-east central

1

55

44

0

-west central

1

47

47

5

-northeast

5

56

39

0

-northwest

43

5

52

0



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