Crop Report 2010
Crop Report for the Period August 31 to September 6, 2010
Thirteen per cent of the 2010 crop has been combined, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report. An additional 31 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-combine.
The five-year provincial average (2005 to 2009) for this time of year is 35 per cent combined and an additional 29 per cent swathed or ready to straight-combine. Significant rainfall during the week in most areas of the province continues to delay crop maturity and slow harvest.
The southwest has 22 per cent of the crop combined, the southeast 19 per cent, and the northeast and west-central regions have seven per cent combined. In east-central Saskatchewan, eight per cent of the crop has been combined and in northwest Saskatchewan, six per cent has been combined.
The majority of crop damage is being caused by rain and disease. Lodging, flooding, bleaching and sprouting caused by the rain are damaging crops. Wheat stem sawflies are causing damage in the southwest region. Hail was reported in some areas. Fields are very wet, making harvest difficult.
Producers are trying to finish up haying. Rain continues to delay the completion of the haying season.
Farmers are also busy harvesting, hauling bales and trying to control weeds on unseeded acres.
Saskatchewan Crop Insurance Report
For producers who selected winterkill insurance, fall rye and winter wheat must be seeded by September 15 to be eligible.
The deadline to submit forage claims and declarations is September 30. If producers have not completed harvest by this date, they may request an extension of insurance. Forage claims submitted between October 1 and November 15 will have claims reduced by 25 per cent; claims will not be accepted after November 15.
September 30 is also the deadline to submit Excess Moisture Program (EMP) applications for acres unseeded by June 20 or seeded and subsequently flooded on or before July 31.
The last day for AgriStability participants to submit their 2009 program forms without penalty is September 30, 2010.
Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)
Between 5 mm and 73 mm of rain fell on the region during the week, slowing harvest progress. Most areas reported rain, with the majority of it falling on Sunday and Monday (Sept 5 and 6). The Gainsborough area received 26 mm, the Lampman area 60 mm, the Wawota area 9 mm, the Glenavon area 73 mm, the Weyburn area 11 mm, the Fillmore area 41 mm, the Indian Head area 58 mm, the Moose Jaw area 5 mm and the Ceylon area 29 mm. Most areas received more than 25 mm of rain.
In some areas in the region, producers were only able to get in a couple of harvesting days last week. Nineteen per cent of the crop is combined and an additional 35 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, eighteen per cent of the crop had been combined. Crop District (CD) 1A has 22 per cent combined, CD 1B 12 per cent, CD 2A 23 per cent, CD 2B 17 per cent and CD 3ASE has 18 per cent combined.
Crop damage is mostly attributed to the rain, which has caused flooding and lodging. Disease is also causing crop damage. Sprouting, bleaching and staining in swathed/dessicated crops are also causing damage. With all the rain, farmers are concerned about crop quality and bushel weight.
Haying is essentially complete in the region. Farmers are cutting greenfeed crops.
Farmers are swathing and combining between rain showers. Some are reluctant to swath due to all the rain forecast from week to week. Wet fields are causing problems for the harvesting equipment. Some producers are having to dump grain into grain carts on the road as the fields are too soft. Swathed crops are sprouting is some areas. Heavy dew in the mornings and again in the evenings makes for short combining days. There is not very much fall seeding. Farmers are harvesting, hauling bales and controlling weeds on unseeded acres.
Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4)
The region received between zero and 68 mm of rain during the past week. Most of it fell on Sunday and Monday. The Viceroy area received 5 mm, the Glentworth area 68 mm, the Eyebrow area 12 mm, the Spring Valley area 31 mm, the Shaunavon area 8 mm, the Vanguard area 47 mm, the Lucky Lake area 24 mm, the Consul area 2 mm, the Gull Lake area 24 mm and the Richmound area 3 mm. The Leader area received no rain for the week. Most of the region received more than 20 mm for the week.
Good harvest progress was made until the rain later on in the week. The region has 22 per cent of the 2010 crop combined and an additional 21 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, 43 per cent of the crop had been combined. Crop districts 3ASW and 3BN have 22 per cent of the crop combined, CD 3AN 19 per cent, CD 3BS 24 per cent, CD 4A 13 per cent and CD 4B has 28 per cent combined.
Crop damage has been caused by rain and disease. Heavy rains have caused flooding as well as lodging, bleaching, sprouting and staining in crops. Wheat stem sawflies are causing damage. Hail was reported in the Mossbank, Shaunavon and Richmound areas. Temperatures dipped below zero for an hour or so on a couple nights in the Shaunavon, Maple Creek and Consul areas. Crop damage has yet to be assessed.
Haying is wrapping up.
Farmers are busy trying to harvest and hauling bales. Frost is a concern. The rain on desiccated/swathed pulses and cereals has farmers worried about crop quality. Drying weather is needed. There are some reports of winter wheat being seeded.
East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6a)
It was yet another wet week for the region. All crop reporters recorded rain for the past week in amounts ranging from one to 95 mm. Most areas reported receiving more than 30 mm of rain for the week, with the majority of it falling on Sunday and Monday. In CD 5A, precipitation ranged from 4 mm to 78 mm. In CD 5B, precipitation ranged from 7 mm to 67 mm, and in CD 6A, precipitation ranged from one to 95 mm. Since April 1, the region has received between 310 mm to 802 mm. The Churchbridge area received 4 mm, the Raymore area 78 mm, the Jedburgh area 27 mm, the Kamsack area 7 mm, the Foam Lake area 67 mm, the Chamberlain area 1 mm, the Craven area 95 mm and the Leroy area 40 mm.
Combines were able to get into the fields in some areas earlier in the week, allowing producers to get an additional four per cent of the crop combined. This brings the region to eight per cent combined and an additional 34 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, 11 per cent of the crop had been combined. Crop District 5A has five per cent combined, CD 5B one per cent and CD 6A has 15 per cent combined.
The rain is causing lodging, sprouting, bleaching and staining. Crop disease is also causing damage. Wind is causing some crops to shatter and lodge. The number of flooded acres continues to increase. Hail was reported in the Churchbridge, Raymore, Rama and Holdfast areas. Temperatures dipped to just below zero for a night in the Rama area.
Haying is continuing in the region. Many producers are indicating that quality is poor due to the continuous rain. Some hay fields are under water.
Farmers are busy trying to finish haying and continue with harvesting. There are reports of combines, swathers and grain carts getting stuck in fields. Most of the late crops are starting to mature. Some crops are being desiccated by airplane. Some farmers are just now able to start controlling weeds on unseeded acres. Crops that have been desiccated or have received pre-harvest applications are taking a long time to dry down. Farmers are reluctant to swath because of the continued wet weather. Sunny and dry weather is needed.
West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)
The region received between zero and 70 mm of rain for the week, with most areas reporting more than 15 mm. The Perdue area received 70 mm, the Hanley, Kindersley and Kerrobert areas 13 mm, the Harris area 36 mm, the Macklin area 4 mm and the Sonningdale area 60 mm.
A break in the rain for a few days in some areas allowed producers to get an additional one per cent of the crop harvested. In total, seven per cent of the crop is combined and an additional 28 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, 16 per cent of the crop had been combined. Crop District 6B has just under eight per cent combined, and CDs 7A and 7B have just over five per cent combined.
The majority of crop damage is due to rain, which is causing disease, flooding and lodging. Wind is also causing lodging and shattering. The rain of the past few weeks has reduced crop quality. Pulses are showing high disease pressures, particularly lentils. Hail was reported in the Langham area. Temperatures dipped to just below zero for a night in the Luseland area.
Haying operations are wrapping up in the region.
Farmers are busy trying to harvest and haul bales. Crops are behind normal in development by one to two weeks, so producers are hoping for warm and sunny weather. The irrigated potato harvest is under way. There were reports of some winter wheat being seeded. Swathing and desiccating is in full swing. Peas and canola are being combined. Wild buckwheat is causing problems by getting tangled in combine headers. Some areas had a good run on harvest and haying until Monday's rain. One reporter commented that he had gone two weeks without rain.
Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)
The region received between 10 mm and 45 mm of rain for the week. The Garrick area reported 10 mm, the Tisdale area 14 mm, the Star City and Melfort areas 23 mm, the Kinistino area 45 mm and the Alvena area 30 mm.
Farmers in some areas were able make a little progress in swathing and desiccating between rain showers. The region has seven per cent of the crop combined and an additional 42 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, five per cent of the crop had been combined. Crop District 8A has nine per cent combined, CD 8B has six per cent combined and CD 9AE has seven per cent combined.
Crop damage is due to rain, which has caused flooding, disease and lodging. Wind is also causing lodging and shattering. Hail was reported in the Tisdale and Garrick areas and did some damage to swathed canola crops around Garrick.
Livestock producers are trying to finish haying.
Farmers are busy getting ready for harvest, harvesting and controlling weeds on unseeded acres. Some crops have been combined tough, so aeration fans and grain dryers have started up. Crop staging is variable across the region. Fields are very wet in areas and equipment is getting stuck. Some winter wheat and fall rye was being seeded.
Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)
The region received between 2 mm and 82 mm of rain during the past week , with the majority of it falling on Sunday and Monday. The rain was definitely not wanted, as fields were just starting to dry up for harvest. The Medstead area received 37 mm, the Hafford and Duck Lake areas 45 mm, the Debden area 54 mm, the Neilburg area 12 mm, the Meadow Lake area 82 mm and the Dorintosh area 60 mm.
Progress was made with harvest at the beginning of the week. The region has six per cent of the 2010 crop combined and an additional 35 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut. Last year at this time, five per cent of the crop was off the field. Crop District 9AW has just under eight per cent of the crop combined and CD 9B has five per cent of the crop combined.
Rain is causing the majority of crop damage. Wind is also causing lodging and some shattering. Hail was reported in the Hafford area. Temperatures briefly dipped below zero one night in the St. Walburg and Pierceland areas.
Only a small amount of hay remains in the field.
Warm and sunny weather is needed. Farmers are busy getting ready for harvest, harvesting and hauling bales. Crops are being cut for greenfeed and swath-grazing. Until the weekend, good progress was being made combining and swathing peas and canola. Bales are being hauled and fields are quite soft.
Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.