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       Monday, October 23, 2017

One year ago

Less than one per cent of the 2010 crop had been combined. Rain and high humidity slowed haying operations.

Warm and sunny conditions in most regions of the province have allowed Saskatchewan livestock producers to make good haying progress.  Ninety-one per cent of the hay crop is cut.  Seventy-nine per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report.

Haying progress varies across the province, ranging from 96 per cent cut (southwest) to 77 per cent cut (northwest).  Ninety-five per cent of the hay crop is cut in the east central and west central regions, 91 per cent in the northeast region and 89 per cent in the southeast region.

Eighty-eight per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage in the southwest and east central regions, 85 per cent in the west central, 81 per cent in the southeast, 79 per cent in the northeast and 47 per cent in the northwest. 

Eighty-seven per cent of the hay crop is rated as good to excellent in quality, 12 per cent is rated as fair and one per cent is reported as poor quality.

Less than one per cent of the provincial crop has been combined.  Two per cent of the 2011 crop has been swathed or is ready to straight combine.  The five-year (2006-2010) provincial average for this time of year is three per cent combined.  Across the province, three per cent of the lentils, one per cent of the field peas, 12 per cent of the winter wheat and five per cent of the fall rye has been combined.  Two per cent of the canola and one per cent of the mustard has been swathed.

The majority of crop damage is due to hail, wind, insects and disease. Severe hail storms and heavy rain were reported in some areas of the province damaging crops and buildings.

Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as seven per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate and 13 per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as five per cent surplus, 76 per cent adequate, 18 per cent short and one per cent very short.

Farmers are busy haying and getting ready for harvest.

 


 

Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

 

Precipitation ranged from nil to 36 mm for the week. Spotty rain and hail storms through the south and north part of the region dropped more precipitation. Large hail stones caused 100 per cent loss of crops in some areas of the region. Other areas in the region have recorded very little rain over the past month and the shallow rooted crops are showing signs of stress. The Frobisher area received 9 mm, the Broadview and Moosomin areas 20 mm, the the Grenfell area 30 mm, the Weyburn area 36 mm, the Odessa area 10 mm, the Moose Jaw area 8 mm and the Ceylon area 15 mm. According to the Crop Report precipitation information, the Weyburn area has the third highest cumulative rainfall since April 1 at 443 mm. This falls shortly behind the Meadow Lake and Dorintosh areas in the northwest which are reporting 451 mm and 514 mm, respectively. 

With the sunny, warm weather, producers made progress with haying. Eighty-nine per cent of the hay crop has been cut; 81 per cent has been baled or put into silage. Ninety-four per cent of the hay crop is rated as good to excellent in quality and six per cent is rated as fair. Producers are furthest advanced in crop districts 2A and 3ASE, where 95 and 98 per cent of the hay crop has been cut, respectively.

The sunny and clear weather has allowed producers in the region to start harvesting. One per cent of the field peas, 13 per cent of the fall rye, and 10 per cent of the lentils have been combined. Combining of lentils is progressing, particularly in the areas around Moose Jaw. Four per cent of the canola has been swathed. Crop conditions vary throughout the region, depending on the spring's excess moisture and seeding date.

With almost one month since significant rainfall in most areas of the region, topsoil moisture conditions are now short in some areas. Topsoil moisture rating on cropland is reported as six per cent surplus, 73 per cent adequate and 21 per cent short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as three per cent surplus, 62 per cent adequate and 35 per cent short. Crop district 3ASE is reporting 53 and 39 per cent short of topsoil moisture on crop land and hay and pasture, respectively.  

The majority of crop damage is due to hail, wind and insects. Hail damage was reported in the Broadview, Grenfell, Weyburn and Indian Head areas. Bertha Armyworm is causing crop damage in canola in some areas.  

Producers are busy finishing haying, hauling bales, desiccating pulses, getting ready for harvest and controlling weeds on unseeded acres.  

 


 

Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4) 

 

Thunderstorms rolled through some areas in the region, but for the most part sunny and clear weather allowed many producers to keep progressing with hay operations and start with harvest. Precipitation in the region ranged from nil to 22 mm. The Rockglen and Tyner areas reported 22 mm, the Coderre area 5 mm, the Kincaid and Richmound areas 8 mm, the Stewart Valley area 13 mm and the Leader area 14 mm. Most areas in crop districts 3ASW and 3BS reported no rain for the week.

Producers made progress with haying, and now have 96 per cent of the hay crop cut. Eighty-eight per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage. Ninety-six per cent of the hay crop is rated as good to excellent in quality and four per cent is rated as fair.

Four per cent of the regions crops have been swathed or are ready to straight cut. Three per cent of the field peas, one per cent of the lentils and winter wheat, and six per cent of the fall rye has been combined. Six per cent of the canola and two per cent of the mustard and barley crops have been swathed. One per cent of the durum and oats has been swathed.    

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 73 per cent adequate, 25 per cent short and one per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 73 per cent adequate, 26 per cent short and one per cent very short.

Very little crop damage was reported. Of the damage reported, hail damage occurred in the Rockglen and Spring Valley areas. Crops that were seeded under excess moisture conditions are showing signs of stress due to their shallow roots and lack of significant rain in the past couple of weeks. Crop conditions vary across the region.

The recent warm and sunny weather has crops progressing well. Some of the later seeded crops could use a rain to help with filling. Producers are busy finishing haying, harvesting pulses and winter cereals, getting ready for harvest and controlling weeds in chemfallow and summerfallow.

 


 

East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6a)

 

Most areas received rain again this week, however amounts range from nil to 33 mm. Some areas also reported hail. The Abernethy area reported 20 mm, the Ituna area 25 mm, the Kelliher area 30 mm, the Goodeve and Rama areas 16 mm, the Foam Lake area 32 mm, the Lintlaw area 19 mm, the Bethune area 22 mm and the Imperial area 11 mm.

Despite the rain interruptions, haying operations continued at a good pace and livestock producers now have 95 per cent of the hay crop cut. Eighty-seven per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage. Eighty-three per cent of the hay crop is rated as good to excellent in quality and 17 per cent is rated as fair.

Harvest operations have started in the region. Two per cent of the canola and eight per cent of the winter wheat has been swathed, one per cent of the peas are ready to swath or straight cut. 

Topsoil moisture on cropland is reported as five per cent surplus, 86 per cent adequate and nine per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as six per cent surplus, 81 per cent adequate, eight per cent short and five per cent very short.

Of the crop damage reported, most is due to wind and hail. Hail was reported in the Kamsack, Bethune and Imperial areas. 

Crop reporters in crop district 5A are indicating the majority of crops are behind normal in development; however the warm weather has helped speed development.  Some areas welcomed the rain to help fill the crops.  Farmers are busy finishing haying, hauling bales, swathing and desiccating pulses and getting ready for harvest.

 


 

West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

Spotty thunderstorms slowed haying and harvest operations for a while in some areas. Precipitation reported ranged from nil to 39 mm. The Outlook area recorded 28 mm, the Dinsmore area 18 mm, the Rosthern area 30 mm, the Marengo area 39 mm, the Smiley area 17 mm, the Biggar area 12 mm, the Sonningdale area 30 mm and the Unity area 25 mm.

Ninety-five per cent of the hay crop has been cut. Eighty-five per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage. Eighty-seven per cent of the hay crop is rated as good to excellent in quality and 13 per cent is rated as fair quality.

Harvest operations have started in the region with desiccating of pulse crops. Two per cent of the peas have been swathed or are ready to straight cut. A few canola and winter wheat fields have been swathed.

Topsoil moisture on cropland is reported as seven per cent surplus, 82 per cent adequate and 11 per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as nine per cent surplus, 77 per cent adequate and 14 per cent short.  

The majority of crop damage is due to hail and disease. Hail damage was reported in the Hanley, Outlook and Marengo areas.

Hot, dry weather accelerated crop maturity in some areas and the majority of crops are turning. Farmers are busy finishing haying, hauling bales, desiccating pulse crops and getting ready for harvest.

 


 

Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

Most areas reported rain in amounts ranging from one to 34 mm. Thunderstorms brought hail and localized flooding to a couple areas. The Tisdale area reported 14 mm, the Codette area 20 mm, the Nipawin area nine mm, the Vonda and Melfort areas eight mm, the Birch Hills area 20 mm, the Prince Albert area 34 mm.   

Despite the rain, some haying progress was made, and 91 per cent of the hay crop has been cut. Seventy-nine per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage. Ninety-three per cent of the hay crop is rated as good to excellent in quality and seven per cent is rated as fair.

Harvest operations have started in the region with 27 per cent of the winter wheat swathed or ready to straight cut. Five per cent of the fall rye has been swathed.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 14 per cent surplus, 85 per cent adequate and one per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as eight per cent surplus, 90 per cent adequate and two per cent short.

Of the crop damage reported, the majority is due to hail and wind. Hail damage was reported in the Tisdale and Humboldt areas. Producers are hoping for warm and sunny weather as the recent rain resulted in fairly wet fields. Some reporters have indicated hay spoilage in the field where it could not be picked up before the rain, particularly in the Crop district 9AE.

Farmers are busy finishing haying, hauling bales and getting ready for harvest.

 


 

Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

Heavy rain and hail was reported in many areas of the region slowing haying operations once again for livestock producers. Rain amounts varied from 6 to 55 mm. Most areas recorded over 15 mm of rain. The Radisson area recorded 45 mm, the Speers area 25 mm, the North Battleford area 14 mm, the Debden area 38 mm, the Glaslyn area 30 mm, the Rapid View area 55 mm and the Dorintosh area 29 mm. According to the Crop Report rainfall information, the area around Dorintosh has the highest amount of cumulative rainfall in the province since April 1, at 514 mm.

Some haying progress was made earlier in the week and producers now have 77 per cent of the hay crop cut. Forty-seven per cent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage. Sixty-seven per cent of the hay crop is rated as good in quality, 28 per cent is fair and five per cent is rated poor in quality. Crop District 9AW has 84 per cent of the hay crop cut, while Crop District 9B has 73 per cent of the hay crop cut.

Warm and clear weather is needed to help bring crops to maturity. Most crop reporters are indicating harvest operations are at least a couple of weeks away.

Topsoil moisture conditions for cropland are 13 per cent surplus and 87 per cent adequate.  Pasture and hay land conditions are seven per cent surplus and 93 per cent adequate.

The majority of crop damage is due to hail, flooding and grasshoppers. Hail was reported in the Radisson, Duck Lake, Debden, North Battleford, Turtleford, Meadow Lake, Rapid View and Dorintosh areas. Grasshoppers were responsible for the majority of insect-related crop damage. Localized flooding of crops was also reported in the heavy downpours.

Although crops are behind normal in development, the warm weather has significantly helped advance maturity. Producers are busy haying and monitoring fields for insects and diseases.


 

Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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