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      Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Thirty-nine per cent of the 2008 crop has been harvested, up from 22 per cent last week,

One Year Ago
Two-thirds of the 2008 harvest was done, ranging from 95 per cent in the southwest to 31 per cent in the northeast.
Frost and wind caused the majority of the crop damage.

Sask. harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

91

78

Fall rye

94

89

Spring wheat

25

11

Durum

28

13

Oats

21

8

Barley

45

19

Triticale

53

53

Flax

4

1

Canola

33

11

Mustard

52

30

Sunflowers

19

19

Lentils

85

66

Peas

92

81

Canary seed

7

1

Chickpeas

31

23

Total

39

22

according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly crop report.  The five-year (2003-07) average is 58 per cent harvested.  Harvesting is furthest advanced in the southwest where 49 per cent of the crop is off, and is least advanced in the northwest where 20 per cent of the crop is off.  All areas need warm, dry weather to advance harvesting operations.

Harvesting progress varies significantly between the major crops, with spring wheat at 25 per cent complete, durum at 28 per cent, canola at 33 per cent, lentils at 85 per cent, and peas at 92 per cent.

Weathering, migrating birds, grasshoppers, and sawflies caused the majority of the crop damage reported during the past week.  

Other fieldwork includes seeding fall crops, spraying, baling straw, and hauling bales. 


 

South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

South eastern harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

92

92

Fall rye

97

90

Spring wheat

32

17

Durum

33

14

Oats

24

15

Barley

55

38

Triticale

50

0

Flax

4

1

Canola

45

26

Mustard

66

26

Sunflowers

22

22

Lentils

94

84

Peas

93

91

Canary seed

8

1

Chickpeas

59

53

Total

45

30

The south eastern region had somewhat better harvest weather this past week, though there was some rain, drizzle, and fog.  An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported, with an average high of 7 mm in Crop District (CD) 1a.  Weathering damage, including bleaching, staining, mildew, and sprouting was reported across the region.  Frost damage was reported in the Stoughton, Kennedy, and Grenfell areas.  Some flooding damage was reported in the Maryfield area.  Wind damage was reported in the Weyburn, Minton, and Ceylon areas.             

Forty-five per cent of the 2008 south eastern crop has been harvested and a further 31% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Aeration fans and grain dryers are in use.  Green second-growth continues to cause problems in harvesting.     

Canola was averaging over 40 bu/acre in the Wawota area.  Barley samples in the Zehner area looked good and are expected to be malt quality.   

Crop land dried this past week.  Eight per cent is rated as having surplus topsoil moisture, down from 25% last week.  There were moisture problems with some combines getting stuck in the Tantallon area, even with the dry week.  Conditions were similar to last week on hay and pasture land with 95% of the land rated as having adequate topsoil. 

Grasshoppers damaged crops in the Stoughton and Midale areas.  Sawflies damaged crops in the Montmartre, Briercrest, Moose Jaw, Minton, and Ceylon areas.  Ergot was found in crops in the Weyburn, Montmartre, and Ceylon areas. 

Fall rye and winter wheat were seeded in the Frobisher area.  Some second-cut haying as well as bale hauling took place.  Desiccation of flax crops continues.


South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

South western harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

92

83

Fall rye

96

92

Spring wheat

32

23

Durum

29

17

Oats

52

40

Barley

58

38

Triticale

63

63

Flax

2

0

Canola

78

48

Mustard

70

51

Sunflowers

n/a

0

Lentils

83

57

Peas

97

90

Canary seed

7

1

Chickpeas

16

9

Total

49

36

The past week was drier in the southwest, although some frost, heavy dews, and damp conditions did occur.  An average of 7 mm of precipitation was reported, with an average high of 13 mm in CD 4a.  Damage from this and last week's rain, including bleaching and sprouting was reported across the region.  Frost, drought, and wind damage were reported from several areas in the southwest.  Damage from flooding was reported in the Fife Lake, Bengough, Shaunavon, Webb, and Gull Lake areas.  Wind damage, including shelling out and scattering of swaths, was reported in the Viceroy and Mankota areas.  In some areas, the pods are splitting as they swell up with moisture after they have dried down.         

Forty-nine per cent of the 2008 south western crop has been combined and a further 23% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Some crops will need to be dried.  

In the Lafleche area, test weights on wheat ranged from 57 to 65 pounds, and yields were disappointing on many fields.  In the Mossbank area, early-seeded crops will be of poorer quality than later-seeded, standing crops.  In the Kincaid area, the durum was weighing in at 56 pounds, with protein up to 18.5%.  In the Ponteix area, most of last Thursday's grain was taken off at 16 - 17% moisture, and Friday at 15 - 16%.          

Topsoil moisture conditions continue to improve with the showers, although harvest is delayed.  Over 80% of the crop land and almost 70% of the hay and pasture land are rated as having adequate topsoil moisture.      

Sawflies caused crop damage across the region, particularly in the Assiniboia area. Grasshoppers damaged crops in the Rockglen, Ponteix, Glenbain, Webb, and Stewart Valley areas.  Farmers are spraying for grasshoppers on lentils in the Stewart Valley area, and grasshoppers are also showing up in harvested grain.

Some fall-seeded crops are emerging in the Kyle area.  Winter wheat was seeded near Central Butte and Shaunavon.  In the Ponteix area, the large number of grasshoppers is concerning producers getting ready to seed fall crops.  Most of the winter wheat is seeded in the Admiral area.  Fall rye was being seeded in the Maple Creek area.       

In the Limerick area, many livestock owners are feeding their animals, and dugouts are dry or near dry.  In the Central Butte area, farmers are starting to put up fall hay.  In the Ponteix area, there is a lot of frustration among farmers trying to get fall chemicals - prices are up again and some Edge retailers are having trouble getting product.   

Farmers are hauling hay, cutting and baling sloughs, and continuing with desiccation.    


East central harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

90

69

Fall rye

97

89

Spring wheat

18

5

Durum

18

4

Oats

16

4

Barley

49

17

Triticale

26

16

Flax

4

0

Canola

30

5

Mustard

33

9

Sunflowers

0

0

Lentils

84

57

Peas

87

67

Canary seed

1

0

Chickpeas

31

27

Total

34

14

East central
Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

The east central region saw cool, slow drying weather early in the week, then warming up and becoming better harvest weather by the end of the week.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported, with an average high of 2 mm in CD 5b.  There was some weathering damage in the region, including staining, bleaching, and sprouting.  Frost damage was reported in the Kelvington and Nokomis areas.  Wind damaged crops in the Earl Grey and Imperial areas.            

Thirty-four per cent of the 2008 east central crop has been harvested and a further 48% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Grain needs to be dried in many cases.  Hail damaged crops are still green in the region.  Heavy dews prevent farmers from combining early in the morning.           

Topsoil moisture conditions dried on hay and pasture land.  Eighty-two per cent is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 91% last week.  Water in fields in the Wroxton/Calder area is still a challenge for farmers.       

Migrating ducks and geese damaged crops in the Kelliher, Foam Lake, Nokomis and Kelvington areas.  There was some fusarium in wheat and durum in the Abernethy area.  There was ergot in wheat in the Kamsack area.   


There was some winter wheat seeded in the Saltcoats area.  Some seeding of fall crops took place in the Ituna area.  Winter wheat was seeded in the Holdfast area as farmers were able to get their canola off.  Some farmers were baling straw.      

 

 

 


West central harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

96

89

Fall rye

99

92

Spring wheat

20

5

Durum

20

3

Oats

10

3

Barley

34

8

Triticale

20

0

Flax

1

0

Canola

42

12

Mustard

27

6

Sunflowers

0

0

Lentils

78

63

Peas

93

80

Canary seed

5

1

Chickpeas

44

19

Total

37

18

West central
Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region was cool until later in the week.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported, with an average high of 2 mm in CD 6b.  Frost damage was reported in the Eston, Herschel, Biggar, and Unity areas.  Hail damage was reported in the Major area.  Damage from weathering, including sprouting, was reported in the Outlook and Biggar areas.     

Thirty-seven per cent of the 2008 west central crop has been harvested and a further 42% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Grain was coming off tough.  Farmers are still waiting for the green in the crops to turn.  

Yields on the east side of R.M. 288 are disappointing, while the west side had some good yields, for example lentils over 2000 lbs./acre.    

Topsoil moisture conditions dried this past week.  Fifty-seven per cent of the hay and pasture land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 71% last week. 

Wheat midge and ergot damage showed up in the Hanley area; there was sawfly damage in the Rosetown area; and damage from migrating birds and game in the Grandora, Outlook, Rosthern, and Marengo areas.         

Most of the fall rye and winter wheat has now been planted in the Conquest area.  Farmers were baling greenfeed and straw. 

 

 

 


North eastern harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

91

91

Fall rye

92

82

Spring wheat

44

19

Durum

13

3

Oats

31

9

Barley

49

19

Triticale

40

0

Flax

0

0

Canola

29

11

Mustard

18

6

Sunflowers

n/a

n/a

Lentils

84

56

Peas

85

72

Canary seed

17

2

Chickpeas

n/a

n/a

Total

40

18

North eastern
Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)

The north eastern region saw cool, cloudy weather until the end of the week.  An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported, with an average high of 8 mm in CD 9ae.  Wind damage was reported in the Arbourfield, Tisdale, and Vonda areas.         

Forty per cent of the 2008 north eastern crop has been harvested and a further 50% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Grain is being dried.       

Topsoil moisture conditions are drier than last week.  Sixty per cent of the hay and pasture land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared to 68% last week.

There was ergot in the spring wheat in the Codette area.       

Some fall rye and winter wheat were sown in the Vonda area, though there is concern about germination because of short soil moisture.  Farmers were baling straw and dried out sloughs.   

 

 

 

 

 


North western Saskatchewan

North western harvesting progress

% this

% last

week

week

Winter wheat

89

79

Fall rye

69

57

Spring wheat

13

4

Durum

n/a

n/a

Oats

9

4

Barley

18

5

Triticale

0

0

Flax

4

0

Canola

16

2

Mustard

25

n/a

Sunflowers

n/a

n/a

Lentils

n/a

n/a

Peas

86

62

Canary seed

n/a

n/a

Chickpeas

n/a

n/a

Total

20

10


(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The north western region had poor drying weather this past week.  An average of 1 mm of precipitation was reported.  Frost damage was reported in the Mayfair, Medstead, and Turtleford areas.  Wind damage was reported in the North Battleford area.  Hail damage was reported in the Turtleford area.       

Twenty per cent of the 2008 north western crop has been combined and a further 50% is lying in the swath or is ready to be straight-combined.  Many crops needed to be dried.

Most yields look good in the Spiritwood area.  The crop reporter in the Barthel area heard of one barley field that ran 113 bu/acre.              

Topsoil moisture conditions got drier during the past week.  Sixty-two per cent of the hay and pasture land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, compared with 69% last week.       

Grasshoppers damaged crops in the North Battleford area.  There are some geese in the Medstead area, but damage is unknown as of yet. 

Winter wheat seeding has begun in the Neilburg area.  Some farmers are doing a second cut of hay.

 

 

 


Growing Degree Days Above 5ºC

 

calculations based on temperatures given by crop reporters

R.M.

Since April 1

 

Sep 7 - 13

Total

3

1451

*

57.5

1508.5

17A

1319.5

*

 

1319.5

38A

 

 

53.55

 

38B

 

 

52

 

43A

1558.5

 

57.9

1616.4

44

1394.35

*

47

1441.35

67

 

 

48

 

68

1689.95

 

 

1689.95

71

 

 

48

 

72

 

 

45.6

 

73

 

 

53

 

75B

 

 

51.3

 

76

 

 

88.3

 

78A

1252

*

57

1309

97

1416.885

 

48.05

1464.935

108

 

 

45

 

109

 

 

44

 

110

 

 

40.5

 

111A

1456.6

*

64.5

1521.1

123

 

 

43.5

 

124

 

 

44.15

 

127

 

 

43.15

 

141

 

 

54

 

151B

1262.15

*

46.85

1309

154

 

 

53.5

 

166

1406

*

57.5

1463.5

167

1311.5

*

51

1362.5

185

 

 

54.4

 

186

 

 

36.1

 

190B

 

 

51.7

 

193

1368.2

*

48.75

1416.95

221

1334.15

*

51.85

1386

246

1222.75

 

46.1

1268.85

252

 

 

53.45

 

259

 

 

48.335

 

271

 

 

49

 

277

1319.3

*

48.85

1368.15

283

1375.65

*

50.2

1425.85

285

1468.3

 

54.6

1522.9

312

 

 

45.05

 

318A

1282

*

48

1330

336

 

 

49

 

339

1258.5

 

47.5

1306

340A

 

 

41.5

 

343

 

 

54.7

 

370

 

 

56

 

379

1233

*

42.95

1275.95

429B

1276

*

48.5

1324.5

442

1209.5

 

43

1252.5

456

1082.5

 

38.5

1121

488

 

 

42.435

 

496

1245

*

46.5

1291.5

502

1291.5

 

39.5

1331

 

 

 

 

 

* missing 1 to 7 days of data

 

 

A degree day is defined as a measure of the departure of temperature for a day from some reference temperature.  They are expressed in degrees of temperature.  For plant growth, a base of 5ºC is generally used, although the base varies for each plant species and, in fact, varies throughout the life of the plant from germination to maturity.  By accumulating degree days throughout the growing season, it is possible to forecast harvesting dates. 



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