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       Monday, October 23, 2017
One Year Ago
Fifty-six per cent of the 2007 crop had been harvested - 92% of the south western crop was off.
Northern areas received the most rain this past week, further delaying crop maturity and harvest.
The main sources of crop damage were wind and drought.
Seeding of fall crops was underway with some already emerging.

Sask. harvesting progress
 % this
week
% last
week
Winter wheat7878
Fall rye8989
Spring wheat1110
Durum1313
Oats87
Barley1918
Triticale5349
Flax10
Canola119
Mustard3026
Sunflowers1919
Lentils6661
Peas8173
Canary seed10
Chickpeas2317
Total2220

Cool, wet weather delayed harvest in all areas of the province this past week, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly crop report.

Twenty-two per cent of the 2008 crop has been harvested, up just two per cent from 20 per cent last week.  This is behind the five-year (2003-07) average of 49 per cent harvested for this time of year.

Harvest continues to be furthest advanced in the southwest where 36 per cent of the crop is harvested, followed by the southeast at 30 per cent.  Combining is least advanced in the northwest where only 10 per cent of the crop is off.

Current yield estimates continue to point to above average provincial production for 2008.

The cool, wet weather this past week has had a negative impact on crop quality in general, with reporters citing damage from staining, bleaching, sprouting, and lodging.  With 19 per cent of the barley harvested, crop reporters estimate that 49 per cent should grade malt quality.  The 10-year crop report average is 32 per cent grading malt quality.

Seeding of fall crops is underway.  The biggest factor limiting seeding of fall crops is the fact that harvest progress is behind schedule.


The deadline to seed fall rye and winter wheat and be eligible for winterkill insurance is September 15. Winterkill is not an insurable cause of loss for crops seeded in the fall of 2008 if winterkill insurance was not selected by August 25.

September 30 is the deadline to file Forage Declarations. It is also the deadline to register forage yield-loss claims or request an extension of insurance on forage acres. Forage claims submitted between October 1 and November 15 will have indemnities reduced by 25 per cent. Claims will not be accepted after November 15.

October 1 is also the deadline to harvest all varieties of potatoes.

If you have any questions regarding the above deadlines, contact Crop Insurance at 1-888-935-0000.


South eastern harvesting progress
% this
week
% last
week
Winter wheat9292
Fall rye9090
Spring wheat1717
Durum1414
Oats1515
Barley3838
Triticale00
Flax11
Canola2626
Mustard2624
Sunflowers2222
Lentils8476
Peas9182
Canary seed11
Chickpeas5342
Total3030

South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

The south eastern region was cool and wet last week.  An average of 35 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 23 mm in Crop District (CD) 2b, to an average high of 44 mm in CD 1a.  The crop reporter from the Frobisher area indicated that this was the second most consecutive days of rain in 22 years.  Many fields have standing water in the Weyburn area.  Serious crop damage from the rain and wet weather was reported across the region, including bleaching, sprouting, staining, and lodging.  Frost damage was reported in the Grenfell and Radville areas.  Hail was reported in the Pangman and Tantallon areas.  Wind damage was reported in the Fillmore, Minton, and Ceylon areas.       

Thirty per cent of the 2008 south eastern crop has been harvested and a further 29% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  This area total is largely unchanged from last week, though limited harvest progress was made in mustard, lentils, peas, and chickpeas.    

Thirty-eight per cent of the barley has been harvested, and crop reporters estimate that 52% of that should grade malt quality. 

Average yield estimates for the southeast indicate that the lentil and chickpea yields could be the highest in the province.    

Topsoil moisture conditions became wetter last week.  Twenty-seven per cent of the crop land is rated as having surplus topsoil moisture, compared with 4% last week.  Conditions improved on hay and pasture land with 94% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 78% last week.   

Insect damage last week came from saw flies (Moose Jaw, Minton, Ceylon) and grasshoppers (Pangman, Kennedy).  The grasshoppers are eating the pasture grass in the Kennedy area, but did not damage crops too much this week.  Birds caused damage in standing durum in the Odessa area.

Farmers were pounding fence posts, repairing machinery, and waiting to get back to harvesting.


South western harvesting progress
% this
week
% last
week
Winter wheat8383
Fall rye9292
Spring wheat2323
Durum1716
Oats4040
Barley3838
Triticale6362
Flax00
Canola4842
Mustard5148
Sunflowers00
Lentils5756
Peas9090
Canary seed10
Chickpeas97
Total363

South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4

The southwest had a cool, wet week.  An average of 35 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 23 mm in CD 3bn, to an average high of 50 mm in CD 4a.  Damage from rain and weathering was reported across the region, including bleaching, staining, sprouting, shelling out, and lodging.  Frost damage was reported in the Bengough and Eyebrow areas.  Wind damage occurred in the Assiniboia, Viceroy, and Orkney areas.    

Thirty-six per cent of the 2008 south western crop has been harvested and a further 28% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  The regional harvest total has not changed since last week, though a limited amount of durum, triticale, canola, mustard, lentils, canary seed, and chickpeas were taken off.  

Thirty-eight per cent of the barley has been harvested, and crop reporters estimate that 42% of that will fall into the malt grades.  

In the Weyburn area, grades on some crops have dropped because of the rain.  Crops in the Rush Lake area are expected to be downgraded two or three grades due to the weather.  In the Viceroy, Rush Lake, and Lucky Lake areas, lentil crops suffered the most due to last week's weather.  In the Cadillac area, one farmer hauled in 20,000 bushels of durum - it all graded #1 CW, but the protein was low.  Harvested durum closer to the U.S. border was also grading #1 CW with 15% protein and higher.      

Average yield estimates for the southwest indicate that yields for all crops except fall rye, lentils, and canary seed will be the lowest in the province.  Average regional yields for canary seed could be the highest in the province.        

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land are wetter than last week, with 4% of the crop land rated as having surplus topsoil moisture.  Conditions improved on hay and pasture land with 66% of that land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 42% last week.    

Insect damage came from sawflies (Fife Lake, Glentworth, Viceroy, Assiniboia, Hazenmore, Eastend, Gull Lake) and grasshoppers (Fife Lake, Rockglen, Viceroy, Assiniboia, Eyebrow, Stewart Valley).  Farmers are spraying for the grasshoppers in lentils in the Stewart Valley area.       

Winter wheat is being seeded between rains in the Admiral area.  Fall rye is being seeded in the Maple Creek and Burstall areas.  Winter wheat seeding has not begun in the Fife Lake area because of the number of grasshoppers.  In the Lafleche area, fall seeding is on hold because of the lack of soil moisture, even with recent rain.  In the Central Butte area, some farmers are cutting hay sloughs and planning out next year's fertilizer requirements and crop rotations. 

Finding chemicals for fall work is a challenge in the Ponteix area.  Some cattle have been lost in the Mankota area because of very low water supplies, which turned toxic.  Farmers were cleaning winter wheat and hauling peas in the Shaunavon area; desiccating lentils and peas in the Stewart Valley area; stacking bales in the Maple Creek area; and baling straw and hauling bales in the Richmound area.


East central harvesting progress

% this
week

% last
week

Winter wheat6967
Fall rye8989
Spring wheat54
Durum44
Oats43
Barley1714
Triticale160
Flax00
Canola54
Mustard99
Sunflowers00
Lentils5755
Peas6757
Canary seed00
Chickpeas2727
Total1412

East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)
The east central region was cool and rainy during the past week.  An average of 18 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 13 mm in CD 5b, to an average high of 21 mm in CD 5a.  Rain and weathering damage was reported across the region, including lodging, bleaching, sprouting, and staining.  Hail damage was reported in the Quill Lake, Lumsden, Bethune, Holdfast, Seamans, Nokomis, and Bradwell area.  Damage from the August frost was reported in low areas and green crops in the Leroy area.  Some areas around Nokomis received up to 50% hail damage.  The reporter in the Leroy area indicated that August, 2008 was the third driest and the twelfth warmest since 1980.        

Fourteen per cent of the 2008 east central crop has been harvested and a further 49% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Much of the grain that was taken off needed to be dried.     

Seventeen per cent of the barley crop has been harvested, and crop reporters estimate that 62% of that will fall into the malt grades.   

Average yield estimates for the east central region indicate that winter wheat, durum, and sunflower yields will be the highest in the province, while lentil yields will be the lowest.

In the Stockholm area, the barley crop was severely damaged.  Rain is expected to downgrade crops in the Neudorf area one or two grades.

Topsoil moisture conditions are wetter on cropland, with 4% rated as having surplus topsoil moisture, up from 1% last week.  Conditions improved on hay and pasture land with 91% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 69% last week.

Insect damage came from sawflies (Lumsden, Bethune, Earl Grey, Holdfast, Nokomis), grasshoppers (Bethune, Holdfast), flea beetles (Leroy), and bertha armyworms (Leroy).  Sandhill cranes are causing problems in swaths in the Foam Lake area.

There is some seeding of fall crops in the Calder/Wroxton area and moisture conditions are good for germination.  Winter wheat seeding is underway in the Holdfast area.  There has been little fall seeding in the Neudorf area and very little winter wheat expected to be seeded in the Saltcoats area due to a lack of stubble.  If the weather doesn't soon change, there will be no fall crops seeded in the Ituna area.  Winter wheat acres are expected to be down in the Elfros area because of late seeding.  In the Lumsden area, there is also concern about getting the crop off in time to seed winter wheat.

Some farmers were heavy harrowing, hauling bales, and desiccating.


West central harvesting progress
% this
week
% last
week
Winter wheat8963
Fall rye9292
Spring wheat53
Durum31
Oats31
Barley87
Triticale00
Flax00
Canola125
Mustard62
Sunflowers00
Lentils6356
Peas8067
Canary seed10
Chickpeas198
Total184

West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region had a cool, damp week.   An average of 6 mm of rain was reported, with an average high of 10 mm in CD 6b.  Rain and weathering damage was reported across the region, including lodging, staining, sprouting, and bleaching.  One reporter indicated that there was almost double the amount of rain this week in the Outlook area than there was for the whole month of May.  Hail damage, including shelling of ripe canola, was reported in the Hanley, Arelee, Landis, and Battleford areas.  Frost damage was reported in the Harris, Biggar, Herschel, Kerrobert, and Luseland area.

Eighteen per cent of the 2008 west central crop has been harvested and a further 40% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.

Eight per cent of the barley crop has been harvested, and crop reporters estimate that 58% of that will fall into the malt grades.

Average yield estimates for the west central region indicate that fall rye yields could be the lowest in the province.

Second growth in crops is making straight cutting difficult. 

Topsoil moisture conditions improved.  Seventy-two per cent of the crop land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 69% last week.  Seventy-one per cent of the hay and pasture land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 68% the previous week.

Sawflies and rust caused crop damage in the Denzil area.  Geese caused crop damage in the Conquest, Perdue, and Marengo, areas.  Cranes, ducks, and geese were causing crop damage in swathed barley fields in the Grandora area.  Migrating birds were damaging swaths in the Harris area.  Antelope herds are causing problems in fields in the Tramping Lake area.

Some winter wheat was seeded in the Conquest and Marengo areas.  Fall rye has been seeded in the Perdue and Biggar areas.  Fall crops are being seeded in the Kindersley and Denzil areas.  Fall seeding is on hold in the Arelee area because the spring seeded crops are still in the field.  Farmers are also waiting to plant fall crops in the Unity area.

Pastures are greening up in the Rosetown area - pretty much for the first time all summer.


North eastern harvesting progress
% this
week
% last
week
Winter wheat9188
Fall rye8281
Spring wheat1912
Durum30
Oats95
Barley1914
Triticale00
Flax00
Canola116
Mustard65
Sunflowersn/a0
Lentils5624
Peas7260
Canary seed21
Chickpeasn/an/a
Total1813

North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)
The north eastern region was cool and cloudy this past week An average of 6 mm of precipitation was reported, with an average high of 6 mm in CD 8.  Damage from rain, including staining, bleaching, lodging, and grade loss, was reported in the Nipawin, Humboldt, and Vonda areas. In the Arbourfield area, only two or three fields were badly damaged with hail.  Hail in the Garrick area varied from light to heavier on swathed canola. Wind scattered swaths and shelled out some crops in the Tisdale area.

Eighteen per cent of the 2008 north eastern crop has been harvested and a further 58% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Many combined crops had to be dried.

Nineteen per cent of the barley crop has been harvested, and crop reporters estimate that 42% of that will fall into the malt grades.

Average yield estimates for the northeast indicate that spring wheat, oats, barley, fall rye, triticale, canola and mustard yields could be the highest in the province, while canary seed yields could be the lowest.

Topsoil moisture conditions got wetter, with 6% of the crop land rated as having surplus topsoil moisture, compared with none having that rating last week.  Conditions are drier on hay and pasture land with 68% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 73% last week.

Sawflies caused crop damage in the Hoey area.

There have been no fall crops seeded in the Bruno area due to the delay in harvest.

Some late haying is taking place as well as some harrowing.


North western harvesting progress
% this
week
% last
week
Winter wheat7979
Fall rye5757
Spring wheat44
Durumn/a0
Oats43
Barley53
Triticale00
Flax00
Canola20
Mustardn/a0
Sunflowersn/a0
Lentilsn/an/a
Peas6245
Canary seedn/a0
Chickpeasn/an/a
Total110

North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The northwest was cool and damp this past week. An average of 6 mm of rain was reported, with an average high of 7 mm in CD9aw.  Frost damage was reported in the Hafford, Mayfair, Spiritwood, Medstead, North Battleford, and St. Walburg areas. Hail damage was reported in the Radisson, Duck Lake, North Battleford, and Glaslyn areas. A strip of hail north of Maymont caused 100% damage in some fields.  Wind damage was reported in the North Battleford and Rapid View areas. Rain damaged crops in the Hafford area.  Crops had stain and mildew in the Debden area.

Ten per cent of the 2008 north western crop has been harvested and a further 42% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined. Much of the crop taken off needed drying.

With just 5% of the barley crop combined, crop reporters estimate that 13% of that will fall into the malt grades.

Average yield estimates for the northwest indicate that flax and pea yields could be the highest in the province.

Topsoil moisture conditions got drier during the past week.  Seventy-seven per cent of the crop land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 83% last week.  Sixty-nine per cent of the hay and pasture land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 75% last week.

Grasshoppers damaged crops in the North Battleford area. Farmers are holding off swathing in the Debden area due to the large number of ducks and geese.

Baling, swathing, hauling bales, and desiccating is underway.


Growing Degree Days Above 5ºC
calculations based on temperatures given by crop reporters
R.M.Since April 1Aug31-Sep6Total
31451 1451
17A1289.5*301319.5
38B 41 
43A1520.138.41558.5
43B 31.85 
441351.85*42.51394.35
67 37.5 
681636.6553.31689.95
71 36.6 
72 37.35 
75B 38 
76 47.4 
78A1223*291252
971379.83537.051416.885
108 27.5 
109 30.5 
111A1415.6*411456.6
123 34 
124 28.7 
127 39.7 
134 40.5 
141 36.95 
142 38.9 
151B1262.15 1262.15
154 43 
1661363*431406
1671274*37.51311.5
185 41.5 
190B 41.9 
1931325.7*42.51368.2
2211293.8*40.351334.15
222 47 
226 36 
2461184.138.651222.75
271 39 
276 38 
2771270.45*48.851319.3
2831327.2*48.451375.65
2851428.939.41468.3
312 35.7 
318A1251*311282
336 48.5 
339122137.51258.5
340A 33 
343 50.85 
370 51.5 
3791192.7*40.31233
397 38 
428 47 
429B1229.5*46.51276
442117633.51209.5
456104339.51082.5
488 35.8 
4961197.5*47.51245
5021257.5341291.5
* missing 1 to 7 days of data
A degree day is defined as a measure of the departure of temperature for a day from some reference temperature. They are expressed in degrees of temperature. For plant growth, a base of 5ºC is generally used, although the base varies for each plant species and, in fact, varies throughout the life of the plant from germination to maturity.  By accumulating degree days throughout the growing season, it is possible to forecast harvesting dates. 
Related Documents
CR #24.pdf  ( 217.5 KB )


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