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      Tuesday, October 17, 2017

1 Year Ago
Eight per cent of the 2006 crop was combined and 14 per cent was swathed or ready to straight combine.

Yield estimates were lower relecting loss due to the hot, dry weather.

Ninety-six per cent of the first-cut hay crop, and 14 per cent of the second-cut was baled or made into silage.

Insects, wind, drought, and hail were the main source of crop damage.

Seven per cent of the 2007 crop has been combined, and 15 per cent has been swathed or is ready to straight combine, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food’s weekly crop report.

The five-year (2002-06) average for this time of year is three per cent combined and six per cent swathed or ready to straight combine.

Harvest operations are most advanced in the southwest, where 21 per cent of the crop has been combined. This is followed by the southeast with nine per cent combined. The fall rye crop is 53 per cent combined, winter wheat is 35 per cent combined, peas are 40 per cent combined, and lentils are 33 per cent combined.

Crop reporters have revised yield estimates down slightly from two weeks ago, reflecting some loss due to the hot, dry weather.

Ninety-four per cent of the first-cut hay crop and 18 per cent of the second-cut has been baled or put into silage. Quality is generally expected to be good. Over half of the crop reporters do not expect a second cut of hay in their respective districts.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay, and pasture land improved from last week, and were reported as adequate on 43 per cent of the total area. The southern regions continue to report the highest percentage of very short moisture conditions.

Insects, wind, and drought were the main source of crop damage during the past week. In addition, last week’s showers also caused quality loss in the crops.

Saskatchewan Harvest Progress at August 12, 2007

% In Swath or Ready to Str.Cmb.

% Combined

Average

Average

2007

2006

2002-06

2007

2006

2002-06

Winter wheat

29

16

18

35

76

33

Spring wheat

8

9

3

1

2

0

Durum

13

13

4

2

4

1

Oats

4

5

3

1

3

1

Barley

10

9

4

4

4

1

Fall rye

24

12

24

53

66

34

Triticale

25

15

8

13

15

7

Flax

1

1

0

0

1

0

Canola

25

24

10

2

2

1

Mustard

27

24

12

14

16

5

Sunflowers

0

6

1

0

0

0

Lentils

34

30

15

33

30

10

Peas

22

24

15

40

37

17

Canary seed

5

3

1

0

0

0

Chickpeas

11

7

3

6

12

3

   Total

15

14

6

7

8

3

South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

The south eastern region saw cooler weather last week with some wind and showers.  The rain will help later-seeded crops.  An average of 26 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 20 mm reported in Crop District (CD) 1b, to an average high of 45 mm, reported in CD 3ase.  Over 50 mm was reported in the Moose Jaw area, where the rain shattered and bleached crops.  Damage from wind and drought was reported across the region.  Hail damage was reported in the Ceylon area.  Crops were lodged from the wind, rain, and hail.  The rain bleached and stained crops in the Lampman and Montmartre areas.  Swaths were scattered in several areas.            

Nine per cent of the 2007 south eastern crop has been combined and 19% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Fall crops are furthest ahead with 56% of the winter wheat and 48% of the fall rye crop combined.   Other combining progress includes 12% of the barley, 4% of the canola, 12% of the mustard, 35% of the lentils, 41% of the peas, and 6% of the chickpeas.

South eastern crop yields are expected to be the highest in the province for sunflowers, and the lowest for triticale and chickpeas.

Bushel weights on early harvested crops are disappointing in some areas.  Weed growth in crops will hamper harvesting. 

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved this past week.  Fifty-six per cent of the crop land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 14% last week.  Conditions also improved on hay and pasture land, with 43% of land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 11% last week.

The Briercrest area has large cracks in the ground from the lack of precipitation.   

Insect damage came from aphids, saw flies, wheat midge, flea beetles, diamondback moth larvae, bertha armyworms, and grasshoppers.  Disease pressure came from glume blotch, stag head, and rust.   

Farmers are trying to finish first-cut haying operations in the southeast.  Ninety-four per cent has been baled or made into silage.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  Second-cut haying has begun in some areas with 50% baled or put into silage across the region.  Many reporters do not expect a second cut in their area.  

South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

In the southwest, it was a bit cooler this past week with some showers.  An average of 17 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 12 mm reported in CD 4b, to an average high of 21 mm reported in CD 3an.  Over 30 mm was reported in the Mortlach and Ponteix areas.  Drought stress, as well as wind damage, was reported across the region.  Winds lodged crops and scattered swaths.  Hail damage was also reported in the Admiral, Shaunavon, Webb, Gull Lake, Tompkins, and Maple Creek areas.  There was some flooding in the Kyle area.     

Twenty-one per cent of the 2007 south western crop has been combined and a further 22% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Fall crops are furthest ahead with 61% of the winter wheat crop and 70% of the fall rye crop combined.  Other combining progress includes 12% of the oats, 13% of the barley, 17% of the triticale, 18% of the canola, 28% of the mustard, 49% of the lentils, and 75% of the peas.

South western crop yields are expected to be the lowest in the province for spring wheat, durum, oats, barley, flax, canola, mustard, lentils, peas, and canary seed.

Grain samples are weighing light.  Heat stress has made for high green seed count in yellow peas.  Though rain showers damaged crop quality in some areas, they did help in reducing the fire hazard.  Crops were bleached in CD 3bs.  Rain has caused weed growth in almost-ready-to-harvest crops, making for potentially challenging harvest conditions.   

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved this past week, with 35% of the land rated as having very short topsoil moisture, compared with 58% last week.  Conditions also improved on hay and pasture land, with 48% of the land rated as having very short topsoil moisture, compared to 69% last week 

Reporters cited damage from sawflies, and early swathing is underway. Other insect damage came from grasshoppers and Lygus bugs.  Large populations of gophers continue to damage crops.  A combine fire damaged crops in the Maple Creek area.  Also in the Maple Creek area there were two bad grass fires on Aug. 7th.        

Haying operations are struggling to wind down in the southwest with 96% of the first-cut hay either baled or put into silage.  Quality is expected to be good.  Reporters do not expect to see a second cut in the area. 

East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

The east central region saw thunderstorms, winds and hail during the past week.  An average of 21 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 17 mm reported in CD 6a to an average high of 24 mm reported in CD 5b.  The Kamsack and Veregin area recorded 50 mm or more of rain.  Hail, wind, and drought damage were reported across the region.  Damage from flooding was reported in the Ituna, Veregin, and Okla areas.  Wind and rain caused lodging, plus the wind scattered some swaths.  The hail in the Kelliher area at the end of July caused 89 to 90% damage in some fields.  Hail damage was widespread in the Preeceville area.  In the Kamsack area, there was 100% hail damage in many fields, and south of Kamsack, hail damage was severe for a 10-mile wide spread.  In the Kuroki area, the southern part of the RM had extensive hail losses.   

Two per cent of the 2007 east central crop has been combined and 12% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Fall crops are furthest ahead with 19% of the winter wheat and 29% of the fall rye crops combined.   Fourteen per cent of the lentils and 13% of the peas have been combined.

East central yields are expected to be the highest in the province for winter wheat and lentils.  In the Holdfast area, second growth and weeds coming in will make for a more challenging harvest. 

Topsoil moisture conditions improved, with 56% of the crop land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 36% last week.  Fifty-five per cent of hay and pasture land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 42% last week.  

Insect damage this past week came from bertha armyworms, aphids, diamondback moth larvae, wheat midge larvae, and sawflies.  Spraying continues for bertha armyworms and diamondback moth larvae – in some cases, it is the second spray.  Diseases included sclerotinia, aster yellows, and rust.

First-cut haying operations are nearing completion, with 93% baled or silaged.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  Some progress has started on a second cut, with 5% reported baled or put into silage.

West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region was not as hot this past week, with some showers.  An average of 14 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 12 mm reported in CD 7a, to an average high of 14 mm reported in CDs 6b and 7b.  Over 45 mm was reported in the Conquest area.  Drought and wind damage was reported in CDs 6b and 7b.  The winds and rain lodged crops.  Hail was reported in the Harris area.  Frost was reported in the Rosetown area.

The rain is expected to help the later-seeded crops and the canola, but it caused quality damage to the peas and lentils.  There was hail north of Zealandia.  There were small hail storms in the Rosetown area.            

Three per cent of the 2007 west central crop has been combined and a further 17% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Fall crops are furthest ahead with 54% of the fall rye and 44% of the winter wheat crops combined.  Sixteen per cent of the peas and the lentils have been combined.

West central yields are expected to be the highest in the province for peas, and the lowest for winter wheat, fall rye, and sunflowers.

In the Hanley area, a lot of the wheat has white caps on it and the canola seeds have shrunk in size.    

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved, with 30% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 15% last week.  Conditions also improved on hay and pasture land, with 26% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 18% last week. 

Insect damage came from sawflies, wheat midge larvae, diamondback moth larvae, bertha armyworms, flea beetles, and aphids.  Spraying continues for bertha armyworms. 

The rain stalled haying operations for the most part at 95% complete.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  Twenty-three per cent of the second-cut hay crop has been baled or put into silage.

Desiccation of pulse crops is underway.   

North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae) 

The north eastern region was cooler and wetter during the past week.  An average of 22 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 17 mm reported in CD 8b, to an average high of 33 mm reported in CD 9ae.  Over 45 mm was reported in the Arborfield area.  The rain will help fill later-seeded crops.  Localized wind and drought damage was reported in CD 8a.

Less than one per cent of the 2007 north eastern crop has been combined and a further 4% has been swathed or is ready to straight combine.  Fall crops are furthest ahead with 1% of the fall rye and 3% of the winter wheat crops combined.  One per cent of the spring wheat and barley has been combined.

North eastern yields are expected to be the highest in the province for spring wheat, oats, barley, fall rye, triticale, canola, peas, chickpeas, and canary seed.

Topsoil moisture conditions improved this past week, with 73% of the crop, hay and pasture land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with about 52% last week.   

Crop reporters cited damage from bertha armyworms, diamondback moth larvae, and aphids, and some insecticide application is underway.  Some crops have already been sprayed twice for bertha armyworms.  In some areas, there is a lot of damage from wheat midge.         

Haying operations are winding down with 97% of the first-cut baled or put into silage.  Quality is generally expected to be good.  Eleven per cent of the second-cut hay crop has been baled or made into silage. 

Crop desiccation has started. 

North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The northwest had cooler temperatures this past week.  An average of 22 mm of precipitation was reported across the region.  More rain is needed in some areas for the second cut of hay and late-seeded crops.  Over 35 mm was reported in the Turtleford area.  Wind and drought damage was reported across the region.  There was some flooding damage in the Spiritwood area.   

Less than one half of one per cent of the 2007 crop has been combined, and 7% of the crop has been swathed or is ready to be straight combined.  Two per cent of the peas have been combined. 

North western yields are expected to be the highest in the province for durum, flax, and mustard.  The hot temperatures are anticipated to have reduced yields.         

Topsoil moisture conditions improved with last week’s rains.  Forty-seven per cent of crop land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 18% last week.  Thirty-seven per cent of the hay and pasture land is reported as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 23% last week.   

Insect damage came from bertha armyworms, grasshoppers, Lygus bugs, wheat midge larvae, aphids, and diamondback moth larvae.  Insecticide spraying is underway for bertha armyworms.  Rust was reported in the North Battleford and Spiritwood areas.  Sclerotinia is reported in the Dorintosh area.  Gophers are becoming very numerous north east of North Battleford.           

Haying operations are coming along in the northwest with 91% of the first-cut baled or put into silage.  Quality is expected to be good.  Many reporters do not Many reporters do not expect to see a second cut in their area.



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