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       Friday, October 20, 2017

One year ago
Crops were two weeks behind normal in development in many areas. Seventy-four per cent of the 2008 hay harvest was complete. Combining of the 2008 crop was just getting underway.

Sixty-eight per cent of the 2009 hay crop has been baled or put into silage, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report. Nineteen per cent of the hay crop has been cut but not baled, and 13 per cent of the crop remains standing.

Swathing and combining of fall rye, winter wheat, peas and lentils has just nicely started in some areas of the province. Sixteen per cent of the fall rye has been swathed.

Topsoil moisture conditions have improved somewhat over the past week. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 62 per cent adequate, 31 per cent short and five per cent very short, while hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 50 per cent adequate, 41 per cent short and nine per cent very short.

Five per cent of the hay crop is rated as excellent in quality, 51 per cent is rated as good quality, 26 per cent is rated as fair and four per cent poor.  Most reporters have indicated a second cut of hay is unlikely.

Dry conditions and insects - primarily grasshoppers, wheat midge and pea aphids - are causing the majority of crop damage. Hail and wind caused some crop damage in the northwest region. Wind damage was reported in the southwest region.

Farmers are busy haying, hauling grain, scouting fields, controlling insects and getting ready for harvest.  Some heat and rain would be appreciated to help mature the crops, as well as a long open fall to get quality crops in the bin.

 

 Saskatchewan Crop Insurance Corporation Reminder:

The deadline to select winterkill coverage for fall rye and winter wheat is August 25.

 


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

Temperatures dropped during the last week. Varying amounts of moisture fell in the region. CD 1A averaged 8 mm; CD 1B, 11 mm; CDs 2A and 2B, 6mm; and CD 3ASE, 3mm. Areas around Spring Valley, Marquis and Moose Jaw received no rain. The Moosomin and Grenfell areas received 20 mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions have declined from last week. Conditions are being reported as 38 per cent adequate, 55 per cent short and seven per cent very short on cropland.  Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture conditions are 26 per cent adequate, 61 per cent short and 12 per cent very short. Cropland topsoil moisture in CDs 1A and 1B is reported as 65 and 55 per cent short, respectively. Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 68 and 64 per cent short in these crop districts.

Harvesting has just begun in some areas of the region. Some farmers in the Odessa area are swathing peas. Nineteen per cent of the fall rye has been swathed.

Haying is continuing. Seventy-five per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage, up from 59 per cent last week. Fifteen per cent has been cut, but not baled, and 10 per cent remains standing. Six per cent is rated as excellent quality, 56 per cent good, 25 per cent fair and three per cent poor quality. CDs 2A and 2B have 78 per cent of the hay crop baled or put into silage, while CD 1B has 72 per cent of the hay rolled up or put into silage.

Insects and dry conditions are causing the majority of crop damage. The dry conditions were reported mostly in CDs 1A and 1B. Grasshoppers, pea aphids and wheat midge are causing the majority of the insect damage. Tan spot and ascochyta are also present in some fields. Gophers are causing damage in isolated areas of the region.

Farmers are busy controlling insects, haying, hauling bales and grain, and getting ready for harvest. The cool weather has slowed crop development. Rain and heat would help fill crops and allow continued growth in pastures. The risk of frost is on everyone's mind.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

The southwest was cool and windy with scattered rain showers. A severe thunderstorm on the weekend brought strong winds and lots of lightning. CDs 3ASW and 3AN received close to 10 mm of rain on average. CDs 3BS and 4A received on average 12 mm of moisture. CD 3BN received an average of 19 mm. CD 4B averaged 29 mm. Areas around Limerick, Gravelbourg and Eastend received around 20mm; Swift Current area, 25 mm; Gull Lake and Hazlet, 28 mm. The Leader area received 48 mm.

Harvest is underway. Fall rye being swathed and winter wheat is ready to straight-combine in some areas. Twenty-eight per cent of the fall rye has been swathed and three per cent is ready to straight-combine. Triticale, lentils and peas are being swathed in CDs 4A and 4B. There are some fields of peas ready to straight-combine in those CDs as well. Camelina crops are being swathed.

Topsoil moisture conditions have improved from last week, due to the thunderstorm Cropland topsoil moisture was reported as 69 per cent adequate, 26 per cent short and five per cent very short. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay and pasture land are rated as 49 per cent adequate, 42 per cent short and eight per cent very short.

Haying is nearing completion as 80 per cent of the hay crop is wrapped up or put into silage. Six per cent remains standing and 12 per cent is cut. Hay quality is reported as six per cent excellent, 40 per cent good, 34 per cent fair and two per cent poor. Haying is most advanced in CD 3BS, with 93 per cent of the hay crop baled or put into silage. CD 3ASW has 71 per cent of the hay wrapped up. The high winds caused some hay swaths to tumble.

The majority of this weeks's crop damage was attributed to grasshoppers, gophers and dry conditions. Grasshoppers continue to cause most of the damage, particularly in lentil crops. The wind on Aug 1 lodged some mustard and canola crops in the Lisieux area. A few fields of lentils and peas have been desiccated in the Ponteix and Stewart Valley areas. Harvest is expected be in full swing in one to two weeks.

Farmers are busy scouting fields, readying harvest equipment and controlling insects. Heat, rain and an open fall are needed to get a quality crop in the bin.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6A)

Rainy and cool days made up the majority of last week in the east-central region of the province. Light frost was reported in the Leroy area on July 28 when the temperature dropped to -0.5°C. CD 5A averaged 14 mm of moisture; CD 5B averaged 20 mm; and CD 6A, 7 mm. Many areas received more than 15 mm of moisture. The Jedburgh, Rama and Elfros areas received close to 33 mm, while the Foam Lake and Wynard areas received 25 mm.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions have improved in the region, as reporters are indicating 73 per cent is adequate, 23 per cent is short and four per cent is very short. Hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 57 per cent adequate, 34 per cent short and nine per cent very short.

Sixty-six per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage. Twenty per cent is cut but not baled and 14 per cent remains standing. Three per cent of the hay crop is reported to be in excellent quality, 57 per cent good, 20 per cent fair and six per cent poor quality. CD 6A is the furthest advanced in hay harvest, with 69 per cent rolled up or put into silage. CD 5A has 61 per cent of the hay crop harvested. The cool, damp weather increased the drying time of cut hay.

Swathing field peas has just begun in all crop districts in the region, with eight per cent reported as swathed.

The majority of the crop damage was recorded in CD 6A, where dry conditions, wheat midge, wind and hail caused problems.

Farmers are busy haying and getting ready for harvest. The cool weather has helped by reducing drought stress in some crops; more importantly however, rain and heat are needed. Most crops are at least two weeks away from harvest. The risk of frost is making farmers nervous.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

The past week was a cooler than normal week, with spotty showers. CD 6B averaged 3 mm of moisture. CD 7A averaged 9 mm and CD 7B averaged 7 mm. The Denzil and Smiley areas received 21 and 15 mm, respectively. The Biggar and Kerrobert areas did not receive any moisture.

Harvest has yet to begin in the region. There are some reports of lentils being swathed and desiccated.

Average cropland moisture conditions have declined from last week, and are rated as 46 per cent adequate, 41 per cent short and 12 per cent very short. Hay and pasture land is sitting at 35 per cent adequate, 42 per cent short and 23 per cent very short.

The 2009 hay crop is 69 per cent baled or put into silage, 14 per cent is cut down and 17 per cent is still standing. Hay quality is reported as five per cent excellent, 45 per cent good, 25 per cent fair and 10 per cent poor. CD 6B is the furthest advanced in haying, with 79 per cent complete. CD 7A is 49 per cent complete. Haying was delayed somewhat this week, due to high humidity slowing the drying time of hay lying in the swath.

Crop damage was caused primarily by dry conditions and insects (grasshoppers and wheat midge).

Farmers are busy haying, scouting fields, preparing for harvest and hauling grain. Once again, heat and rain are needed, and the possibility of early frost is a concern, due to the late development of crops.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

Cool temperatures, clouds and isolated showers made up the majority of the weather conditions in the northeast region during the past week. Most areas received moisture. CD 8A averaged 8 mm; CD 8B, 24 mm; and 9AE, 21 mm. The Melfort area received 36 mm; the Humboldt and Bruno areas, 30 mm; and the Prince Albert area, 27 mm.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are virtually unchanged from last week. Seven per cent is reported as surplus, 74 per is reported as adequate and 19 per cent is short. Hay and pasture land topsoil moisture conditions are 70 per cent adequate and 30 per cent short.

Harvest has not started in the region.

Fifty-two per cent of the hay crop is baled or put into silage (up from 33 per cent last week), 33 per cent is cut but not baled and 15 per cent remains standing in the field. Fifty-five per cent of the hay is reported as good quality and 36 per cent is fair. CD 8B has 38 per cent of the hay harvest completed, while CD 8A has 63 per cent completed.

Wheat midge was the cause of the majority of the crop damage reported. The recent rains have improved crop condition, but harvest is still two to three weeks behind normal. Heat is needed to fill crops and get them off the field prior to the first frost.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

It was cool and damp in the northwest during the past week. CD 9AW received an average of 8 mm of moisture, while CD 9B averaged 12 mm. The Shellbrook and Frenchman Butte areas received 25 and 20 mm, respectively. Many areas received more than 10mm. The North Battleford area received only trace amounts.

Topsoil moisture conditions improved somewhat from last week. Cropland topsoil moisture is reported as 84 per cent adequate and 16 per cent short. The hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 72 per cent adequate and 28 per cent short.

There were no reports of harvest activity, other than some greenfeed being harvested.

Haying is continuing, with 47 per cent of the hay rolled up or put into silage (up from 33 per cent last week), 30 per cent  cut but not baled and 23 per cent still standing. The damp conditions have slowed haying. Ten per cent of the hay crop is reported as excellent quality, 60 per cent good and 15 per cent fair. Cereal silage operations are occurring.

Hail, wind and wheat midge caused the majority of the crop damage. Hail occurred in the Turtleford and Lloydminster areas. Grasshoppers are causing damage in a few areas. Mildew was reported in some pea crops.

Canola and wheat are blooming. Crops look fairly good, but the cool weather is delaying maturity and the number of frost-free days is limited. Farmers are busy haying, controlling insects and scouting fields. The Rapid View area is reporting a good crop of wild saskatoons.




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