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       Monday, October 23, 2017

One year ago
Just over three per cent of the 2009 crop had been combined. Eleven per cent of the lentils and 18 per cent of the peas had been combined. Haying was wrapping up.
Harvest progress was slow due to rain showers in many areas of the province.

Just over two per cent of the 2010 crop has been combined, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report.

An additional nine per cent has been swathed or is ready to straight combine.  The south west has seven per cent combined and 10 per cent is ready to swath or straight combine. When broken down by crop, 24 per cent of the winter wheat and fall rye, six per cent of the lentils, 15 per cent of the peas and three per cent of the mustard have been combined. The five-year provincial average (2005 to 2009) for this time of year is 12 per cent combined and 19 per cent swathed or ready to straight combine. The wet and cool weather has delayed crop maturity and slowed harvest.

Haying continues. Rain and heavy dew continue to slow progress. Saskatchewan livestock producers have 94 per cent of the hay crop cut, with 82 per cent of that baled or put into silage. Quality is rated as 11 per cent excellent, 55 per cent good, 20 per cent fair and two per cent poor.

Pasture conditions are similar to a month ago and are rated as 43 per cent excellent, 50 per cent good and eight per cent fair.  Ninety-nine per cent of livestock producers have adequate water supplies for their livestock.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 29 per cent surplus, 69 per cent adequate and two per cent short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is rated as 16 per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate and four per cent short.

The majority of crop damage is being caused by flooding, wind and disease.

Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest, harvesting and hauling grain.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

Heavy rain swept across most of the region last week. All areas reported rain in amounts ranging from two to 108 mm. The Grenfell area was hit extremely hard on August 23, with heavy rain (108 mm) and severe winds. Swaths were under water and all low-lying areas were submerged. The Alameda area received 19 mm, the Whitewood and Kennedy areas 33 mm, the Weyburn area 67 mm and the Indian Head and Radville areas 50 mm. Most areas reported in excess of 25 mm of rain.

The region has five per cent of the crop combined and 18 per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut.

Ninety-six per cent of the hay crop has been cut. Eighty-eight per cent of this has been baled or put into silage. Eight per cent is in the swath. Hay quality has been reduced in some areas after several rain showers on the swath. Baling hours were cut short due humidity in the evening. Quality is rated as 19 per cent excellent, 50 per cent good and 15 per cent fair. Depending on when and how much rain fell, hay quality is ranges from excellent to poor.

Pasture conditions have improved since last month and are rated as 53 per cent excellent, 43 per cent good and four per cent fair. Ninety-nine per cent of producers are reporting adequate supplies of livestock water. Foot rot is still causing problems in cattle herds.

With the recent rain, topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are now reported as 36 per cent surplus, 63 per cent adequate, one per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as 21 per cent surplus, 76 per cent adequate and three per cent short. Crop District 1B is reporting 51 per cent of cropland has surplus topsoil moisture.

Crop damage is mostly attributed to flooding and wind (lodging). Disease is also damaging crops. The recent rain is raising concerns about disease in ripening pulse crops. Sprouting and bleaching in swathed cereals is also a concern. High winds of 60 to 70 km per hour in the Lampman and Manor areas on Aug 21 blew around swathed canola and peas. There are a few farmers controlling aphids in canaryseed.

Crop maturity has slowed due to cool and wet weather conditions. Some warm weather is needed to push the crops along. Many areas are still one to two weeks behind normal in crop development. Wet fields are causing problems for the combines. As producers put their swathers and combines get into the fields, they are finding more water than they had originally anticipated in some areas. Farmers have started cutting greenfeed crops. Farmers are haying, harvesting, getting ready for harvest and controlling weeds on unseeded acres.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

The region received between zero and 25 mm of rain for the week. Most of the region received more than 15 mm. The Viceroy area received 25 mm, the Spring Valley area 17 mm, the Mankota area 3 mm, the Rush Lake area 6 mm and the Gull Lake area 13 mm. Many areas in CD 3BS and 4A reported no rain for the week.

The region has six per cent of the 2010 crop combined and an additional 10 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Thirty-three per cent of the winter wheat and fall rye, six per cent of the lentils, 30 per cent of the field peas and one per cent of the mustard and canola has been combined.

Haying is wrapping up in the region. Ninety-seven per cent of the hay crop has been cut and 91 per cent of that has been baled or put into silage. Quality is rated as 15 per cent excellent, 68 per cent good and 10 per cent fair. There is some second-cutting of hay on irrigated stands.

Pasture conditions remain similar to one month ago and are rated as 40 per cent excellent, 48 per cent good and 11 per cent fair and one per cent poor. Ninety-six per cent of producers are reporting adequate supplies of livestock water.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as seven per cent surplus, 86 per cent adequate and seven short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as three per cent surplus, 87 per cent adequate and 10 per cent short. Twenty-one per cent of the hay land and pasture in CD 3BS is short of topsoil moisture.

Crop damage has been caused by wind and disease. Hail damage was reported in the Assiniboia, Webb and Gull Lake areas. In some areas, crops were lodged by the high winds.

Farmers are busy finishing up haying and harvesting, getting ready for harvest and hauling bales. Harvest progressed well in areas that did not receive any rain. Warm temperatures in some areas advanced crops rapidly. The recent rain on desiccated pulses and swathed cereals has farmers worried about crop quality. Canada and Sow thistle are problem weeds in areas. A few weeks of dry and sunny weather are needed, as most crops are one to two weeks behind normal in development.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6a)

All crop reporters recorded rain for the past week in amounts ranging from two to 64 mm. CD 5A received between 21 mm and 64 mm. CD 6A received between two and 27 mm. Since April 1, the region has received between 266 mm and 744 mm. The Churchbridge and Stockholm areas recorded 58 mm, the Saltcoats area received 64 mm, the Kuroki area 35 mm, the Rama area 28 mm, the Craven area 27 mm and the Nokomis area 10 mm. Night temperatures dipped to as low as 4 C.

Eight per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-combine. Eleven per cent of the winter wheat and four per cent of the field peas has been combined.

Ninety-two per cent of the hay is cut and 79 per cent of that has been baled or put into silage. Haying is progressing slowly due to rain and heavy dew. CD 5B has 87 per cent of the hay cut, with 73 per cent baled or put into silage. Quality in this crop district is rated as 33 per cent fair and 56 per cent poor. Regionally, quality is rated as 17 per cent excellent, 41 per cent good and 31 per cent fair. Depending on when and how much rain fell, hay quality ranges from excellent to poor.

Pasture conditions have improved somewhat since last month and are now rated as 43 per cent excellent, 53 per cent good and four per cent fair. All livestock producers are reporting adequate water supplies for their animals.

Topsoil moisture on cropland is reported as 51 per cent surplus and 49 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 35 per cent surplus, 64 per cent adequate and one per cent short. CDs 5A and 5B are reporting 64 and 77 per cent surplus topsoil moisture on crop land, respectively.

Flooding, wind and hail were the major causes of crop damage. Hail damage was reported in the Foam Lake, Elfros, Wynyard, Quill Lake, Kelvington and Jansen areas. Crop diseases are also causing damage in CD 6A. There were reports of farmers controlling bertha armyworms in the Stockholm area. Crops have lodged in some areas due to heavy rain and wind.

Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest and controlling weeds on unseeded acres. Early-seeded wheat, pulses and canola are being swathed. Moisture in winter wheat was reported at 18 per cent. There are reports of combines getting stuck in winter wheat fields. Crops need an extra two to three weeks of sunny and dry weather to mature. The land has not been given any opportunity to dry out. Getting into the wet fields with equipment is very difficult.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

The region received between zero and 23 mm of rain last week, with most areas recording less than 10 mm. The Sonningdale area received 11 mm, the Hanley area 2 mm, the Marengo area 20 mm, the Kindersley area 12 mm, the Major area 23 mm and the Denzil area 10 mm.

Four per cent of the crop has been combined. Six per cent of the winter wheat, two per cent of the fall rye and one per cent of the field peas has been combined.

Haying continues. The hay swath is slow to dry due to rain and high humidity. Ninety-two per cent of the crop has been cut, and 75 per cent of that has been baled or put into silage. Quality is rated as four per cent excellent, 65 per cent good and 12 per cent fair. Hay quantity and quality are a concern in some areas of the region. CD 7A has 85 per cent of the hay crop cut and 68 per cent of that baled or put into silage. Quality in this crop district is rated as 50 per cent good and 33 per cent fair.

Pasture conditions are much the same as one month ago, and are rated as 54 per cent excellent, 44 per cent good and two per cent fair. Ninety-eight per cent of producers are reporting adequate supplies of livestock water.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 17 per cent surplus, 81 per cent adequate and two per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as eight per cent surplus, 91 per cent adequate and one per cent short.

The majority of crop damage is due to disease. The moisture received in the past few weeks has farmers worried about crop quality. Pulses, particularly lentils, are showing high disease pressures, which is causing quality issues.

Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest and harvesting. Crops are behind normal in development by one to two weeks, so many producers are hoping for warm and sunny weather. Farmers are swathing peas, canola and winter cereals and desiccating lentils and peas. There are a few pea and canola fields completing flowering. The rains have rendered roads in some RMs impassable by grain trucks and equipment. Sun and heat is needed.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

All areas reported between four and 39 mm of rain for the week. The Tisdale area received 18 mm, the Nipawin area 39 mm, the Vonda area 16 mm, the Alvena and Melfort areas 6 mm and the Prince Albert and Garrick areas 12 mm. Most areas recorded less than 15 mm of moisture. Nighttime temperatures dropped to 5 C in some areas.

Five per cent of the 2010 crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Three per cent of the winter wheat and 19 per cent of the fall rye has been combined. Canola, peas and oats are being swathed or desiccated.

Haying was interrupted again this week by rain, high humidity and heavy dew. Ninety-three per cent of the hay crop has been cut and 81 per cent of this has been baled or put into silage. Quality is rated as 46 per cent good and 46 per cent fair. There are a few reports of livestock producers taking a second cut of hay.

Pasture conditions have improved since last month, and are rated as 32 per cent excellent, 57 per cent good, 10 per cent fair and one per cent poor. All livestock producers are indicating they have adequate water supplies for their animals. Cattle are in excellent shape.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 49 per cent surplus and 51 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 29 per cent surplus and 71 per cent adequate. CD 8A is reporting 83 per cent of its cropland has surplus topsoil moisture.

Crop damage is due to flooding, disease and hail. Hail damage was reported in the Porcupine Plain and Tisdale areas. The heavy rain in some areas has lodged crops. A storm and that went through Porcupine Plain resulted in 50-per-cent hail damage and left canola swaths under water in some areas.

Farmers are busy haying and getting ready for harvest. Crop staging is variable across the region, and crops are still one to two weeks behind normal in development. Many fields are still unable to support equipment. Harvest and weed control equipment is getting stuck in fields. Some farmers managed to get cultivators into the fields. Most crop reporters are indicating it will be two to three weeks until harvest is in full swing.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

Rain was widespread throughout the region, and amounts ranged from one to 22 mm. Most areas recorded less than 10 mm. The Duck Lake and Debden areas received 6 mm, the Meadow Lake area 22 mm, the St. Walburg and Lloydminster areas 11 mm and the Neilburg and North Battleford areas 5 mm.

Two per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Three per cent of the peas are swathed or ready to straight-cut, and four per cent of the canola is swathed.

Haying continues, but progress is slow due to rain, lengthy drying time and heavy dew. Ninety per cent of the hay crop has been cut with 76 per cent of this baled or put into silage. Quality is rated as 44 per cent good, 28 per cent fair and 11 per cent poor. In some areas, hay has been lying in the swath for two weeks. Some farmers have started a second cut of hay, hoping they may be able to bale it in better condition than the first cut.

Pasture conditions are rated as 28 per cent excellent, 65 per cent good and seven per cent fair. Ninety-nine per cent of producers are reporting adequate supplies of livestock water.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as three per cent surplus, 94 per cent adequate and three per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 96 per cent adequate and four per cent short.

Flooding and wind were the causes of most of the crop damage. Disease pressures in pulses have caused some crop damage as well. Some crops are lodging in areas that received heavy rain.

Warm and sunny weather is needed. Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest and harvesting. Peas are being desiccated.


Saskatchewan Harvest Progress August 23, 2010

Winter wheat
  % Standing % in swath % ready to 
straight combine
% combined
SE 28 5 33 34
SW 26 12 28 33
EC 50 10 29 11
WC 59 17 18 6
NE 63 25 9 3
NW N/A N/A N/A N/A
* one per cent is rated as 'other'
Fall rye
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 26 9 23 42
SW 22 21 16 33
EC 39 27 30 4
WC 27 59 12 2
NE 23 19 39 19
NW 100 0 0 0
* eight per cent is rated as 'other'
Spring wheat
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 90 6 3 1
SW 96 2 1 1
EC 98 1 1 0
WC 100 0 0 0
NE 100 0 0 0
NW 100 0 0 0
Durum
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 91 9 0 0
SW 99 1 0 0
EC 100 0 0 0
WC 100 0 0 0
NE 100 0 0 0
NW 100 0 0 0
Oats
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 94 4 2 0
SW 92 6 0 0
EC 100 0 0 0
WC 100 0 0 0
NE 100 0 0 0
NW 100 0 0 0
*two per cent is rated as 'other'
Barley
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 84 9 4 3
SW 96 3 1 0
EC 94 3 3 0
WC 99 1 0 0
NE 97 3 0 0
NW 98 1 1 0
Lentils
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 67 12 7 14
SW 78 7 9 6
EC 93 2 4 1
WC 96 1 3 0
NE 95 2 3 0
NW 100 0 0 0
Peas
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 49 9 18 24
SW 46 5 19 30
EC 74 5 17 4
WC 93 3 3 1
NE 89 9 1 1
NW 97 1 2 0
Canola
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 59 36 4 1
SW 72 27 0 1
EC 87 13 0 0
WC 91 9 0 0
NE 92 8 0 0
NW 96 4 0 0
Mustard
  % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 67 21 1 11
SW 78 13 8 1
EC 85 9 6 0
WC 95 5 0 0
NE 100 0 0 0
NW 100 0 0 0

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Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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