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       Friday, October 20, 2017

1 Year Ago
86 per cent of the 2008 crop had been seeded.
The majority of most crops were behind normal in development.
49 per cent of the crop land had adequate topsoil moisture, while 39 per cent of the hay and pasture land had adequate topsoil moisture.
Wind, frost, hail, gophers, flea beetles, cutworms and pea leaf weevils were sources of crop damage.
60 per cent of pastures were rated as fair to excellent in condition.


Seeding
Progress in SK

Per cent seeded
All Crops

May 25/09

79

5 year avg.
(2004-2008)

76

May 25/08

86

May 27/07

75

May 28/06

80

May 22/05

71

May 23/04

68


Seeding Progress by Crop District

CD

May 25/09

May 25/08

1A

78

85

1B

70

86

2A

69

94

2B

82

92

3ASE

78

96

3ASW

71

86

3AN

85

90

3BS

89

87

3BN

93

95

4A

91

89

4B

91

95

5A

60

81

5B

74

84

6A

73

83

6B

76

80

7A

89

87

7B

89

87

8A

88

86

8B

78

86

9AE

85

93

9AW

71

77

9B

78

77

Provincial

79

86

Saskatchewan farmers are reporting 79 per cent of the 2009 crop seeded. The five-year average for this time of the year is 76 per cent complete.

Early seeded peas, lentils, wheat and canola crops are emerging. Frost and dry conditions were the major crop damage reported during the past week.

Saskatchewan pasture conditions have not changed since the end of April, with 65 per cent rated as fair to excellent.

Availability of livestock water has also remained the same since the end of April. Reporters are indicating 92 per cent with adequate water supply.

Across the province, topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 72 per cent adequate on crop land and 62 per cent adequate on hay and pasture land.

Crop reports from some of the western half of the province indicate topsoil moisture conditions are declining. In some areas of the west, topsoil moisture conditions are rated from short to very short.

Rain and heavy thunder showers were reported in some parts of the province.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

Southeastern Saskatchewan has 76 per cent of the crop in the ground, up from 37 per cent last week. Temperatures were still cool and below normal with windy conditions.  There were some nights where temperatures dipped below zero for a time. The days are starting to warm up.

Most of the region had rain showers.  The areas around Moosomin, Whitewood and Glenavon received 17 mm of rain. Several other areas received above 10 mm of rain. CD 1A averaged 4 mm, 1B- 9 mm, 2A- 7 mm, 2B- 12 mm and 3 ASE- 9 mm. 

Topsoil moisture conditions for crop land are reported as 90 per cent adequate.  Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture conditions are 79 per cent adequate and 18 per cent short. Livestock water supplies are rated as 97 per cent adequate.

Pasture conditions in the area are rated as eight per cent excellent, 43 per cent good, 27 per cent fair and 18 per cent poor.  Reporters indicated the cool spring has delayed growth in the pastures.

Early seeded peas, wheat and canola crops are emerging. Some of the oilseed crops have experienced frost conditions; however it is too early to assess the extent of the damage.  There were also reports of frost damage on alfalfa stands.

Farmers are busy seeding, land rolling, moving cattle to pasture, and applying weed control products when weather allows. Good seeding progress was made during the past week.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

Eighty-seven per cent of the 2009 crop is in the ground. Some areas are reporting seeding is completed in their area. Weather conditions were generally cool and windy at the start of the week with spotty thundershowers and warmer weather toward the end of the week. The area received an average of 14 mm of rain. Moisture was welcomed.  CD 3ASW received on average 22 mm, 3AN - average 25 mm, 3BS- average 16 mm and 4A- average 11 mm.  CD 3BN and 4B received on average 4 and 2 mm of rain, respectively.  The area around Coderre received 52 mm in a short amount of time.

Topsoil moisture conditions for crop land were reported as 66 per cent adequate, 29 per cent short and four per cent very short. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay and pasture land are rated as 59 per cent adequate, 29 per cent short and 11 per cent very short.  Availability of livestock water supplies are 82 per cent adequate and 18 per cent inadequate. Pasture conditions are being reported as 32 per cent good, 45 per cent fair, 11 per cent poor and 11 per cent very poor.

Early seeded crops are emerging. There were some reports of frost damage; however it is too early to assess the extent of the damage.  There were some reports of winter cereal crops being worked up and reseeded.

Farmers are seeding, rolling, taking cattle to pasture, controlling gophers, and applying weed control products when weather allows. 

Gardens are being planted and Saskatoon's are blooming in the coulees.


East-central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6A)

Farmers have seeded an average of 69 per cent of the crop. Temperatures were cold and windy with some areas receiving rain and snow. Snow was reported in the CD's 5B and 6A.  The area received an average of 8 mm of rain. The area around Craik received 35 mm in two days.

Topsoil moisture conditions for cropland are 89 per cent adequate.  Hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 77 per cent adequate and 21 per cent short.  Pasture conditions are reported as 19 per cent good, 38 per cent fair and 35 per cent poor.  The cool spring has resulted in limited pasture growth. Livestock water supplies are rated as 99 per cent adequate.

Early seeded crops are starting to emerge.  Some crops have been in the ground for three weeks. Winter wheat is around the six leaf stage. Healthy and adequate stands of winter wheat crops have been reported.  Some crops and alfalfa had frost damage.

Farmers were busy with pre seed weed control, and taking cattle to pasture. Some are still feeding cows at the yard, as pastures have had a slow start.

There are concerns on the timing and effectiveness of pre-seed burn-off, due to freezing temperatures during some nights and cool days.


West-central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

An average of 84 per cent of the 2009 crop has been seeded. Cool and windy days made up the majority of the week, with some moisture and warmer temperatures toward the end of the week.  The region received an average of 4 mm. CD 7B had an average of 8 mm of rain. Areas around Dinsmore and Sonningdale received 6 and 7 mm, respectively. Many areas are still in need of rain.  There are reports of some peas, lentils and wheat emerging.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions for the area are 35 per cent adequate, 37 per cent short and 28 per cent very short.  Hay and pasture land is sitting at 33 per cent adequate, 44 per cent short and 23 per cent very short. Topsoil moisture conditions have declined since last week's Crop Report. Pasture conditions for the region are six per cent good, 35 per cent fair, 43 per cent poor and 16 per cent very poor. These percentages have decreased in the good condition rating, and increased in the fair, poor and very poor since the end of April. Availability of livestock water supplies are rated as 83 per cent adequate and 17 per cent inadequate.

Some early seeded crops are emerging. There was good seeding progress made during the past week. The recent warm weather has weeds growing rapidly. There were some reports of delaying seeding of canola and mustard until moisture is received.

Farmers are busy seeding, rolling, and controlling weeds.  


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

The North east has 83 per cent of the crop seeded. The nights were generally cool, with warmer days towards the end of the week. CD 8A received an average of 4 mm, 8B- 9 mm and 9AE- 8 mm. The areas around Vonda and Alvena received an average of 15 and 19 mm of rain, respectively. There are still areas that moisture is needed.

Early seeded crops are starting to emerge. Relatively little crop damage was reported.

Good seeding progress was made during the past week.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are 74 per cent adequate and 24 per cent short. Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture conditions are 54 per cent adequate and 44 per cent short. Pasture conditions have declined from the end of April. Forty-five per cent is rated in good condition, 12 per cent in fair condition, 22 per cent in poor condition and 20 per cent in very poor condition. Livestock water availability is reported as 99 per cent adequate.

Farmers are busy seeding, rolling, and controlling weeds when weather allows.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

On average, 74 per cent of the crop has been seeded.  Cool conditions and frost at night was reported.  Some areas did receive rain or snow, while others are still very dry.  The moisture that fell was definitely welcomed.  Crop District 9AW had an average of 18 mm of rain; with most areas above 10 mm. CD 9B had an average of 6 mm of moisture.  The Duck Lake and Medstead areas received 22 mm.  Debden and Hafford received 32 and 17 mm, respectively.   

Crop land topsoil moisture conditions are currently 67 per cent adequate, 23 per cent short and nine per cent very short. The hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 46 per cent adequate, 35 per cent short and 18 per cent very short.  Pasture conditions are 14 per cent good, 31 per cent fair and 46 per cent poor.  Availability of livestock water supplies is 93 per cent adequate.

Some early seeded crops are starting to emerge. Cold and windy conditions have made weed control a challenge. The remainder of the 2008 crops that were left out last fall have been harvested and binned. There was some minor frost damaged reported on emerging canola.

Farmers are busy seeding, controlling weeds and gophers.


Growing Degree Days Above 5ºC

calculations based on temperatures given by crop reporters

R.M.

Since April 1

 

May 19-25

Total

 

R.M.

Since April 1

 

May 19-25

Total

3

74.5

 

34

108.5

 

193

28.6775

 

40.4

69.1

17A

52.5

 

40.5

93.0

 

222

45.25

 

38.5

83.8

38A

58.4

 

30.5

88.9

 

225

 

*

30.3

 

38B

95.5

 

36

131.5

 

226

49.5

 

36

85.5

39

6.5

 

6.5

13.0

 

252

55.25

 

30.7

86.0

67

37.5

 

33.5

71.0

 

259

 

*

27.7

 

69

 

*

28.3

 

 

271

 

*

19

 

71

 

*

33.1

 

 

277

46.15

 

22.9

69.1

73

81.5

 

43

124.5

 

283

 

*

27.6

 

75

 

*

45.1

 

 

285

73.09

 

33.6

106.7

76

55.9

 

35.5

91.4

 

287

49.5

 

31

80.5

78

63.5

 

34

97.5

 

336

15.5

 

24.5

40.0

97

88.1775

 

30.4

118.6

 

339

24.25

 

20.8

45.1

109

70

 

24.5

94.5

 

340

 

*

27

 

123

 

*

15

 

 

343

36.18

 

34.4

70.6

124

 

*

15.1

 

 

370

 

*

23.5

 

127

38.705

 

29.2

67.9

 

379

 

*

23.9

 

138

97.5

*

 

97.5

 

397

13.4375

 

18.5

31.9

141

144.44

 

51.7

196.1

 

428

26.85

 

27

53.9

142

52.7025

 

58.7

111.4

 

429

33.5

*

 

33.5

151

56.5

 

26.3

82.8

 

442

35

 

21.5

56.5

156

29.75

 

19

48.8

 

456

12

 

15.5

27.5

166

86.5

 

39

125.5

 

486

 

*

16.5

 

167

70.5

 

34

104.5

 

488

12.6

 

16.5

29.1

185

19.745

*

26.3

46.0

 

496

 

*

32

 

186

15.75

*

24.5

40.3

 

502

42

 

28

70.0

190

 

*

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* missing 1 to 7 days of data   
A degree day is defined as a measure of the departure of temperature for a day from some reference temperature.  They are expressed in degrees of temperature. For plant growth, a base of 5ºC is generally used, although the base varies for each plant species and, in fact, varies throughout the life of the plant from germination to maturity.  By accumulating degree days throughout the growing season, it is possible to forecast harvesting dates. 

For more information, contact:

Grant McLean
Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture
Moose Jaw
(306) 694-3592


 



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