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       Monday, October 23, 2017

The April 13 and 14 rain supplied many farmers and ranchers with soil moisture to help with spring seeding conditions, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's Weekly Crop Report.

The west-central area averaged 27 mm, the southwest region averaged 18 mm and the northwest region averaged 39 mm of moisture.  In the west-central region, the moisture was welcomed, but more is needed to help cope with the dry conditions experienced over the past couple of years.  Crop reporters in the northeast are reporting fields are quite wet in some areas.

Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as eight per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate, eight per cent short and four per cent very short.  Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is rated as four per cent surplus, 72 per cent adequate, 20 per cent short and four per cent very short.

Producers in the southwest have begun seeding peas and mustard.

Crop reporters are indicating that, with a few exceptions, there is an adequate supply of crop input products.  Warm spring temperatures have farmers picking rocks and applying fertilizer and herbicide.  Livestock producers are busy with calving and fixing fences.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

The south east region averaged 14 mm of rain, with the majority of it recorded on April 13 and 14. Precipitation amounts varied across the region with the Marquis area receiving 25 mm, the Gainsborough area recording 17 mm and the Radville area recording 6 mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions for crop land are 86 per cent adequate, nine per cent short and five per cent very short. Hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 71 per cent adequate, 23 per cent short and six per cent very short.

Crop reporters are indicating 75 and 79 per cent of the region had adequate or carry over forage and feed grain supplies, respectively. Twenty-five per cent of the regions livestock producers were faced with inadequate supplies and purchased forage during the winter.

The recent warm spring weather has been a treat for calving. Farmers are busy picking rock, harrowing, applying fertilizer and herbicides. Winter wheat survival seems to be good. Seeding is expected to start next week as fields tend to be drying up quickly.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

The rain received last week will help farmers and ranchers with spring seeding and grazing. The region received 18 mm of moisture on average, ranging from 5 mm to 35 mm. The Bengough and Hazenmore areas received 22 mm, Swift Current area received 17 mm and the Eastend area received 5 mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions for crop land are reported as 71 per cent adequate, 19 per cent short and 10 per cent very short. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay and pasture are 66 per cent adequate, 28 per cent short and six per cent very short. Crop district 3BN is reporting 22 and 24 per cent very short for crop land, hay and pasture moisture conditions, respectively.

Fifty-four per cent of the regions livestock producers had adequate or carry over forage supplies, while 46 per cent found themselves short of forage and had to purchase hay.

Farmers are in the fields preparing for seeding and cattle are being fed at the yard.  Herbicide and fertilizer applications, rock picking and readying machinery are keeping farmers busy. While a few farmers are out putting peas in the ground, the majority of farmers will start seeding next week.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6a)

The region had a good couple days run of rain last week, averaging 28 mm.  The Kelliher, Kuroki, Foam Lake and Craik areas received 25 mm, while other areas around Craik and Hanley received 7 mm and no rain at all. The Humboldt and Nokomis areas received 79 and 68 mm, respectively.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land are eight per cent surplus, 89 per cent adequate, and two per cent short. Hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are reported as five per cent surplus, 81 per cent adequate and 14 per cent short.

Cattle producers in the region had 52 per cent adequate or surplus feed supplies, while 48 per cent were in short supply.

The region had between 30,000 and 35,000 acres of flax, canola or oats left out over winter.

Farmers are busy preparing equipment, applying fertilizer and herbicides, calving, picking rock and cleaning seed. Seeding is expected to start for some late next week. The soil is very wet in areas along the east side of Crop district 6A. The weather is cooperating to get pre-seeding field work complete.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

Rain rolled through the majority of the region last week and crop reporters indicated a range of 10 to 47 mm with an average of 27 mm for the region. The Elbow area received 10 mm, the Perdue, Marengo, Kindersley, Luseland, Major, Sonningdale and Macklin areas all received over 30 mm. Producers in the region would appreciate more rain.

Since the rain, crop reporters have indicated there should be enough moisture to at least get the crop germinated and off to a decent start. Topsoil moisture conditions for crop land are 84 per cent adequate, 13 per cent short and three per cent very short.  Hay and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 69 per cent adequate, 21 per cent short and 10 per cent very short. Crop district 7A is reporting 25 and 43 per cent very short for topsoil moisture, respectively.

Cattle producers in the region had 55 per cent adequate or surplus winter feed for cattle, while 45 per cent indicated a shortage of winter feed.  Between 5,000 and 6,000 acres of flax, canola or oats were left out last fall due to adverse harvesting conditions. Seeding is expected to commence around the last week in April.

Farmers are getting equipment ready for seeding, fixing fence, calving and applying herbicides and fertilizer.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

The region received a bunch of rain last week, ranging from 10 to 74 mm. Most areas received above 25 mm. The Codette area received 30 mm, Lake Lenore - 52 mm and Prince Albert - 74 mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop land are rated as 41 per cent surplus and 59 per cent adequate. Topsoil moisture conditions on hay and pasture are 42 per cent surplus and 58 per cent adequate. Farmers in the region appreciate the rain, but like the warm and windy weather so the fields dry up a little quicker.

Ninety - one per cent of the regions cattle producers had adequate or surplus forage for the winter, while nine per cent were in short supply.

About 60,000 acres of flax, canola, barley and oats was left out in the field over the winter due to adverse harvest conditions.

Farmers are calving, readying machinery, hauling grain and cleaning seed. Some pre-seed field work has started, although most are indicating it is too wet to be in the field at this time. Seeding is expected to start in about two weeks.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

The northwestern region received a fair amount of moisture last week ranging from trace to 87 mm and averaging 39 mm. The majority of the region reported 25 mm or more. The Turtleford and St. Walburg areas reported 38 mm, Speers - 28 mm and Leask - 87 mm.

Crop land topsoil moisture is 10 per cent surplus, 76 per cent adequate, 13 per cent short and one per cent very short. Hay and pasture topsoil moisture is 81 per cent adequate, 17 per cent short and two per cent very short.

Crop reporters have indicated 71 per cent of the cattle producers in the region had adequate or surplus forage supply, while 29 per cent were in short supply and needed to resource forage to complete the winter feeding.

Farmers are busy readying equipment, calving, moving grain, cleaning grain and applying fertilizer to hay land. Farmers are generally pleased with the spring weather.


Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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