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    Saturday, December 16, 2017

One year ago
Just under eight per cent of the 2009 crop had been combined. An additional 13 per cent was swathed or ready to straight combine. The week was good maturing and harvesting weather.

Eight per cent of the 2010 crop has been combined, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report. An additional 22 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-combine. The five-year provincial average (2005 to 2009) for this time of year is 28 per cent combined and an additional 25 per cent swathed or ready to straight-combine. Another wet week in most areas of the province has delayed crop maturity and slowed harvest.

The southwest has 15 per cent of the crop combined, the southeast 14 per cent, and the northeast and northwest each have two per cent combined. In east-central Saskatchewan, four per cent of the crop is combined and, in west-central Saskatchewan, the figure is six per cent.

Haying is wrapping up in most regions. The wet weather has prolonged the haying season for many Saskatchewan producers. 

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 29 per cent surplus, 68 per cent adequate and three per cent short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is rated as 17 per cent surplus, 78 per cent adequate and five per cent short.

The majority of crop damage is being caused by rain, wind and disease. The strong wind in some areas last week caused some canola, pea and hay swaths to blow around.

Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest, harvesting and hauling bales. Winter wheat is being seeded in some areas.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

Farmers were able to get some combining done during the week, however, by the weekend, the rain set in again, slowing harvest progress. The amount of rain falling on the region ranged from nil to 110 mm. The majority fell on Sunday and Monday (Aug 29 and 30). Windthorst was hit extremely hard, recording 110 mm of rain. The Kisbey area reported 31 mm, the Kennedy and Tantallon areas 50 mm, the Fillmore and Griffin areas 35 mm, the Moose Jaw area 27 mm and the Ceylon area 36 mm. Most areas reported more than 20 mm of rain.

Farmers made good harvest progress at the beginning of the week and have 14 per cent of the crop combined and 30 per cent of the crop swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, eight per cent of the crop had been combined and 17 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut.

Many crop reporters are having difficulty assessing yields at this time due to crop immaturity, flooded areas and disease. The average yields for the region are as follows: winter wheat 50 bu/ac, spring wheat 34 bu/ac, durum 32 bu/ac, oats 65 bu/ac, barley 51 bu/ac, fall rye 48 bu/ac, flax 20 bu/ac, canola 28 bu/ac, mustard 880 lb./ac, lentils 1,100 lb./ac, peas 30 bu/ac, canaryseed 1,400 lb./ac and chickpeas 1,200 lb./ac. 

Haying has essentially finished in the region. Farmers are cutting greenfeed crops.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are reported as 41 per cent surplus, 58 per cent adequate and one per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as 19 per cent surplus, 78 per cent adequate and three per cent short. Seventy-three per cent of the cropland in Crop District 1B has surplus topsoil moisture.

Crop damage is mostly attributed to wind (lodging and windblown swaths), rain and flooding. Disease is also causing crop damage. The rain is causing some concerns about disease in ripening pulse crops. Sprouting and bleaching in swathed cereals is also a concern.

Although there was one day when the temperature was above 30C, several days of warm weather are still needed to push the crops along. Many areas are still one to two weeks behind normal crop development. Wet fields are causing problems with harvesting equipment. Some farmers are having to dump grain into grain carts on the road as the fields are too soft. With all the rain, many crop reporters are concerned about crop quality. Heavy dew in the mornings and again in the evenings makes for short combining days. Very little fall seeding is being done. Farmers are haying, harvesting, getting ready for harvest and controlling weeds on unseeded acres.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

The region received between zero and 38 mm of rain during the week. Most of it fell on Sunday and Monday. The Viceroy area received 35 mm, the Fife Lake area 32 mm, the Coderre area 24 mm, the Mossbank area 20 mm, the Shaunavon area 30 mm, the Vanguard area 5 mm, the Rush Lake area 17 mm, the Gull Lake area 38 mm, the Eastend area 25 mm, the Hazlet area 21 mm and the Maple Creek and Fox Valley areas 15 mm. Most of the region received more than 15 mm.

Good harvest progress was made until the rain late in the week. The region has 15 per cent of the 2010 crop combined and an additional 16 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, 26 per cent of the crop had been combined and 17 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut.

Crop reporters are indicating the following average crop yields at this time: winter wheat 41 bu/ac, spring wheat 32 bu/ac, durum 33 bu/ac, oats 50 bu/ac, barley 48 bu/ac, fall rye 54 bu/ac, triticale 35 bu/ac, flax 20 bu/ac, canola 27 bu/ac, mustard 1,000 lb./ac, lentils 1,200 lb./ac, peas 30 bu/ac, canaryseed 1,300 lb./ac and chickpeas 1,000 lb./ac.

Haying is wrapping up in the region.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 19 per cent surplus, 79 per cent adequate and two short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as six per cent surplus, 91 per cent adequate and three per cent short.  

Crop damage has been caused by rain, disease and wind (lodging and windblown swaths). Sawflies are causing damage in the wheat, making some farmers hesitant to swath due to the rain.

Farmers are busy finishing up haying, harvesting, getting ready for harvest and hauling bales. Frost is a worry as temperatures have dipped to 5C on occasion. Rain on desiccated/swathed pulses and cereals has farmers worried about crop quality. A few weeks of dry and sunny weather are needed, as most crops are one to two weeks behind normal in development.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6a)

It was another wet week in the east-central region. Rain fell in amounts ranging from zero to 58 mm. CD 5A received between 8 mm and 64 mm. CD 5B received between 2 mm and 28 mm. CD 6A received between zero and 31 mm. Since April 1, the region has received between 271 mm and 752 mm. The Ituna area recorded 58 mm, the Goodeve area 8 mm, the Churchbridge area 36 mm, the Kamsack area 28 mm, the Quill Lake area 2 mm, the Craven area 31 mm and the Leroy area 10 mm.  

The weather co-operated early in the week and allowed some harvesting and haying to continue. Four per cent of the crop is combined and an additional 26 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, two per cent of the crop had been combined and eleven per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut.

Crop yields are difficult to assess at this time. Crop reporters are indicating the following average yields: winter wheat 42 bu/ac, spring wheat 32 bu/ac, durum 34 bu/ac, oats 65 bu/ac, barley 50 bu/ac, fall rye 30 bu/ac, triticale 25 bu/ac, flax 26 bu/ac, canola 24 bu/ac, mustard 900 lb./ac, lentils 1,100 lb./ac, peas 32 bu/ac, canaryseed 900 lb./ac and chickpeas 1,400 lb./ac.

Haying is continuing in the region. Many producers are indicating that quality is poor because of all the rain that has fallen on the swaths. Some hay fields are under water.  

Topsoil moisture on cropland is reported as 59 per cent surplus, 40 per cent adequate and one per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 50 per cent surplus, 47 per cent adequate and three per cent short. In CDs 5A and 5B respectively, 75 and 89 per cent of the cropland has surplus topsoil moisture.

Flooding, wind (lodging) and rain were the major causes of crop damage. Rain on mature crops is leading to damage from crop diseases. The number of flooded acres continues to increase as the rain continues.

Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest, harvesting and controlling weeds on unseeded acres. Canola crops are weedy in some areas. Some crops are ready to swath, but the rain is keeping farmers out of the fields. Crop quality is being reduced in the swath. Some winter wheat is being seeded, although most fields are difficult to access with seeding equipment. There are reports of combines getting stuck in winter wheat fields. In general, crops need two to three weeks to mature. Sunny and dry weather is needed. Frost is a concern.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

The rain missed the majority of the west-central region, so good harvest progress was made.  The amount of rain that fell in the region ranged from zero to 11 mm. The Dinsmore area recorded 11 mm, the Elbow and Conquest areas 3 mm and the Outlook, Hanley and Kerrobert areas 1 mm.  One crop reporter indicated this is the first week since April 1 in which he has not recorded rain.

Six per cent of the 2010 has been combined, with an additional 18 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut. Farmers were focused on swathing and desiccating this week. Last year at this time, four per cent of the crop was combined and 16 per cent was swathed or ready to straight-combine.

Crop reporters are indicating the average crop yields at this time are as follows: winter wheat 43 bu/ac, spring wheat 37 bu/ac, durum 39 bu/ac, oats 76 bu/ac, barley 56 bu/ac, fall rye 54 bu/ac, triticale 42 bu/ac, flax 25 bu/ac, canola 30 bu/ac, mustard 1,200 lb./ac, lentils 1,200 lb./ac, peas 37 bu/ac and canaryseed 1,200 lb./ac.

Haying operations are wrapping up in the region. Good haying progress was made this week.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 15 per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate and five per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as five per cent surplus, 88 per cent adequate and seven per cent short.  

The majority of crop damage is due to disease. The moisture received in the past few weeks has farmers worried about crop quality. Pulses, particularly lentils, are showing high disease pressures. High winds scattered some swaths.  

Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest and harvesting. Crops are behind normal in development by one to two weeks, so many farmers are hoping for warm and sunny weather. Farmers are swathing peas, canola and winter cereals, and desiccating lentils and peas.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

Most of the region received no rain for the week, although the Porcupine Plain area reported 23 mm, the Tisdale area 7 mm and the Alvena area 2 mm.

Significant harvest progress was made this week. Two per cent of the 2010 crop is combined and an additional 25 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut.

Crop yield predictions are quite variable across all crops. Crop reporters in the region are indicating the following average crop yields at this time: winter wheat 38 bu/ac, spring wheat 33 bu/ac, oats 68 bu/ac, barley 50 bu/ac, fall rye 37 bu/ac, flax 17 bu/ac, canola 24 bu/ac, peas 27 bu/ac and canaryseed 1,000 lb./ac.

Good haying progress was made this past week and most producers are nearly finished.  

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 37 per cent surplus and 63 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 26 per cent surplus, 67 per cent adequate and seven per cent short.  Seventy-two per cent of the cropland in CD 8A has surplus topsoil moisture.

Crop damage is due to disease and wind (lodging).

Farmers are busy haying, getting ready for harvest, harvesting and controlling weeds on unseeded acres. Some unseeded fields have been sprayed four times this year. Crop staging is variable, and crops are still one to two weeks behind normal in development. Fields are very wet in areas and swathers are getting stuck.  


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

Only a few areas in the region received any moisture this week. The Rapid View area received 19 mm, the Meadow Lake and Dorintosh areas 2 mm and the Barthel area 3 mm. Low temperatures were recorded in some areas. The Neilburg area hit 0C and the Glaslyn area 3C.

Significant progress was made with swathing. Two per cent of the crop is combined and an additional 18 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut.

Estimated average crop yields for the region are as follows: spring wheat 38 bu/ac, oats 79 bu/ac, barley 65 bu/ac, fall rye 32 bu/ac, flax 20 bu/ac, canola 32 bu/ac and peas 38 bu/ac.

Good haying progress was made, and most producers are nearly finished although there are some areas in which farmers still have some mowing and baling to do.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 93 per cent adequate and six per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 92 per cent adequate and eight per cent short.

Wind and waterfowl are causing crop damage. The wind blew crop and hay swaths around. Disease pressures in pulses have caused some crop damage as well. Some crops are lodging in areas that received heavy rain over the past couple of weeks.

Warm and sunny weather is needed. Farmers are busy finishing haying, hauling bales, getting ready for harvest and harvesting.


Winter
wheat
% Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 7 4 11 78
SW* 14 3 15 68
EC 15 6 34 45
WC 50 20 8 22
NE 45 15 5 35
NW 90 10 0 0
Fall rye % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 10 1 6 83
SW* 12 12 5 60
EC 9 15 19 57
WC 3 63 5 29
NE 20 15 25 40
NW 82 18 0 0
* 11 per cent is rated as 'other'
Spring
wheat
% Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 69 8 17 6
SW* 90 2 6 2
EC 93 2 4 1
WC 93 4 3 0
NE 95 3 1 1
NW 95 4 1 0
Durum % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine 
% combined
SE 83 6 9 2
SW 90 2 6 2
EC 98 2 0 0
WC 93 6 1 0
NE 90 9 0 1
NW N/A N/A N/A N/A
Oats % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 86 8 2 4
SW* 82 7 2 2
EC** 98 1 0 0
WC 96 4 0 0
NE 95 5 0 0
NW 91 6 0 0
*seven per cent is rated as 'other**
one per cent is rated as 'other''
three per cent is rated as 'other'
Barley % Standing % in swath

% ready to
straight combine

% combined
SE 65 12 8 15
SW 91 1 5 3
EC 89 5 4 2
WC 96 4 0 0
NE 81 8 7 4
NW 86 13 1 0
Lentils % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 40 18 9 33
SW 46 7 23 24
EC 55 2 37 6
WC 84 9 6 1
NE 63 10 26 1
NW 81 0 3 16
Peas % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 16 12 11 61
SW 21 0 16 63
EC 36 6 31 27
WC 66 6 20 8
NE 61 4 22 13
NW 72 2 11 15
Canola % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 33 57 0 10
SW 32 56 6 6
EC 53 45 1 1
WC 56 44 0 0
NE 55 44 0 1
NW 65 35 0 0
Mustard % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine
% combined
SE 66 27 1 6
SW 53 12 18 17
EC 66 18 9 7
WC 77 22 0 1
NE 95 5 0 0
NW 100 0 0 0
Triticale % Standing % in swath % ready to
straight combine 
% combined
SE 100 0 0 0
SW* 48 9 2 4
EC 100 0 0 0
WC 96 4 0 0
*37 per cent is rated as 'other'.
 
Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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