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      Tuesday, October 17, 2017
1 Year Ago
56 per cent of the 2008 crop had been seeded.
Weather conditions were warm and windy.
Seeding Progress
in SK
Per cent seeded All Crops
May 18/09 49
5 year avg. (2004-2008) 61
May 18/08 56
May 20/07 64
May 21/06 64
May 15/05 47
May 16/04 41
Seeding Progress
by
Crop District
CD May 18/09 May 18/08
1A 33 65
1B 29 59
2A 34 82
2B 50 69
3ASE 36 81
3ASW 43 65
3AN 53 66
3BS 64 67
3BN 79 73
4A 62 65
4B 93 67
5A 16 47
5B 28 48
6A 30 52
6B 42 40
7A 79 57
7B 70 49
8A 55 56
8B 36 49
9AE 30 41
9AW 42 40
9B 47 45
Provincial 50  64 

Saskatchewan farmers have seeded 46 per cent of the 2009 crop, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's Crop Report. Last week, seeding progress was reported as 23 per cent complete.  The five-year average for this time of year is 61 per cent complete.

Across the province, 50 per cent of wheat, 55 per cent of durum, 37 per cent of canola, 73 per cent of lentils, and 83 per cent of the peas have been seeded.

The southern and southwestern regions of the province have 66 and 52 per cent of the crop in the ground, respectively.  The southeastern region has 37 per cent seeded. Sixty-two and 25 per cent is planted in the west-central and east-central regions, respectively. The northeastern and northwestern regions are reporting that 55 and 43 per cent of the crop is in the ground, respectively. Soils are still very slow to warm, due to cool temperatures.

Provincially, topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 71 per cent adequate on cropland and 66 per cent adequate on hay and pasture land. However, reports from the western half of the province indicate 26 to 57 per cent of the area is in short supply of topsoil moisture.


South eastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

South eastern Saskatchewan has 37 per cent of the crop in the ground.  Eighty-three per cent of field peas, 75 per cent lentils, 34 per cent of canola, 38 per cent of the wheat and durum and five per cent of the sunflowers are seeded.  Temperatures were still cool and below normal.  Hail, snow and rain were reported in the Pangman, Odessa, Indian Head, Radville and Ceylon areas.  There was an average of 7.5 mm of rain and most nights temperatures dipped below freezing.  

Weed control has been difficult due to windy days and frost at night. There were reports of alfalfa crops being hit pretty hard with frost in some areas, while others only received a light frost. Some early seeded canola crops have been damaged by frost. Germination of crops has been reported, but emergence is very slow. Some crops have been in the ground for 2 weeks, with little to no emergence.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land are 82 per cent adequate and 10 per cent short.  Topsoil moisture conditions on hay and pasture land are 90 per cent adequate and 10 per cent short.

Some farmers are still feeding cattle at the yard, due to slow growth of pastures.

Farmers are busy seeding, land rolling, moving cattle to pasture and applying weed control products.


South western Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

Sixty-six per cent of the 2009 crop is in the ground. Several areas are reporting up to 93 per cent of the crop is seeded. Ninety-two per cent of the field peas, 51 per cent of the chickpeas, 85 per cent of lentils, 64 per cent of canola and 65 per cent of the durum are seeded. The region had some precipitation last week in the form of snow and rain, with 6 mm on average. Areas around Maple Creek received around 20 mm of precipitation, while many other areas received between 10-15 mm.  There are still some areas reporting dry conditions.

It was a cool, damp and windy week, making weed control operations in the field difficult and efficacy of control products limited. There were many reports of farmers looking to control weeds in crop.

Early seeded peas, lentils and cereals are starting to emerge. Topsoil moisture conditions for crop land are 71 per cent adequate and 25 per cent short.  Hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 64 per cent adequate and 30 per cent short. 

Seeding is nearing completion for some farmers.

Farmers are seeding, rolling, taking cattle to pasture, and applying weed control products when weather allows. 


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6A)

Farmers have an average of 25 per cent of the crop seeded. Sixty-six per cent of field peas, 31 per cent of lentils, 27 per cent of canola, and 29 per cent of the wheat have been seeded. Temperatures were cold and windy with some areas receiving snow.  The Neudorf area received almost eight cm of snow. Weed control operations were limited due to weather conditions. Warm and calm days would be welcome. 

Topsoil moisture conditions for cropland are 88 per cent adequate and eight per cent surplus.  Hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 83 per cent adequate and 13 per cent short. 

Farmers were also busy with rock picking, pre seed weed control, putting down fertilizer and taking cattle to pasture. Some are still feeding cows at the yard, as pastures are slow at getting started. There are concerns of the effectiveness of pre-seed burn-off, due to freezing at night and cool days.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

An average of 63 per cent of the 2009 crop has been seeded. Ninety-two per cent of peas, 74 per cent of lentils, 50 per cent of canary seed, 57 per cent of canola and 70 per cent of the durum has been seeded to date. Precipitation fell in the form of snow and rain, in some areas. CD 6B received on average 21 mm of rain, with the Hanley and Conquest areas receiving 50 mm and 35 mm, respectively.  CD 7A did not get much rain.  The area around Eston received 8 mm.  CD 7B received a weekly average of 2.4 mm of precipitation.

Cold nights, cool days with strong winds made up the majority of the week.  There was a report of a plow wind in the Marengo area. There are reports of some peas, lentils and wheat emerging, some have discontinued seeding until soil warms and moisture is received.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions for the area are 42 per cent adequate, 45 per cent short and 13 per cent very short.  Hay and pasture land is sitting at 40 per cent adequate, 41 per cent short and 19 per cent very short.

Farmers are busy seeding, rolling, rock picking and controlling weeds.  


North eastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

The North east has 43 per cent of the crop seeded. Seventy-three per cent of the peas, 36 per cent of canola, 31 per cent of barley, 60 per cent of the wheat and 26 per cent of the oats are seeded. Most areas received some moisture, either snow or rain. Hail was reported in the Tisdale area.  The Tisdale area received 21 mm, with an average of 6 mm for the CD. Crop Districts 8B and 9AE had an average of 3 and 9 mm, respectively. Soil temperature was reported between 2-5°C in the Hoey area and between 6-10°C in the Tisdale area.

Frost occurred almost every night. Early seeded canola has germinated.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are 82 per cent adequate and 17 per cent short for crop land.  Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture conditions are 64 per cent adequate and 36 per cent short.

Farmers are busy seeding, rolling, and controlling weeds.


North western Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

On average, 44 per cent of the crop has been seeded.  Seventy-five per cent of peas, 43 per cent of canola, 53 per cent of wheat and 22 per cent of barley have been seeded. Cool conditions with some precipitation in areas were experienced during the past week. The moisture that fell was definitely welcomed.  Crop Districts 9AW and 9B had an average of 3 and 5 mm of moisture.  The Hafford area received 11 mm.  The areas around Lloydminster and Barthel received 18 and 12 mm, respectively.

Crop land topsoil moisture conditions are currently 73 per cent adequate and 21 per cent short. The hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 53 per cent adequate and 42 per cent short. Short feed supplies and slow pasture growth is a concern.

There were reports of some farmers waiting to receive moisture and warmer temperatures prior to seeding canola. A few R.M's have implemented fire bans.  Some early seeded crops are starting to emerge.

Farmers are busy seeding and controlling weeds.


Growing Degree Days Above 5ºC
calculations based on temperatures given by crop reporters
R.M. Since
April 1
  May
12-18
Total   R.M. Since
April 1
  May
12-18
Total
3 55.5   19 74.5   222 30.75 * 14.5 45.25
17A 25   27.5 52.5   226 30 * 19.5 49.5
38A 58.4     58.4   252 32.65 * 22.6 55.25
38B 66   29.5 95.5   259     21.7  
39     0     271     0.5  
67 37.5 *   37.5   276     10  
69     19.45     277 23.7   22.45 46.15
71     30.8     283     14.1  
73 50   31.5 81.5   285 50.84   22.25 73.09
75     23.3     287 29 * 20.5 49.5
76 55.9     55.9   305     22  
78 49.5   14 63.5   312     8.45  
97 67.5775   20.6 88.177   336 15.5     15.5
99     32.15     339 14   10.25 24.25
108     16.5     340     11.5  
109 52.5 * 17.5 70   343 36.18 *   36.18
123     12.5     370     5  
127 28.755   9.95 38.705   379     12.8  
138 74.5   23 97.5   397 13.4375 * 0 13.4375
141 106.49   37.95 144.44   428 20.35   6.5 26.85
142 28.2025 * 24.5 52.702   429 22.5   11 33.5
151 42.2   14.3 56.5   442 34   1 35
156 17.25   12.5 29.75   456 12   0 12
166 67.5 * 19 86.5   464     4.5  
167 52   18.5 70.5   486     0  
185 19.745 *   19.745   488 12.2 * 0.4 12.6
186 15.75     15.75   496     13  
190     20     498     1.8  
193 4.2775 * 24.4 28.677   502 34   8 42
221     18.1              
* missing 1 to 7 days of data A degree day is defined as a measure of the departure of temperature for a day from some reference temperature. They are expressed in degrees of temperature. For plant growth, a base of 5ºC is generally used, although the base varies for each plant species and, in fact, varies throughout the life of the plant from germination to maturity.  By accumulating degree days throughout the growing season, it is possible to forecast harvesting dates.

 

For more information, contact:
Grant McLean
Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture
Moose Jaw
(306) 694-3592



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