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      Tuesday, October 17, 2017

1 Year Ago
Seeding was underway in southern and west central areas of the province.
Central and northern areas were reporting adequate to surplus topsoil moisture conditions. 

Approximately one per cent of this year's crop is seeded, according to Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture's weekly crop report.

Peas, barley, lentils and wheat were seeded during the past week in the southern region of the province. Most northern and central areas are still two to three weeks away from seeding. The effects of the weekend storm will be reported in next week's crop report as much of the precipitation fell on Sunday.

Provincially, 51 per cent of the crop, hay and pasture land is reported to have adequate topsoil moisture - with most regions reporting over 50 per cent adequate. In the southwest region however, 17 per cent of crop land and 15 per cent of hay and pasture land are reported to have adequate topsoil moisture. Areas that received snow and rain during the weekend storm are expected to report an improvement in topsoil moisture conditions next week.

Reporters indicated that farmers spent last week fixing fences, readying machinery, picking rocks, controlling gophers, applying chemicals and fertilizer, and cleaning grain.


South eastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3aseast)

This past week, the southeast was warm and windy, with some showers. An average of 3 mm of precipitation fell, ranging from an average low of trace amounts reported in Crop District (CD) 1a, to an average high of 8 mm reported in CD 2a. Wind caused some soil erosion in the Weyburn area.

Topsoil moisture on crop land is reported as 51% adequate and 48% short or very short. On hay and pasture land, topsoil moisture conditions are 38% adequate and 61% short or very short. There is a need for more moisture in most areas. Dugouts are low in the Weyburn area, and there have already been some grass fires. There was a field fire east of Odessa, but damage was minimized. There is also some concerns of water shortages in the Zehner area.

One per cent of the crop has been planted in the southeast. Seeding has begun in the Gainsborough, Frobisher, Kennedy, Moosomin, Weyburn, and Minton areas, with peas, lentils, barley, and wheat being planted. Fall seeded crops are breaking dormancy in some areas.

Farmers are picking rocks, harrowing, cleaning grain, fencing, poisoning gophers, breaking grass land, fertilizing winter wheat, fertilizing hay, and applying chemical. Shortages of some canola varieties, some types of fertilizer, Edge, inoculants, and some glyphosphate products were reported. Some grasshoppers were spotted in fields in the Griffin area. Crocuses are blooming in the Tantallon area.


 South western Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3as-west, 3an, 3b, & 4)

The southwest was warm and windy this past week, changing to snow by the week's end. An average of 6 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from an average low of 2 mm reported in CD 3an, to an average high of 13 mm reported in CD 4b.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land are reported as 17% adequate, with the balance reported as short or very short. On hay and pasture land, topsoil moisture is drier, with 15% reported as adequate and the rest as short or very short. Dugouts are very low in the Bengough, Glentworth, and Assiniboia areas. Land is very dry and hard to work in many areas.

Almost 4% of the crop has been planted in the southwest. Seeding has begun in the Bengough, Viceroy, Assiniboia, Spring Valley, Coderre, Central Butte, Cadillac, Mankota, Hazenmore, Ponteix, Shaunavon, Success, Webb, Stewart Valley, Rush Lake, Gull Lake, and Maple Creek areas with peas, lentils, and cereals being planted. Fall seeded crops are starting to grow.

Farmers are poisoning gophers, feeding cows, picking rocks, fixing fences, applying herbicides, fertilizing winter wheat, cleaning seed, and harrowing. Shortages of Edge were reported.


 East central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

Weather conditions were generally warm, dry, and windy in the east central region during the past week. An average of 1 mm of precipitation fell, ranging from an average low of less than 1 mm reported in CD 5b, to an average high of 2 mm reported in CD 5a.

Two-thirds of the crop land, and 71% of the hay and pasture land are reported to have adequate topsoil moisture conditions. Between 20% and 25% of the crop, hay and pasture land are reported to be have short or very short topsoil moisture. Warmer weather is needed for pastures and hay land to grow.  Water shortages are expected in the Bethune area.

Some seeding has begun in the Imperial area. Most areas expect it will be one to two weeks before much seeding takes place.

Concern has been expressed about cold damage to emerging winter wheat crops.

Farmers are getting equipment ready, picking rocks, applying fertilizer, applying herbicides, harrowing, disking, hauling grain, Feeding cattle, and cleaning seed. Edge is hard to get in some areas.


 West central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region generally saw seasonal temperatures with drying winds. Snow and blowing snow were reported at the end of the week. An average of 9 mm of precipitation fell, ranging from an average low of 3 mm reported in CD 6b, to an average high of 16 mm reported in CD 7a. Most of the precipitation came in the form of snow.

Fifty-five per cent of the crop land and 68% of the hay and pasture land in the west central region are reported as having adequate topsoil moisture. Almost all of the balance falls into the short and very short categories.

There are no reports of seeding in the west central region. The snow will delay seeding by at least a week.

Farmers are harrowing, moving grain, cleaning grain, fixing equipment, picking rocks, doing spring tillage, and broadcasting fertilizer.  Shortages of some canola and mustard varieties, some herbicides and seed treatments were reported. There was a bad grass fire in the Kinley area last week. Concern was expressed about death losses of calves in the weekend snow storm.


 North eastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 & 9a-east)

The northeast saw a mix of sun and cloud this past week, with some traces of snow.  An average of 3 mm of precipitation fell, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in CD 8a, to an average high of 13 mm reported in CD 9ae.

Fifty-eight per cent of the crop land and 62% of the hay and pasture land are reported to have adequate topsoil moisture, with the balance of the land having surplus topsoil moisture. This is drier than last week when over 50% of the land was reported to have surplus moisture. There has generally been good infiltration of the snow melt. Some washouts and flooding occurred in the Lake Lenore area.

It is expected to be a week or two before farmers will be on the land.

Farmers are cleaning grain, picking rocks, and hauling bales.


 North western Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9a-west & 9b)

The northwest went from warm weather to a winter storm during the past week. An average of 5 mm of precipitation fell, ranging from an average low of 4 mm reported in CD 9b, to an average high of 6 mm reported in CD 9aw.

Seventy-two per cent of the crop land and 82% of the hay and pasture land are reported to have adequate topsoil moisture. Most of the balance of the land is reported to have surplus moisture, though 4% is reported to have short topsoil moisture. Lots of snow has fallen in the northwest, and amounts will be available in next week's report.

It is expected that it will be one to two weeks before seeding gets started in the northwest.

Farmers are picking rocks, cleaning grain and getting equipment ready.  The snow storm has been hard for livestock producers calving cows.

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