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       Friday, October 20, 2017

One Year Ago
Eighty-five per cent of the 2007 crop was seeded.
Approximately 75 per cent of the crops that had emerged were rated in good to excellent condition.
Flooding was the main source of crop damage.

Seeding Progress in SK
per cent seeded

All
Crops

June 1/08

97

5-year Avg. (2003-07)

86

June 3/07

85

June 4/06

88

May 29/05

85

May 31/04

79

Jun 1/03

91

Seeding Progress by Crop District

CD

June 1/08

June 3/07

1a

97

87

1b

96

84

2a

99

92

2b

98

95

3an

99

95

3ase

99

94

3asw

96

85

3bn

98

95

3bs

98

94

4a

97

98

4b

97

99

5a

93

86

5b

95

59

6a

97

88

6b

96

93

7a

98

98

7b

98

98

8a

96

44

8b

99

66

9ae

96

40

9aw

95

88

9b

94

93

Prov.

97

85

Saskatchewan farmers have seeded 97 per cent of the 2008 crop, up from 86 per cent the previous week and ahead of the five-year (2003-2007) average of 86 per cent, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly crop report.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land improved in the southeast during the past week.  Other areas of the province either remained at similar conditions to last week or became drier.  Crop reporters rated 44 per cent of crop land as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 48 per cent last week.  For hay and pasture land, reporters rated 31 per cent as having adequate moisture, down from 39 per cent the previous week.

Rain is critical in many areas for plant growth and development.  Close to half of all crops are rated at below normal development for this time of year.

Provincially, 51 per cent of the fall crops, 50 per cent of the spring cereals, 41 per cent of the oilseeds, and 55 per cent of the pulse crops are rated as being at normal development for this point in the season.

Reporters rated the following percentages of emerged crops in good to excellent condition:  sunflowers - 72 per cent; triticale - 67 per cent; fall rye, spring wheat, oats, and peas - 63 per cent; durum, barley - 61 per cent; lentils - 58 per cent; canary seed - 53 per cent; canola - 48 per cent; winter wheat - 45 per cent; chickpeas - 44 per cent; mustard - 43 per cent, and flax - 41 per cent.

Frost was the main source of crop damage during the past week.  Other sources included wind, drought, gophers, flea beetles, cutworms, wire worms and water fowl.


South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)
Last week saw several mornings with frost in the southeast, as well as some showers.  An average of 18 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 9 mm reported in Crop District (CD) 2b, to an average high of 24 mm reported in CD 1a.  Some hail was reported in the Odessa area.  Frost damage was reported in many areas, along with drought damage in CDs 1b and 2.  The frost was hardest on canola, but also damaged flax and barley crops.  Some reporters expect that canola crops will recover, while others are more pessimistic about the crop's ability to do so.  The heavy rains in the Moosomin area, while welcome, caused some soil crusting and challenges for canola and flax emergence.

More seeding progress was made this past week to bring the southeast seeding completion up to 98%.  All CDs report over 95% complete.

South eastern fall cereals are 48% at normal development and 43% behind.  Spring cereals are 52% at normal and 44% behind.  Oilseeds are 51% at normal and 48% behind.  Pulse crops are 53% at normal and 42% behind. 

Crop reporters rated crops in good to excellent condition at the following percentages:  Winter Wheat - 35%; Fall Rye - 46%; Spring Wheat - 58%; Durum - 59%; Oats - 59%; Barley - 57%; Flax - 42%; Canola - 37%; Mustard - 36%; Sunflowers - 79%; Lentils - 54%; Peas - 61%; Canary seed - 53%; and Chickpeas - 68%.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land improved during the past week.  Reporters indicated that 47% of the crop land had adequate moisture, compared with 26% for the week earlier.  For hay and pasture land, reporters rated topsoil moisture conditions as adequate on 43% of the land, compared with 21% previously.

Flea beetles damaged crops in CDs 1 and 2a.  Cutworms damaged crops in CDs 1a, 2b, and 3ase.  Dandelions are problematic in some areas.

Farmers are starting in-crop spraying as weather conditions allowed.  Grass growth in pastures continues to be slow, and hay fields are also in poor shape. 


South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

The southwest generally continued dry this past week, with frost and some winds.  An average of 7 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 4 mm reported in CD 4b, to an average high of 11 mm reported in CD 3an.  Some hail was reported in the Cadillac and Webb areas.  Wind and drought were the primary sources of weather damage during the past week, with some frost and hail damage also reported.  The frost damaged some canola, flax, and lentil crops.

Seeding progress in the southwest now stands at 98% complete.  Crop District averages are all over 95% complete.  Some winter wheat fields were re-seeded in the Assiniboia and Ponteix areas.  Re-seeding was also done in the Shaunavon area.

South western fall cereals are 58% at normal development and 42% behind.  Spring cereals are 58% at normal and 41% behind.  Oilseeds are 51% at normal and 49% behind.  Pulse crops are 62% at normal and 37% behind.

Crop reporters rated crops in good to excellent condition at the following percentages:  Winter Wheat - 23%; Fall Rye - 75%; Spring Wheat - 68%; Durum - 63%; Oats - 51%; Barley - 59%; Triticale - 77%; Flax - 40%; Canola - 45%; Mustard - 44%; Lentils - 53%; Peas - 56%; Canary seed - 68%; and Chickpeas - 38%.

Fall rye crops and tame seeded grasses were starting to push heads in the Maple Creek area.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land remained similar to last week.  Reporters indicated that 39% of the crop land had adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 38% last week.  For hay and pasture land, reporters rate 18% as having adequate topsoil moisture conditions, compared with 20% last week. 

Crop damage came from gophers, cutworms, wire worms, and flea beetles.  In the Ponteix area, mustard crops took a real hit from gophers - one farmer lost 200 acres while another lost a whole field.  In the Maple Creek area, gophers were damaging hay fields and pastures.

Reporters indicated that pastures are in very poor shape, and in some cases are drying up and turning brown and "crunchy."  Dugouts continue to be low in several areas.  Farmers were in-crop spraying as weather conditions permitted, rolling pulse crops, picking rocks, chemfallowing, and summerfallowing.


Degree Days Above 5ºC
R.M.Since April 1May 25-31Total
3172.538.5211
17A17158.5229.5
38B184.5*49233.5
43A193.6551.4245.05
43B136* 136
4418742.5229.5
67109.5*43152.5
68237.8555.6293.45
69200.9 200.9
71A140.6*48.5189.1
72156.841.9198.7
73B13650186
75B179.25*55.05234.3
76A231.5555.6287.15
78A14247189
97177.13539.85216.985
10891*40131
109112* 112
111A230.160290.1
12311437.5151.5
124108.55*37.5146.05
127160.9*38.75199.65
132151*50.5201.5
13494* 94
13824351294
141180.9*58.6239.5
14224461.7305.7
151B112.840.7153.5
165120.6* 120.6
166234*37271
167130*53.5183.5
185117.15*48.4165.55
186103*34.5137.5
190B199.0557.5256.55
193205.256.75261.95
221156.05*48.95205
222200*31.7231.7
246107.3541.95149.3
259155.9*56.05211.95
2718642.5128.5
27661.5*44.5106
277111.75*55.45167.2
283146.8*54.65201.45
285173.05*62.1235.15
287138.5*53191.5
312140.450.05190.45
318A15353.5206.5
33374* 74
336115*47.5162.5
339115.2548.75164
340A116.5*50.5167
343169.766.6236.3
37014755202
379126.95*53179.95
3978550.5135.5
40398.5* 98.5
428115.563178.5
429B85*57.5142.5
442149.545.5195
4566742.5109.5
46468.5*2492.5
488201.0555.95257
496127.554181.5
502135*49184
* incomplete  
East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

The east central region was warmer this past week, with frosts on several nights and windy days on the east side of the region.  Dust was blowing in the Leroy area near the end of the week.  An average of 9 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 7 mm reported in CD 6a, to an average high of 12 mm reported in CD 5a.  Frost damage was reported across the region, with some wind and some drought damage.  In some areas of CD 6a, winds evaporated any moisture gains from last week.
The east central region saw double digit seeding progress last week, bringing seeding completion up to 95%.  Regional reports vary between 93 and 97% complete.  Germination and emergence for oilseeds is poor in many areas.  Some re-seeding has been done in the Veregin area.  Some winter wheat was worked down and re-seeded in the Holdfast area.  In the Bethune area, peas and canola are ready to be sprayed in the low spots, and have not even germinated on the hills. 

East central fall cereals are 36% at normal development and 64% behind.  Spring cereals are 38% at normal and 62% behind.  Oilseeds are 23% at normal and 77% behind.  Pulse crops are 38% at normal and 61% behind.

Crop reporters rated crops in good to excellent condition at the following percentages:  Winter Wheat - 64%; Fall Rye - 62%; Spring Wheat - 56%; Durum - 44%; Oats - 68%; Barley - 60%; Flax - 35%; Canola - 41%; Mustard - 40%; Sunflowers - 67%; Lentils - 47%; Peas - 62%; Canary seed - 53%; and Chickpeas - 40%.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land deteriorated during the past week.  Reporters indicate that 41% of crop land has adequate moisture, compared to 52% last week.  For hay and pasture land, reporters indicate that 29% is in an adequate topsoil moisture situation, compared to 42% last week.

Flea beetles damaged crop in CD 5, and some spraying has begun.  Gopher numbers are high.  Weed pressure is getting high.  In the Craik area, one farmer had fertilizer damage to seedlings because of the dry soil conditions.

Farmers have begun in-crop herbicide applications.  Some farmers are running out of feed for cattle because of the extended feeding season.


West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

West central regions had windy, warm days with cool nights this past week.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported for the region, ranging from an average low of 0.5 mm reported in CD 7b, to an average high of 2 mm reported in CD 7a.  Frost damage was reported in a number of areas, with some localized wind and drought damage.  Frost damage was reported to canola, mustard, and alfalfa crops.

Double-digit seeding progress was made this past week to bring west central seeding completion up to 97%.  Crop District reports vary between 96 and 98% complete.  Some re-seeding was done in the Outlook, Grandora, and Scott areas.       

West central fall cereals are 56% at normal development and 41% behind.  Spring cereals are 49% at normal and 51% behind.  Oilseeds are 51% at normal and 49% behind.  Pulse crops are 62% at normal and 37% behind.  Fall rye crops in the Hanley area are already in the shotblade stage.

Crop reporters rated crops in good to excellent condition at the following percentages:  Winter Wheat - 23%; Fall Rye - 38%; Spring Wheat - 64%; Durum - 64%; Oats - 54%; Barley - 63%; Triticale - 25%; Flax - 59%; Canola - 47%; Mustard - 50%; Sunflowers - 0%; Lentils - 73%; Peas - 74%; Canary seed - 43%; and Chickpeas - 33%.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land deteriorated during the past.  Reporters indicated that 39% of crop land had adequate topsoil moisture, down from 57% the previous week.  For hay and pasture land, 23% is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, down from 43% the previous week.  Rainfall is needed soon to help with crop germination and to allow some moisture for farmers to complete seeding.  Hay fields and pastures are behind and, in some areas, are going dormant.

Flea beetles caused crop damage in CD 7.  In the Battleford area, cutworms cleaned off a whole field.  In the Unity area, there was damage to crops from migrating water fowl. 

Farmers were in-crop spraying where they weren't delayed by the winds.  Chemfallow has also started.


North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)

The northeast had some windy days and cool nights this past week.  An average of 5 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in CD 8b, to an average high of 7 mm reported in CD 9ae.  There were several instances of frost damage in CD 8 as well as some localized drought damage.  There was some re-seeding done in the Arbourfield and Hoey areas.  With a dry seedbed and the late date, it is not expected to see much re-seeding of frost damaged canola.  In the Vonda area, there was some die-back of newly emerged crops due to the serious lack of moisture.

Double-digit seeding progress was made this past week to bring the northeast seeding completion up to 97%.  Crop District reports vary between 96 and 99% complete.

North eastern fall cereals are 66% at normal development and 34% behind.  Spring cereals are 61% at normal and 36% behind.  Oilseeds are 53% at normal and 45% behind.  Pulse crops are 64% at normal and 34% behind.

Crop reporters rated crops in good to excellent condition at the following percentages:  Winter Wheat - 59%; Fall Rye - 72%; Spring Wheat - 73%; Durum - 60%; Oats - 75%; Barley - 70%; Triticale - 95%; Flax - 47%; Canola - 62%; Mustard - 68%; Lentils - 20%; Peas - 80%; and Canary seed - 53%.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land deteriorated slightly during the past week.  Reporters said 63% of the crop land had adequate moisture, down from 70% last week.  For hay and pasture land, 52% has adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 66% last week.

Flea beetles caused some crop damage in CD 8.

Winter cereal crops were sprayed last week.  Spraying of spring crops was also getting underway.


North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The northwest had cool evenings with frost last week.  An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported across the region, ranging from an average low of 1 mm reported in CD 9b, to an average high of 3 mm reported in CD 9aw.  Frost was the main source of crop damage.  The wind and the dry conditions also caused some damage.

The northwest made the most seeding progress during the past week, bringing seeding completion up to 94%.  Crop district reports vary between 94 and 95% complete.  Frost-damaged canola was re-seeded in the Speers, Meadow Lake, and Rapid View areas.  In the Mayfair area, some winter wheat was worked down and seeded to canola.

North western fall cereals are 59% at normal development and 41% behind.  Spring cereals are 42% at normal and 58% behind.  Oilseeds are 38% at normal and 62% behind.  Pulse crops are 36% at normal and 64% behind.

Crop reporters rated crops in good to excellent condition at the following percentages:  Winter Wheat - 47%; Fall Rye - 49%; Spring Wheat - 61%; Durum - 0%; Oats - 56%; Barley - 56%; Triticale - 3%; Flax - 43%; Canola - 60%; Mustard - 42%; Lentils - 20%; Peas - 66% and Canary seed - 60%.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land deteriorated during the past week.  Forty-three per cent of the crop land and 35% of the hay and pasture land are indicated to have adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 69% each last week.  Up in the Big River area, the pastures are so dry that they are "crunching" under your feet.  Pastures and hay land are in poor condition throughout the region.

Some spraying has started.


For further information contact:
Terry Bedard, P.Ag.
Agricultural Economist
Policy Branch
Ministry of Agriculture
306-787-5956
e-mail: policybranch@gov.sk.ca

Related Documents
Crop Report June 3 2008.pdf  ( 240.2 KB )


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