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       Friday, October 20, 2017
1 Year Ago

Pre-harvest estimates indicated a production of 24.5 million tonnes of grains, oilseeds, and specialty crops. Recent heat and lack of precipitation lowered yield expectations.

One per cent of the 2006 crop was combined, and a further two per cent was lying in the swath or ready to straight combine.

Ninety-two per cent of the first-cut, and three per cent of the second cut hay had been baled or put into silage.

Fewer than 20 per cent of reporters rated topsoil moisture as adequate.

The deadline to select winterkill coverage for fall rye and winter wheat is August 25. For more information on Saskatchewan Crop Insurance's fall-seeded crop program, visit http://www.saskcropinsurance.com/ or contact your local customer service office at 1-888-935-0000.

Pre-harvest crop production estimates indicate that Saskatchewan farmers are expected to harvest 23.9 million tonnes of grains, oilseeds, and specialty crops, according to the crop reporters who provide the information for Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food's weekly crop report.  This is close to the ten-year average production.  Yield projections will continue to be monitored throughout the harvest period and new estimates will be provided if production estimates change significantly.  Statistics Canada's July production estimate will be released on August 23, 2007.

Crop reporters had expected better yields earlier in the season, but the recent heat and lack of precipitation have impacted expectations.  There is yield variability both at the local and regional levels.  Many crop reporters indicate that they will have a better read on yields once combines are in the field.   

Harvest operations are just getting underway, with less than one per cent of the 2007 crop combined and two per cent lying in swath or ready to straight combine.  Crops being combined include winter wheat, oats, barley, fall rye, canola, mustard, lentils, and peas. 

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay, and pasture land continue to deteriorate.  Less than 40 per cent of the reporters rate topsoil moisture as adequate.  Southern areas report highest percentage of very short topsoil moisture ratings. 

The hot, dry weather has allowed for continued haying progress in many areas.  Eighty-three per cent of the first-cut and less than one per cent of the second-cut hay crop has been baled or put into silage.  Over half of reporters do not expect to harvest a second cut.

Heat and drought stress caused the most crop damage during the past week.  Other sources of damage include hail, wind, insects, disease, and gophers.

South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

The south eastern region was hot and muggy last week. An average of 3 mm of precipitation was reported, with the highest average, 6 mm, reported in Crop District (CD) 2b.  The maximum for the region was 13 mm reported in the Wilcox area.   Heat and drought stress were reported across the region.  There was some hail damage northwest of Indian Head on the 28th.     

Less than one-half of one per cent of the south eastern 2007 crop has been combined, with 1% lying in the swath or ready to be straight combined.  Crops being combined include winter wheat, barley, fall rye, lentils, and field peas.  Oats were cut for greenfeed in the Odessa area, and some barley was made into silage in the Ceylon area. 

Crop yield estimates indicate that the southeast could see the highest average chickpea yield and the lowest average triticale yield in the province.  The fire hazard is becoming very high and precautions will need to occur during harvest operations. 

Reporters indicated that crops were maturing and turning under heat stress.  Yields have deteriorated in the last three weeks.  Some farmers are expecting low bushel weights and shriveled crops.   

Topsoil moisture conditions deteriorated this past week.  Sixty-seven per cent of crop land is rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture compared with 47% last week.  Seventy-six per cent of the hay and pasture land is rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture conditions, compared to 54% last week.

Disease damage came from stag head in canola (Lampman area), rust (Kennedy area), ascochyta blight (Tantallon area), anthracnose (Marquis area), and glume blotch (Moosomin area).  Insect damage came from wheat midge (Kennedy, Moosomin), diamondback moth larvae (Lampman, Moosomin, Montmartre) bertha army worms (Moosomin, Fillmore) aphids (Lampman, Broadview, Fillmore, Marquis), and sawflies (Kennedy).  Some insecticide spraying was done, primarily for diamondback moth larvae.  Some lodging was reported in the Moosomin area.   

First-cut haying operations continue in the southeast with 75% baled or silaged, and 17% lying in the swath.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  Many reporters do not expect a second cut in their area.  Those that are cutting a second time report that 7% of the second cut has been cut.

Pastures are in poor shape.  Wheat was being desiccated in the Grenfell area, and peas desiccated in the Ceylon area. 

South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

The past week was hot and dry in the southwest.  An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, with the highest average, 6 mm, reported in CD 3asw.  The maximum for the region was 14 mm reported in the Rockglen area.  Heat and drought stress were reported across the region.  Wind damage was reported in CDs 3asw, 3b, and 4a.  Hail damage was reported in the Rockglen, Lucky Lake, Tyner, and Eastend areas.  A swath of hail three to five miles wide went from Alberta to near Elrose and Kyle.  Damage to crops and buildings is substantial along its path.  The west side of RM 226 saw a weekend storm which dumped between 38 and 100 inches of rain with some crops totaled off.

Two per cent of the 2007 south western crop has been combined, and a further 7% is lying in the swath or ready to be straight combined.  Crops being combined include winter wheat, spring wheat, oats, barley, fall rye, canola, mustard, lentils, and peas.  Farmers are advised to keep water nearby to fight combine fires. 

Reporters indicate that crops are suffering from heat stress and that yield potential has been reduced, substantially in some cases.  South western triticale is expected to show the highest provincial yield, while spring wheat, durum, oats, barley, fall rye, flax, canola, mustard, and field peas are expected to have the lowest provincial averages.     

Topsoil moisture conditions continued to deteriorate this past week, with 93% of the crop land rated as having topsoil moisture as short or very short, compared with 54% last week.  On hay and pasture land, 96% of the land is rated with short or very short topsoil moisture conditions, compared to 89% last week.

Insect damage came from grasshoppers (Pipe Lake, Lisieux, Rockglen, Lucky Lake, Maple Creek). Gophers caused crop damage in many areas in CDs 3sw, 3bs, 3bn, and 4a.

Haying operations are continuing in the southwest with 96% of the first-cut hay either baled or put into silage, and a further 3% lying in the swath.  Quality is expected to be good.  Many do not expect a second cut because of the hot, dry conditions.

Pastures are drying up.  Lentils were being desiccated in the Swift Current area.  Dugouts are getting very low in the Maple Creek area. 

East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

The east central region was generally hot and humid during the past week.  An average of 6 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, with CD 5 reporting the highest average at 9 mm.  The maximum for the region was 35 mm reported in the Lebret area.  Heat and drought stress as well as some wind damage were reported across the region.  Hail damage was reported in the Jedburgh, Veregin, Abernethy, and Balcarres areas.  Lodging of crops from the storms was reported in the Jedburgh and Veregin areas.   

Some combining of fall crops has started in the east central region.  Yield estimates of lentils and field peas are the highest regional averages in the province. 

The extreme heat is affecting crops, and some reporters feel that the heat damage is more severe than last year.  The reserve moisture has held crops up reasonably well, but that is getting used up.  Heads are not filling in cereal crops, and bushel weights could be light.  If the heat continues, some farmers will face a tough decision as to whether to invest money for insecticide spraying.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated, with 45% of the crop land rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture, compared with 31% last week.  Conditions also deteriorated on hay and pasture land with 48% of the land rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture conditions, compared to 31% last week.

Insect damage came from bertha armyworms (Foam Lake, Quill Lake, Jansen, Bradwell) aphids (Quill Lake, Kelvington, Leroy), wheat midge (Neudorf, Ituna, Quill Lake, Kelvington, Jansen, Leroy), and diamondback moth larvae (Stockholm, Insinger, Foam Lake, Lumsden, Craik, Jansen, Young, Humboldt).  Some insecticide spraying was done last week.  Disease pressures came from rust (Insinger, Leroy), net blotch (Holdfast), and tan spot (Leroy).  The Insinger area also reported aster yellows in the canola.  Gophers are still abundant in the Bethune area.  

First-cut haying operations are progressing, with 76% baled or silaged, and a further 16% lying in the swath.  Quality is expected to be generally good.  Many reporters do not expect to see a second cut in their areas. 

Peas were being desiccated in the Neudorf and Abernethy areas. 

West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region was also hot and humid this past week.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, with CD 7a reporting the highest average at 3 mm.  The maximum for the region was 15 mm reported in the Marengo area.  Heat and drought stress were reported across the region, with some localized wind damage.  Hail damage was reported in the Eston and Marengo areas.  The hail storms did a lot of damage, including blowing away grain bins, damaging houses, moving bales, breaking trees, and flattening crops.     

One-half of one per cent of the west central 2007 crop has been swathed or is ready to be straight combined.  While most of the activity is in the fall crops, some canola, mustard, lentils, and peas are also ready to harvest.  Yield estimates of mustard are the highest regional yield in the province, while estimated yields of winter wheat, fall rye, and canary seed are the lowest in the province.

Reporters say that crops are advancing rapidly in the heat and that yields are dropping.   

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland continued to deteriorate, with 19% of the crop land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 46% last week.  Conditions also deteriorated on hay and pasture land with 18% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 48% last week.     

Insect damage came from wheat midge (Strongfield, Hanley, Kerrobert), diamondback moth larvae (Strongfield, Conquest, Herschel, Denzil), bertha armyworms (Hanley, Biggar, Tramping Lake, Cando), and sawflies (Battleford).  Insecticide spraying is underway.   

Cutting and baling the 2007 hay crop is nearing completion with 91% baled or silaged, and a further 6% lying in the swath.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  A number of reporters do not expect to harvest a second cut.  Two per cent of the second cut has been baled or put into silage.

Pulse crops are being desiccated in the Strongfield, Grandora, Hanley, and Denzil areas.  Pastures are turning brown in the Biggar area.      

North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)

The north eastern region had a hot, dry week.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, with the highest average of 2 mm reported in CD 8b.  The maximum for the region was 8 mm reported in the Humboldt area.  Heat stress was reported in several areas across the region.  Drought damage was reported in the Middle Lake and Alvena areas.   Some crops lodged in the Humboldt area.

No harvest operations have started in the northeast.  Current yield estimates indicate that north eastern yields are the highest in the province for winter wheat, fall rye, and canary seed, and lowest yields in the province for lentils and chickpeas.

Reporters indicate that crops are starting to burn and mature at a faster pace than expected.  

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated this past week, with 18% of the land rated as having short topsoil moisture, compared with 1% last week.  Conditions also deteriorated on hay and pasture land with 13% of the land rated as having short topsoil moisture, compared to 0% last week.     

Insect damage came from bertha armyworms (Tisdale), diamondback moth larvae (Tisdale), aphids (Lake Lenore, Paddockwood), and wheat midge (Codette, Humboldt, Paddockwood).  Some insecticide was applied.   

Haying operations are progressing and 85% of the 2007 crop is baled or silaged, with a further 11% lying in the swath.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  Many reporters do not expect a second cut in their area.  Eight per cent of the second cut has been cut.

North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The north western region had a hot, dry week.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, with the highest average of 2 mm reported in CD 9b.  The maximum for the region was 13 mm reported in the Glaslyn area.  Wind, heat and drought stress were reported across the region. 

Harvesting is just getting underway in the northwest with some fall rye being swathed.  Current yield estimates indicate that north eastern yields are the highest in the province for spring wheat, durum, oats, barley, flax, and canola.

The continuous heat is damaging the crops as blossoms are falling and crops are turning colour. 

Topsoil moisture conditions deteriorated this past week.  Sixty per cent of the crop land and 62% of the hay and pasture land are rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture conditions, compared with 29% and 32%, respectively, last week.   

Insect damage came from grasshoppers (Debden, Dorintosh, Pierceland), aphids (Debden), and wheat midge (Speers).  Leaf disease was reported in the Shellbrook area and sclerotinia in the Dorintosh area.  Gophers continued to cause crop damage in the North Battleford area. 

Haying operations are progressing with 73% of the crop baled or silaged, and a further 16% lying in the swath.  Quality is expected to be good. Eight per cent has been cut on the second hay crop.  Many reporters do not expect to see a second cut in their area. 

Saskatchewan Crop Production Estimate

July 29, 2007

2007

1997-2006 average

acres*

prod'n

acres

prod'n

'000

bu/ac

'000 t

'000

bu/ac

'000 t

winter wheat

 420

39.8

 455.0

 147.5

36.2

 147.5

spring wheat

7 275

29.8

5 900.0

9 900.0

29.9

8 073.6

durum

3 990

26.7

2 900.0

4 581.0

29.7

3 696.6

oats

2 020

65.0

2 025.0

1 543.5

58.4

1 391.9

barley

3 950

49.7

4 275.0

4 128.0

48.0

4 334.5

fall rye

 100

31.5

 80.0

 146.0

31.7

 121.0

triticale

 30

26.6

 20.0

 27.5

36.4

 24.9

flax

1 020

19.9

 515.0

1 262.0

18.1

 588.5

canola

7 080

26.2

4 200.0

5 729.0

23.8

3 142.9

field peas

2 870

31.4

2 450.0

2 177.0

29.3

1 730.6

subtotal

28 755

 22 820

29 641.5

23 252.0

lb/ac

lb/ac

mustard

 340

  908

140.0

 500.5

 757

 173.1

lentils

1 265

 1 046

 600.0

1 368.0

1 070

 674.7

canary seed

 390

 1 074

190.0

 419.5

 876

 165.3

chick peas

 350

  945

150.0

 319.6

 1 117

 153.9

Total

31 100

23 900.0

32 249.1

24 419.0

* estimated harvested area



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