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       Friday, October 20, 2017
Harvest Completed by Region
October 26th, 2009
South east 85
South west 96
East central 71
West central 81
North east 68
North west 61

Continued wet weather has resulted in little progress being made with the harvest since the beginning of October. In total, 79 per cent of the 2009 crop is in the bin, an increase of only two per cent since last week, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report. 

Over the past month, farmers have been harvesting their crops at an extremely slow pace, if they are harvesting at all. The crops that can be harvested are coming off the fields wet, and are being placed into dryers and aeration storage to try to deal with the moisture. The wet weather has left many farmers unable to enter their fields or drive loaded trucks on roads. Last year at this time, Saskatchewan farmers had almost all the crop in the bin.

Many farmers with crop still in the field are indicating that they will have to wait for the ground to freeze and dry up before they can finish their harvest. Twelve per cent of the provincial crop remains in the swath, four per cent is standing and five per cent is ready to straight-combine.

Seventy-eight per cent of the spring wheat, 91 per cent of the durum, 59 per cent of the oats, 86 per cent of the barley, 33 per cent of the flax, 69 per cent of the canola, 89 per cent of the mustard, 59 per cent of the canary seed, 85 per cent of the chickpeas and three per cent of the sunflowers have been combined. All regions of the province still have crops in the field, with the northern and east-central regions having the largest amount of unharvested crop.

Province-wide, cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 25 per cent surplus, 56 per cent adequate, 14 per cent short and four per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as eight per cent surplus, 65 per cent adequate, 16 per cent short and nine per cent very short.

Snow and rain were the major causes of crop damage last week. The recent weather has caused bleaching, sprouting, lodging and shattering. The snow has caused standing crops to lodge and swaths to settle into the ground. Combines and trucks are leaving ruts in the fields. There are also reports of wildlife (mostly geese) damaging crops in the swaths. Farmers are baling straw, hauling bales, cleaning corrals and applying fall fertilizer when weather allows.

Producers are doing what they can to get the crop off the field and are closely monitoring the grain in the bin. 


Please note:  This is the last REGULAR Crop Report with a FINAL Crop Report being released on November 12. If necessary, a supplementary Crop Report will be compiled in December to capture additional information.

Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

Southeast Region
Harvest Progress October 26, 2009 (%)
  Standing Swathed Ready to
straight-cut
Combined
Spring wheat 1 6 2 89
Durum 2 4 3 89
Oats 2 15 1 82
Barley 0 2 1 96
Flax 26 10 20 44
Canola 0 12 0 88
Mustard 1 2 5 94
Sunflowers 72 0 25 3
Canaryseed 23 14 12 51

Weather conditions have not changed since last week. Decent weather on Oct. 26 allowed some farmers to restart combining but the rain and snow returned on Oct. 27, stalling operations again. Most areas in the region reported both and snow. Precipitation ranged from nil to 23 mm. The Manor area received 23 mm; the Moosomin and Ceylon areas received 12 mm. Most other areas recorded moisture below 10 mm. Average precipitation for CD 1A was 9 mm; CD 1B, 6 mm; CD 2A, 5 mm; CD 2B, 2 mm and CD 3ASE, 9 mm.

Harvest is advancing at a crawling pace, with only 85 per cent of the crop harvested. Most farmers are taking tough and wet crops off the fields, and either drying and aerating it in the yard or finding custom dryers to do the job. The lack of progress during October has been frustrating and has many wondering if some of the crop will be left out until the spring. Fields are quite wet in some areas, causing additional problems. Some are considering waiting until freeze-up so they can thresh the crops a little easier and move around the field without causing ruts.  Fall farming activities are still pretty quiet with the exception of hauling bales and bringing the cattle home from pasture if the fields and roads are passable.

Crop reporters are estimating the following average yields for their region: winter wheat 38 bu./ac., spring wheat 35 bu./ac., durum 37 bu./ac., oats 66 bu./ac., barley 56 bu./ac., fall rye 31 bu./ac., triticale 31 bu./ac., flax 23 bu./ac., canola 31 bu./ac., mustard 1,300 lb./ac., sunflower 1,300 lb./ac., lentils 1,400 lb./ac., field peas 35 bu./ac., canary seed 1,300 lb./ac. and chickpeas 970 lb./ac. 

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 28 per cent surplus, 67 per cent adequate and five per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 10 per cent surplus, 86 per cent adequate and four per cent short.

Most of the crop damage was caused by wind, rain and snow, which caused bleaching, lodging and shattering. Farmers are closely monitoring grain in the bins and moving grain around as part of the drying and aeration process.


 Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

Southwest Region
Harvest Progress October 26, 2009 (%)
  Standing Swathed Ready to
straight-cut
Combined
Spring wheat 1 0 1 98
Durum 2 1 1 96
Oats* 0 0 0 86
Barley 1 0 0 98
Flax 17 2 16 64
Canola 0 1 0 99
Mustard 1 0 0 99
Canaryseed 9 0 6 85
 *14 per cent is rated as ‘other'

The week was mostly damp, with some warmer temperatures. Precipitation ranged from nil to 20 mm. Average precipitation for each Crop District is reported as: CD 3SAW, 6 mm; CD 3AN, 2 mm; CD 3BS, 3 mm; CD 3BN, 1 mm; CD 4A, N/A and 4B, 10 mm. The Assiniboia and Maple Creek areas received 20 and 19 mm, respectively. Most other areas received less than 10 mm of rain.  

There was some harvest activity this past week, and the majority of the crop was put in the bin tough.  The southwest has 96 per cent of the crop off the field. Flax, canaryseed and durum comprise the majority of the crops left out in the field. CD 3ASW has the most left to combine: 10 per cent. Farmers are hauling bales and cattle and fencing when the weather allows. The wet conditions have limited activities in the field. Soft ground is making it difficult to haul grain during the day. There are worries that some of the crop will be left in the field until next spring, or maybe even until conditions are more cold and dry. 

Crop reporters are estimating the following average yields for their region: winter wheat 34 bu./ac., spring wheat 32 bu./ac., durum 33 bu./ac., oats 49 bu./ac., barley 47 bu./ac., fall rye 30 bu./ac., triticale 30 bu./ac., flax 18 bu./ac., canola 24 bu./ac., mustard 850 lb./ac., lentils 1,300 lb./ac., field peas 26 bu./ac., canaryseed 900 lb./ac. and chickpeas 1200 lb./ac. 

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are reported as five per cent surplus, 52 per cent adequate, 25 per cent short and 18 per cent very short. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay land and pasture are rated as six per cent surplus, 45 per cent adequate, 23 per cent short and 26 per cent very short.

Bleaching, sprouting and shattering comprised the majority of the damage to crops still in the field.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6A)

East-central Region
Harvest Progress October 26, 2009 (%)
  Standing Swathed Ready to
straight-cut
Combined
Spring wheat* 3 12 8 73
Durum 2 6 9 88
Oats 5 25 9 59
Barley 2 8 2 88
Flax 36 14 33 17
Canola 0 33 1 66
Mustard 13 10 6 71
Canaryseed 33 9 27 31
 * three per cent is rated as ‘other'

The region experienced damp and cool conditions throughout most of the week, with sunny breaks for some of the day on Oct. 23 and 26. Precipitation ranged from nil to 17 mm, with most areas receiving less than 10 mm. CD 5A received an average of 5 mm. CDs 5B and 6A received 5 and 2 mm, respectively. The Dubuc and Rama areas received 17 and 11 mm, respectively.

Some combines were rolling during the week; however, the crop had to be taken off damp. Crop reporters in many areas are indicating that canola is testing between 12 and 15 per cent moisture; flax is testing 13 per cent and higher, and wheat is testing above 20 per cent. Grain dryers and aeration fans are running, and grain is being hauled to custom dryers. Reporters are indicating that some crops are still too wet to put through the combine. Some farmers are deciding which crops to try to harvest now to avoid winter losses. Crop reporters are indicating that, if drier weather does not arrive soon, there will crop left out until spring. CD 5A has the least amount of crop in the bin: 67 per cent. The crops that have the most acreage still out in the field are canola, flax, oats and canaryseed.

Crop reporters are estimating the following average yields for their region: winter wheat 39 bu./ac., spring wheat 39 bu./ac., durum 39 bu./ac., oats 78 bu./ac., barley 64 bu./ac., fall rye 26 bu./ac., triticale 20 bu./ac., flax 23 bu./ac., canola 32 bu./ac., mustard 1100 lb./ac., lentils 1,400 lb./ac., field peas 39 bu./ac., canaryseed 1,100 lb./ac., chickpeas 1,100 lb./ac. and sunflowers 1,500 lb./ac.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 35 per cent surplus and 65 per cent adequate.  Topsoil moisture conditions on hay land and pasture are rated as 13 per cent surplus, 85 per cent adequate and two per cent short.  

Many areas in the region reported crop damage due to the rain, snow and wind. Bleaching, lodging, sprouting and shattering are the major concerns and are causing significant downgrading. Geese are causing crop damage as well.

Farmers are busy trying to harvest, monitoring tough grain and trying to haul bales.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

West-central Region
Harvest Progress October 26, 2009 (%)
  Standing Swathed Ready to
straight-cut
Combined
Spring wheat 2 11 13 74
Durum 1 13 4 83
Oats* 14 15 11 46
Barley** 2 11 11 73
Flax 42 14 17 27
Canola 0 18 0 81
Mustard 0 13 17 69
Canaryseed 26 2 8 64
 *14 per cent is rated as ‘other'
**three per cent is rated as ‘other'

The week was cool and cloudy with a few sunny breaks for a couple days. Minimal moisture was received, ranging from nil 5 mm. This was still enough to stop the combines. CD 6B averaged 2 mm, CD 7A, 3 mm and CD 7B, 1 mm.

The region has 81 per cent of the 2009 harvest completed. Of the three regions, CD 6B has the most acreage still out in the field. Some combines were harvesting by week's end, but the damp weather resulted in many of those crops being taken off tough. Wheat has been testing above 20 per cent moisture and canola 14 per cent. Farmers are unable to put some of the crops through the combine, as they are too wet. Some farmers are hauling bales and manure although fields are very soft, making movement difficult. There are a few reports of fall fertilizing. Fall activities are occurring when weather permits.  Farmers are frustrated.

Crop reporters are estimating the following average yields for their region: winter wheat 23 bu/ac., spring wheat 32 bu/ac., durum 33 bu./ac., oats 58 bu./ac., barley 49 bu./ac., fall rye 22 bu./ac., triticale 22 bu./ac., flax 20 bu./ac., canola 30 bu./ac., mustard 1,000 lb./ac., lentils 1,300 lb./ac., field peas 37 bu./ac., canaryseed 1,000 lb./ac., chickpeas 900 lb./ac and sunflowers 1,200 lb./ac.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 66 per cent adequate, 32 per cent short and two per cent very short. Forty-two per cent is rated as short in CD 7A. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay land and pasture are rated as 59 per cent adequate, 30 per cent short and 11 per cent very short. Forty-five per cent is rated as short and 40 per cent very short in CD 7A.

Wind and rain were the major causes of crop damage in the region.  Lodging, bleaching, sprouting and shattering are causing downgrading and crop loss. 


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

Northeast Region*
Harvest Progress October 26, 2009 (%)
  Standing Swathed Ready to
straight-cut
Combined
Spring wheat 7 10 6 77
Oats 22 17 8 53
Barley 0 5 3 92
Flax 26 10 56 8
Canola 0 43 0 57
Peas 5 0 0 94
 * CD 9AE was not available to report.
    Percentages from 8A and 8B only.

The northeast region was overcast, cool and damp for most of the week. Precipitation varied from 3 mm to 10 mm. CDs 8A and 8B averaged 6 mm.

The wet fields have made work very difficult for farmers trying to take their crops off the field. Crops are testing very high in moisture content, leading to dryers and aeration fans running constantly. Many are hoping for the ground to freeze to allow them to get the crop out of the field. Storage bins are being closely monitored. Loads are being taken out of bins to help it dry, and to monitor the condition of the crop in the bin. Some farmers are having their crops custom-dried. The combines were driving to the roads to fill the trucks in some areas, slowing things down even more.

Crop reporters are estimating the following average yields for their region: winter wheat 50 bu/ac., spring wheat 38 bu/ac., durum 37 bu./ac., oats 74 bu./ac., barley 65 bu./ac., fall rye 30 bu./ac., flax 21 bu./ac., canola 32 bu./ac., mustard 1,000 lb./ac., lentils 1,100 lb./ac., field peas 37 bu./ac. and canaryseed 1,100 lb./ac.

Topsoil is wet, making it nearly impossible to maneuver in the fields. Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 70 per cent surplus and 17 per cent adequate. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay land and pasture are rated as 25 per cent surplus and 50 per cent.

Rain and snow were the major causes of crop damage in the region. Lodging, bleaching and sprouting is downgrading crops still in the field, greatly concerning farmers wanting to finish harvest before winter.  Geese are also causing crop damage.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

Northwest Region
Harvest Progress October 26, 2009 (%)
  Standing Swathed Ready to
straight-cut
Combined
Spring wheat 6 18 13 61
Oats* 21 29 7 38
Barley 3 14 5 74
Flax N/A N/A N/A N/A
Canola 1 40 8 50
 *five per cent is rated as "other"  

The northwest region had another poor harvesting week, with cool and damp conditions. Most areas reported precipitation. CD 9AW averaged 10 mm and CD 9B averaged 8mm of moisture. The Shellbrook and Leask areas reported 21 and 19 mm, respectively. Most areas reported more than 10 mm.

Farmers are trying to harvest when weather permits, but that means taking the crop off damp in many cases. Wheat and canola are testing over 20 and 15 per cent moisture, respectively. Harvested crops are being put into dryers and aeration bins. Crop reporters are indicating that, as soon as the combines can thresh, they are in the fields.  

Crop reporters are estimating the following average yields for their region: winter wheat 41 bu/ac., spring wheat 41 bu/ac., oats 82 bu./ac., barley 63 bu./ac., fall rye 30 bu./ac., flax 25 bu./ac., canola 32 bu./ac., mustard 1,200 lb./ac. and field peas 38 bu./ac.

Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are reported as 21 per cent surplus, 52 per cent adequate, 24 per cent short and three per cent very short. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay land and pasture are rated as 61 per cent adequate, 34 per cent short and five per cent very short.

Wet and windy conditions caused the crop damage this past week.  Bleaching, sprouting and lodging are causes for concern, as downgrading is occurring every day that the crop is left in the field. 




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