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       Friday, October 20, 2017

1 Year Ago

All areas of the province experienced good harvest progress - with a total of 62 per cent of the harvested. 

Wind caused the majority of the crop damage.  Other concerns included bleaching, damage from wheat midge, and field and machinery fires.

Saskatchewan farmers have 44 per cent of the 2007 crop harvested, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food’s weekly crop report.

This figure increased from 27 per cent last week, and is ahead of the five-year (2002 -2006) average of 31 per cent combined.

All areas of the province experienced good harvest progress this past week. Harvest is furthest advanced in the southwest, where 81 per cent of the crop is combined. It is least advanced in the northwest where only eight per cent has been combined due to the high amounts of precipitation received during the past week.

The fall rye crop is 94 per cent harvested, while the winter wheat crop is 92 per cent harvested. Ninety-one per cent of the 2007 lentil crop, 83 per cent of the pea crop, and 79 per cent of the triticale crops have been combined to date. Crop reporters noted that less than 75 per cent of the other crops have been combined so far. 

With 60 per cent of the durum crop combined, crop reporters estimated that 36 per cent will grade No. 1 CWAD and 43 per cent grade No. 2 CWAD. The 10-year crop report average is 41 per cent 1CWAD and 27 per cent 2CWAD. Light bushel weights seem to be one of the primary downgrading factors.

Winds caused the majority of crop damage this past week, including scattering swaths and shelling of ripe grain. Reporters also expressed concern about bleaching, staining, sprouting, damage from wheat midge, and high fire hazard.

SCIC Crop Report – September 2007

The deadline to seed fall rye and winter wheat and be eligible for winterkill insurance is September 15. Winterkill is not an insurable cause of loss for crops seeded in the fall of 2007 if winterkill insurance was not selected by August 25.

September 30 is the deadline to file Forage Declarations. It is also the deadline to register forage yield-loss claims or request and extension of insurance on forage acres. Forage claims submitted after October 1 will have indemnities reduced by 25 per cent. No claims will be accepted after November 15.

October 1 is also the deadline to harvest all varieties of potatoes.

If you have any questions regarding the above deadlines, contact Crop Insurance at 1-888-935-0000.


South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

South eastern harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

97

88

Spring wheat

50

26

Durum

64

30

Oats

39

25

Barley

66

45

Fall rye

99

90

Triticale

0

0

Flax

8

2

Canola

58

38

Mustard

73

67

Sunflowers

0

0

Lentils

94

81

Peas

93

87

Canary seed

16

9

Chickpeas

28

28

Total

57

38

The south eastern region had a warm and dry week with some windy days.  An average of only1 mm of precipitation was reported, with the average high of 3 mm reported in CD 1a.  Wind damage was reported throughout the region, including lodging and scattering of swaths.  Continued drought damage was reported in CD 1a.  Frost was reported in the Stoughton and Whitewood areas.  Reporters mentioned bleaching of wheat crops.   

Fifty-seven per cent of the 2007 south eastern crop has been harvested and a further 24% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  The harvest of fall crops is almost complete, as is the harvest of peas and lentils. 

With 64% of the durum harvested, crop reporters estimated that between 10% and 51% will fall into the top grade.  Grades are projected to be lower on the western side of the region.  Heat stress and insect damage are blamed for the downgrading.   

Topsoil moisture conditions were drier this past week.  Fifty-three per cent of the crop land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 64% last week.  Thirty-seven per cent of the hay and pasture land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 49% last week. 

Insect damage came from grasshoppers, sawflies, aphids, and wheat midge.  Ascochyta blight continued to cause crop damage in CD 1b.  Blackbirds damaged oats in the Whitewood area.  Migratory waterfowl are beginning to move onto crops.  

Pastures are becoming very poor in some areas and rain is needed for improvement.       

Winter wheat seeding has begun in the Moosomin, Grenfell, and Montmartre areas.  Some harrowing, baling of straw, and desiccation took place.  


South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

South western harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

99

92

Spring wheat

79

56

Durum

73

52

Oats

78

49

Barley

85

66

Fall rye

99

77

Triticale

95

77

Flax

19

2

Canola

95

95

Mustard

95

82

Sunflowers

0

0

Lentils

95

88

Peas

98

94

Canary seed

19

5

Chickpeas

59

24

Total

81

63

The southwest had generally good harvest weather this past week though with some strong winds.  An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported, with an average high of 3 mm reported in CD 3bn.  Wind damage, including scattering of swaths, was reported in CDs 3b and 4a.  Drought damage was reported in CDs 3asw, 3bs, 3bn, and 4.  There were reports of bleaching and light bushel weights.     

Eighty-one per cent of the 2007 south western crop has been harvested and a further 13% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Harvesting of fall crops, lentils and peas is almost complete.   Some farmers in the southwest have completed harvest. With 64% of the durum harvested, crop reporters estimated that between 40% and 60% will fall into the top grade.  Light bushel weight is expected to be the primary cause of downgrading.

In the Rush Lake area, canola crops are yielding only 10 to 15 bushels per acre.  In the Lucky Lake area, crop insurance claims will be filed for durum, lentils, and peas because of poor yields.       

Topsoil moisture conditions continue to dry with 68% of the crop land rated as having very poor topsoil moisture, compared with 51% last week.  Three-quarters of the hay and pasture land is rated as having very poor topsoil moisture, compared to 62% last week.  Rain will be welcome as soon as harvest is complete.  Livestock water supplies are short in the Orkney and Mankota areas.  Pastures are becoming sparse in the Gull Lake area, and producers may soon have to bring their livestock home for feeding.   

Insect damage came from sawflies and grasshoppers.  In the Stewart Valley area, damage from sawflies is expected to cause up to 20% loss.  Gophers continue their assault on crops.  It is estimated that they took up to 30% of the yield in the Gull Lake area. 

Two weeks ago a pasture fire in the Central Butte area burned about 200 acres, moving fast in the dry grass.  This past week, there was a fire in the Cadillac area.  The fire hazard is also high in the Swift Current and Maple Creek areas.  Kochia is proving to be a challenging weed in many areas.  Some farmers were cutting and baling it to get it off their land.

Winter wheat was being seeded in the Coderre and Admiral areas.  Farmers were also baling straw and hauling bales.    


East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

East central harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

90

59

Spring wheat

21

5

Durum

28

6

Oats

12

1

Barley

38

13

Fall rye

87

74

Triticale

10

0

Flax

4

2

Canola

32

11

Mustard

50

18

Sunflowers

0

0

Lentils

87

44

Peas

80

52

Canary seed

20

0

Chickpeas

9

9

Total

32

12

The east central region had warmer temperatures with some winds and scattered showers during the past week.  An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, with an average high of 3 mm reported in CD 5.  Wind damage was reported in many areas across the region, including scattering swaths and shelling ripe crops.  Frost was reported in the Kelvington, Ituna, Holdfast, and Leroy areas.  Sprouting of barley crops was a concern in the Kuroki area.  Also in the Kuroki area, crops that were hailed out are turning green with new growth.     

Almost one third of the 2007 east central crop has been harvested and a further 39% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Harvesting is nearing completion for winter wheat, fall rye, lentils, and peas. 

With just over one-quarter of the durum harvested, crop reporters estimated 0% to 28% will fall into the top grade.     

Topsoil moisture conditions are drier with 28% of the crop land rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture, compared with 15% last week.  Just over one third of the hay and pasture land are reported as having short or very short topsoil moisture, compared to 18% last week. 

Insect damage came from flea beetles and sawflies.  Wheat midge damage has downgraded wheat crops across the region.  Mildew damaged crops in the Kelvington area.  Geese and gophers damaged crops in the Leroy area.

Winter wheat is being seeded in the Holdfast area.  


West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

West central harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

87

87

Spring wheat

18

4

Durum

19

1

Oats

13

3

Barley

34

8

Fall rye

99

89

Triticale

6

0

Flax

0

0

Canola

40

20

Mustard

32

17

Sunflowers

0

0

Lentils

84

59

Peas

90

52

Canary seed

3

0

Chickpeas

10

2

Total

35

16

The west central region was damp and cool at the beginning of the week, and then turned warmer, with some days of strong winds.  An average of 7 mm of precipitation was reported across the region, with the highest average amount being 9 mm reported in CD 7b.  Wind damage, including shelling of grain, scattering of swaths, and lodging, was reported across the region.  Frost was reported in the Unity area.  Some crops were sprouting in the swath in the tramping Lake area.  Hail hit some areas around Major.      

Thirty-five per cent of the 2007 west central crop has been harvested and a further 38% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Fall rye harvest is almost complete, followed by peas, winter wheat, and lentils.  Late kochia growth was slowing some harvest operations. 

With 19% of the durum harvested, crop reporters estimate that 25% to 40% will fall into the top grade.  Wheat midge, sawflies, and high temperatures have been blamed for the downgrading.  Canola is reported to be yielding only 5 to 10 bushels per acre in the Hanley area. 

Topsoil moisture conditions dried up from last week, with 36% of crop land rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture, compared with 26% last week.  Forty per cent of hay and pasture land is rated as having short or very short topsoil moisture, compared to 28% last week.  Pastures were helped in some areas by mid-week showers.   

Insect damage came from sawflies, while wheat midge damage continued to show up in wheat crops.  In the Sonningdale area, hairy fungus beetles have been found eating mould in stored canola.  The main way to deal with these is to break up the mould be moving the crop from bin to bin. 

There were some field fires in the Marengo area.  Fall rye was being planted in the Unity area.         


North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae) 

North eastern harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

79

31

Spring wheat

6

0

Durum

1

0

Oats

9

1

Barley

14

2

Fall rye

42

17

Triticale

9

2

Flax

3

0

Canola

9

1

Mustard

11

3

Sunflowers

n/a

n/a

Lentils

21

7

Peas

34

8

Canary seed

5

0

Chickpeas

7

n/a

Total

11

1

The north eastern region was cool and showery at the beginning of the past week, turning warm and windy by the end of the week.  An average of 6 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, with an average high of 15 mm reported in CD 9ae.  Damage from wind was reported in CD 8.  Swaths were blown around, pods shelled out,  and crops were lodged.  The winds caused substantial damage in the Star City area.  Some reporters told of bleaching in crops.  There are crops that are still vulnerable to frost in the area.           

Eleven per cent of the 2007 north eastern crop has been harvested and a further 47% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Winter wheat is the only crop that is more than 50% harvested.

With only 1% of the durum combined, reporters did not have much to report on in the way of quality.  One crop reporters thought up to 70% of the durum he had harvested would grade 1 CWAD.      

Topsoil moisture conditions improved this past week.  Eighty-eight per cent of the crop land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 83% last week.  This improvement was a result of surplus areas drying.  Conditions on hay and pasture land remained similar to last week with around 90% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture.   

Sawflies caused crop damage in CD 8b.  Midge damage was evident in harvested crops, downgrading the wheat.         

Some seeding of winter wheat started in the Tisdale area. 


North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

North western harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

27

1

Spring wheat

3

0

Durum

n/a

0

Oats

3

2

Barley

4

1

Fall rye

44

31

Triticale

n/a

0

Flax

26

0

Canola

11

4

Mustard

n/a

0

Sunflowers

n/a

n/a

Lentils

n/a

n/a

Peas

34

15

Canary seed

n/a

n/a

Chickpeas

n/a

n/a

Total

8

3

The north western region saw the most rain activity during the past week.  An average of 15 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week.  The Speers area reported 40 mm of rain.  Wind damage was reported in several areas throughout the region.  Hail was reported in the Lloydminster area.  Frost was reported in the Spiritwood, Medstead, Rapid View, and Pierceland areas.  Some damage is expected to low lying areas.  Rains are causing the wheat to bleach in the Meadow Lake area.  Heavy showers are causing lodging.               

Eight per cent of the 2007 north western crop has been harvested and a further 47% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  All crops are less than 50% done.

Early yield reports in the Neilburg area showed winter wheat at 50 to 60 bushels per acre, hard red spring wheat at 35 to 40 bushels per acre, barley at 50 to 60 bushels per acre, and canola at 30 to 35 bushels per acre.   

Topsoil moisture conditions are similar to last week, with 90% of the crop land and 82% of the hay and pasture land reported as having adequate topsoil. 

Geese damaged crops in the Dorintosh area.  Bertha armyworms were still active in the Speers area.  Scavenger beetles were showing up in canola – they are not a common pest in Saskatchewan.

Some straw has been baled.  More crop desiccation has taken place and bales are being stacked.    



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