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      Friday, December 15, 2017

One year ago
Thirty-two per cent of the 2011 crop had been combined and 34 per cent was swathed or ready to straight cut. Rain delayed harvest for a few days but producers were able to quickly get back in the field.

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Harvest Progress in SK
Per cent combined
All Crops

Sept 6/12

38

5 year avg.
(2007-2011)

26

Sept 8/11

32

Sept 6/10

13

Sept 8/09

18

Sept 7/08

22

Sept 2/07

44

Saskatchewan Harvest
September 3, 2012
%  combined 

Winter wheat

99

Fall rye*

93

Spring wheat

24

Durum

45

Barley

29

Oats

9

Canaryseed

7

Flax

5

Canola

31

Mustard

65

Lentils

73

Peas

86

Chickpeas

33

*includes seven per cent ‘other'

Significant harvest progress was made this week due to warm and dry weather.  Producers now have 38 per cent of the 2012 crop combined and 33 per cent is swathed or ready to straight combine, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report.  The five-year (2007-2011) provincial harvest progress average for this time of year is 26 per cent combined and 32 per cent swathed or ready to straight combine. 

Harvest progress varies across the province. The southwest has 69 per cent combined; the southeast 56 per cent; the east-central region 28 per cent; the west-central region 23 per cent; the northeast 14 per cent and the northwest 12 per cent. Ninety-nine per cent of the winter wheat; 24 per cent of the spring wheat; 45 per cent of the durum; 29 per cent of the barley; 31 per cent of the canola; 65 per cent of the mustard; 73 per cent of the lentils and 86 per cent of the field peas have been combined. 

Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as six per cent surplus, 64 per cent adequate, 25 per cent short and five per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 59 per cent adequate, 27 per cent short and 12 per cent very short.

Rainfall this week ranged from trace amounts in the majority of the province to 34 mm in the Dorintosh area. Some areas of the province received strong winds that have blown canola swaths across fields and shelled standing crops. Hail has caused some damage in the west-central region.

Farmers are busy harvesting, seeding winter cereals, hauling bales and controlling weeds on harvested acres.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 1, 2, and 3ASE)

Hot and dry weather has helped to significantly advance harvest. The majority of the region did not receive any rainfall this past week, although the Moose Jaw and Marquis areas received 1 mm.  Since April 1, rainfall in the region has ranged from 208 mm (Weyburn area) to 532 mm (Tantallon area). 

Producers now have 56 per cent of the 2012 crop combined, up from 32 per cent last week. An additional 19 per cent is swathed or ready to straight combine. One hundred per cent of the winter wheat and fall rye, 47 per cent of the spring wheat, 44 per cent of the durum, 98 per cent of the oats, 47 per cent of the barley, 23 per cent of the canaryseed, 85 per cent of the lentils, 94 per cent of the peas, 47 per cent of the chickpeas and five per cent of the flax have been combined. Fifty-nine per cent of the canola and 69 per cent of the mustard are combined, while an additional 31 per cent and 10 per cent, respectively, are swathed or ready to straight combine.    

Crop reporters are indicating yields ranging from average to very poor. Canola, pulse and cereal yields are variable and for the most part below average. Later-seeded crops in some areas are yielding closer to average, with some yields reported as above average, although most producers are disappointed with the yields coming off this year. Quality varies throughout the region and there may be downgrading due to ergot, fusarium and wheat midge damage in some areas. Excess moisture at seeding time, followed by high summer temperatures and disease, resulted in reduced yields. Average yields are predicted to be as follows: winter wheat 55 bu/ac, spring wheat 35 bu/ac, durum 34 bu/ac, oats 56 bu/ac, barley 52 bu/ac, fall rye 50 bu/ac, flax 20 bu/ac, canola 26 bu/ac, mustard 850 lb./ac, sunflowers 1500 lb./ac, lentils 1230 lb./ac, peas 30 bu/ac, chickpeas 1549 lb./ac and canaryseed 998 lb./ac.

Topsoil moisture ratings on cropland are reported as one per cent surplus, 64 per cent adequate, 33 per cent short and two per cent very short. On hay land and pasture, topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 57 per cent adequate, 41 per cent short and one per cent very short. Crop District 1A is reporting that 75 per cent of cropland, hay land and pasture are short moisture. 

Crop damage this week is attributed to wind, drought and disease. Strong winds throughout the week have blown many swaths across fields and shelled standing pulse and canola crops. Many later-seeded crops still need time to mature, so producers are working fields, seeding winter cereals and taking a second cut of hay during the downtime. Some producers are spraying harvested fields for weed control. There have been reports of wildlife and waterfowl feeding on crops. 

Producers are swathing, combining, seeding winter cereals and hauling bales.


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 3ASW, 3AN, 3B and 4)

Small amounts of rainfall were received this past week in most of the region. The Gravelbourg area received 11 mm of rain, the Mortlach area 5 mm, the Glentworth and Rush Lake areas 1 mm, the Lafleche, Frontier and Admiral areas 3 mm, the Shaunavon and Webb areas 2 mm and the Hazlet area 1 mm. Since April 1, rainfall in the region has ranged from 201 mm (Consul area) to 398 mm (Lucky Lake area). Consul has recorded the least cumulative rainfall in the province. 

Sixty-nine per cent of the 2012 crop is combined, significantly up from 49 per cent last week. An additional 15 per cent is swathed or ready to straight combine. Ninety-eight per cent of the winter wheat, 56 per cent of the spring wheat, 57 per cent of the durum, 49 per cent of the oats, 66 per cent of the barley, 91 per cent of the lentils, 97 per cent of the peas, 31 per cent of the chickpeas, 86 per cent of the canola, 87 per cent of the mustard and 14 per cent of the flax have been combined.    

Crop reporters are indicating yields ranging from above average to very poor. Most producers are disappointed with the yields coming off this year. Disease, insects and heat stress have affected yields, and quality is a concern in some areas. There may be downgrading due to fusarium, ergot, insect damage, frost and green kernels. Canola yields are  lower than anticipated due to higher than normal levels of sclerotinia and aster yellows. Average yields are predicted to be as follows: winter wheat 45 bu/ac, spring wheat 32 bu/ac, durum 34 bu/ac, oats 52 bu/ac, barley 48 bu/ac, fall rye 38 bu/ac, flax 19 bu/ac, canola 27 bu/ac, mustard 1004 lb./ac, lentils 1350 lb./ac, peas 32 bu/ac, chickpeas 1277 lb./ac and canaryseed 1050 lb./ac.

Moisture conditions in the region continue to worsen due to the high temperatures and lack of rain over the past few months. Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as 17 per cent adequate, 61 per cent short and 22 per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are 12 per cent adequate, 46 per cent short and 42 per cent very short. In Crop District 4A, 81 per cent of cropland, hay land and pasture are very short of moisture. A significant rainfall is needed after harvest in the majority of the region to help recharge the soil.   

Wind, drought, hail and frost have caused the most crop damage this week. There are reports of frost and hail in some southern areas, and damage varies. Strong winds have blown swaths across fields, shelled standing crops and contributed to several field fires. Producers are waiting on later-seeded crops to mature and most producers will be done harvest in the coming week if the warm weather persists. Some producers are seeding winter cereals, although many are waiting for rain before seeding. Some livestock producers are moving cattle to healthier pastures or are supplementing their diets with hay bales.   

Producers are busy combining, hauling bales, seeding winter cereals and aerating grain.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 5 and 6a)

The region received little rainfall this past week, helping to advance harvest. The Quill Lake area received 5 mm of rain, the Craik area 2 mm, the Kenaston area 6 mm, the Humboldt area 5 mm and the Bradwell area 3 mm. Crop District 5A received no precipitation this week. Since April 1, cumulative rainfall in the region has ranged from 267 mm (Quill Lake area) to 473 mm (Kamsack area).

Harvest has advanced significantly and producers now have 28 per cent of the 2012 crop in the bin, up from 10 per cent last week. An additional 39 per cent is swathed or ready to straight combine. Ninety-nine per cent of the winter wheat and fall rye, 24 per cent of the spring wheat, eight per cent of the durum, 26 per cent of the barley, 51 per cent of the lentils, 88 per cent of the peas, 60 per cent of the chickpeas, 29 per cent of the canola and 16 per cent of the mustard have been combined. Eighteen per cent of the spring wheat, 24 per cent of the oats, 21 per cent of the barley, 52 per cent of the canola and 44 per cent of the mustard is swathed or ready to straight combine.   

Crop reporters are indicating yields ranging from less than average to very poor. Most producers are disappointed with the yields coming off this year. Canola yields are lower than expected and there are concerns about quality. Diseases such as aster yellows, sclerotinia and fusarium are greatly affecting yields in some areas. Some of the barley has been coming off lighter than normal. Average yields are predicted to be as follows: winter wheat 38 bu/ac, spring wheat 32 bu/ac, durum 36 bu/ac, oats 64 bu/ac, barley 48 bu/ac, fall rye 26 bu/ac, flax 22 bu/ac, canola 24 bu/ac, mustard 1119 lb./ac, lentils 1424 lb./ac, peas 33 bu/ac, chickpeas 1200 lb./ac and canaryseed 940 lb./ac.

Fields in the region continue to be dry. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 79 per cent adequate, 20 per cent short and one per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 75 per cent adequate and 25 per cent short. 

Strong winds have caused the majority of crop damage this week, blowing swaths around and shelling standing pulses and canola. Later-seeded crops are still green and producers may need to wait awhile for them to mature. There are reports of some later-seeded crops that have been harvested yielding better than the earlier-seeded ones. Crops are maturing unevenly and there are indications that there may be harvest challenges in some areas.    

Producers are busy combining, swathing, hauling grain and preparing bins.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B and 7)

Difficult weather conditions have delayed harvest in some parts of the region. Strong winds, rain and hail have damaged crops. The Trampling Lake area received 16 mm of rain this past week, the Hanley area 3 mm, the Arelee and Unity areas 5 mm, the Rosthern and Cando areas 2 mm, the Marengo and Battleford areas 8 mm, the Smiley area 6 mm and the Kindersley area 4 mm. Since April 1, cumulative precipitation in the region has ranged from 315 mm (Netherhill area) to 546 mm (Sonningdale area). The Sonningdale area has the second highest cumulative rainfall total in the province since April 1.

Producers now have 23 per cent of the 2012 crop in the bin, up from eight per cent last week. An additional 33 per cent is swathed or ready to straight combine. Seventy-three per cent of the winter wheat, 97 per cent of the fall rye, six per cent of the spring wheat, eight per cent of the durum, 11 per cent of the barley, 42 per cent of the lentils, 75 per cent of the peas, 25 per cent of the chickpeas, 21 per cent of the canola, 20 per cent of the mustard and six per cent of the flax are combined. Fifty-nine per cent of the canola and 15 per cent of the mustard have been swathed. Warm and dry weather is needed to advance the maturity of many later-seeded crops.

Crop reporters are indicating yields ranging from less than average to very poor. Yields for all crops have been disappointing so far and quality is a concern in many areas. Excess moisture, disease, insects and hail have all affected yield. Many canola crops are not maturing and green counts are high. Sclerotinia and aster yellows have caused more damage than had been expected. Average yields are predicted to be as follows: winter wheat 36 bu/ac, spring wheat 31 bu/ac, durum 32 bu/ac, oats 61 bu/ac, barley 51 bu/ac, fall rye 27 bu/ac, flax 25 bu/ac, canola 27 bu/ac, mustard 1203 lb./ac, sunflowers 1150 lb./ac, lentils 1196 lb./ac, peas 30 bu/ac, chickpeas 1002 lb./ac and canaryseed 1082 lb./ac.

Topsoil moisture conditions are rated as nine per cent surplus, 81 per cent adequate and 10 per cent short on cropland. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as five per cent surplus, 82 per cent adequate and 13 per cent short.

Strong winds and hail over the weekend have damaged many crops in the region; canola swaths were blown across fields and standing crops were shelled. Hail damage varies from minimal to severe. Reported yields have been disappointing so far but many producers remain optimistic about the remaining crops. Crops are maturing late and unevenly, and there are indications that harvest may be a challenge in some areas. There have been reports of high levels of weeds in harvested fields that will need to receive a post-harvest chemical application this fall. 

Producers are busy swathing canola, desiccating pulses, hauling bales and combining.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 8 and 9AE)

Rainfall varied throughout the region, delaying producers for a few days in some areas. The Codette area received 6 mm, the Nipawin area 2 mm, the Bruno area 14 mm, the Melfort area 19 mm, the Kinistino area 25 mm, the Birch Hills area 11 mm and the Prince Albert and Garrick areas 14 mm. The Alvena area has recorded the least amount of rainfall since April 1 (388 mm), while the Tisdale area has received the greatest cumulative rainfall in both the region and the province (623 mm).

Fourteen per cent of the 2012 crop is combined and an additional 55 is swathed or ready to straight combine. Last week at this time, five per cent of the crop had been combined. One hundred per cent of the winter wheat, 97 per cent of the fall rye, 11 per cent of the spring wheat, two per cent of the durum, 18 per cent of the barley, 21 per cent of the lentils, 75 per cent of the peas and 11 per cent of the canola have been combined. An additional 47 per cent of the spring wheat, 33 per cent of the durum, 40 per cent of the barley, 47 per cent of the lentils, 23 per cent of the peas, 75 per cent of the canola and nine per cent of the mustard is swathed or ready to straight combine.   

Reported yields are variable and range from less than average to very poor. Excess moisture and diseases such as aster yellows, sclerotinia and fusarium have greatly reduced yields in most of the region and there is much disappointment. Many canola crops are not maturing and green counts are high. Many cereal crops have high green kernel counts as well. Quality remains a concern for many producers. Average yields are predicted to be as follows: winter wheat 40 bu/ac, spring wheat 35 bu/ac, durum 38 bu/ac, oats 80 bu/ac, barley 53 bu/ac, fall rye 45 bu/ac, flax 22 bu/ac, canola 27 bu/ac, mustard 900 lb./ac, lentils 1100 lb./ac, peas 29 bu/ac and canaryseed 1591 lb./ac.

Topsoil moisture conditions are improving with the warm weather. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 31 per cent surplus and 69 per cent adequate. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 18 per cent surplus and 82 per cent adequate. Crop districts 8A and 9AE are reporting 36 per cent and 50 per cent of cropland, respectively, have surplus moisture. Twenty-five per cent and 21 per cent of hay land and pasture in CDs 8A and 8B, respectively, have surplus moisture.

Strong winds caused the majority of damage this week, blowing swaths around and shelling standing crops. Many roads and fields are still soft and cannot support equipment, although field conditions are improving. There have been many reports of equipment stuck in fields. Harvest is progressing slowly for many producers due to spotty showers, wind and cooler temperatures. Harvested barley crops are light and quality will be a concern this year.    

Producers are busy swathing, combining, desiccating and hauling bales.


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 9AW and 9B)

Large amounts of rain fell in most of the region this week, delaying harvest. Rainfall varied from trace amounts to 34 mm in the Dorintosh area. The Duck Lake area received 3 mm of rain, the Debden area 5 mm, the Neilburg area 9 mm, the Glaslyn area 12 mm, the Turtleford area 19 mm, the Frenchman Butte area 15 mm and the Meadow Lake area 25 mm. Since April 1, cumulative rainfall in the region has varied from 308 mm (St. Walburg area) to 471 mm (Meadow Lake area). 

Harvest is moving along and producers now have 12 per cent of the 2012 crop harvested, up from four per cent last week. Fifty-five per cent of the crop is swathed or ready to straight combine. Seven per cent of the spring wheat, 15 per cent of the barley, 10 per cent of the lentils, 70 per cent of the peas and eight per cent of the canola is combined. One hundred per cent of the winter wheat and fall rye, 44 per cent of the spring wheat and barley, 30 per cent of the oats, 20 per cent of the peas and 81 per cent of the canola are swathed or ready to straight combine.       

Reported yields are variable and, for the most part, disappointing. Excess moisture, high temperatures and diseases such as aster yellows and sclerotinia are reducing yields. Bleaching and staining of cereal crops is common in some areas and quality will be an issue in most of the region. Some barley crops are coming off light as well. Average yields are predicted to be as follows: winter wheat 30 bu/ac, spring wheat 39 bu/ac, oats 78 bu/ac, barley 56 bu/ac, fall rye 28 bu/ac, canola 30 bu/ac, lentils 600 lb./ac and peas 35 bu/ac.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are four per cent surplus and 96 per cent adequate. Pasture and hay land topsoil moisture conditions are one per cent surplus and 99 per cent adequate.

The majority of crop damage is attributed to wind and diseases. Strong winds throughout the week have blown swaths across fields and shelled some standing crops. Harvest progress is delayed due to wet field conditions and slow-maturing crops. Many fields in the area are still too soft to support equipment.      

Producers are busy hauling bales, swathing and combining.


Saskatchewan Harvest Progress September 3, 2012

Winter Wheat %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 0 0 0 100
SW* 0 0 1 98
EC 0 0 1 99
WC 0 0 27 73
NE 0 0 0 100
NW 0 80 20 0
* one per cent is rated as 'other'
Fall Rye %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 0 0 0 100
SW* 0 0 0 84
EC 0 0 1 99
WC 0 0 3 97
NE** 0 0 0 97
NW 0 90 10 0
* 16 per cent is rated as 'other'
** three per cent is rated as 'other'
Spring Wheat %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 31 15 7 47
SW 20 3 21 56
EC 42 18 16 24
WC 70 12 12 6
NE 42 16 31 11
NW 49 17 27 7
Durum %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 43 7 6 44
SW 21 3 19 57
EC 51 8 33 8
WC 83 7 7 3
NE 65 25 8 2
NW N/A N/A N/A N/A
Oats %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE* 54 25 1 18
SW** 26 11 6 49
EC 69 24 2 5
WC*** 70 15 7 5
NE 72 5 17 6
NW**** 68 14 16 0
* two per cent is rated as 'other' 
** eight per cent is rated as 'other' 
*** three per cent is rated as 'other' 
**** two per cent is rated as 'other'
Barley %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE* 24 16 12 47
SW** 17 3 13 66
EC 43 21 10 26
WC 66 13 10 11
NE 42 19 21 18
NW 41 28 16 15
* one per cent is rated as 'other' 
** one per cent is rated as 'other'
Canaryseed %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 70 7 0 23
SW 77 0 22 1
EC 93 0 5 2
WC 83 8 8 1
NE 92 1 7 0
NW N/A N/A N/A N/A
Lentils %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 13 2 0 85
SW 5 1 3 91
EC 9 0 40 51
WC 34 6 18 42
NE* 31 10 37 21
NW 90 0 0 10
* one per cent is rated as 'other'
Peas %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 5 1 0 94
SW 2 0 1 97
EC 4 4 4 88
WC 8 4 13 75
NE 2 6 17 75
NW 10 4 16 70
Chickpeas %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready
to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 52 0 1 47
SW 64 0 5 31
EC 15 0 25 60
WC 62 13 0 25
NE N/A N/A N/A N/A
NW N/A N/A N/A N/A
Canola %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 10 31 0 59
SW 0 10 4 86
EC 18 52 1 29
WC 16 59 4 21
NE 14 73 2 11
NW 11 79 2 8
Mustard %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 21 10 0 69
SW 6 3 4 87
EC 37 44 3 16
WC 59 15 6 20
NE* 90 9 0 0
NW N/A N/A N/A N/A
* one per cent is rated as 'other'    
Triticale %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE N/A N/A N/A N/A
SW* 15 7 21 43
EC 100 0 0 0
WC 29 6 59 6
NE N/A N/A N/A N/A
NW N/A N/A N/A N/A
* 14 per cent is rated as 'other'  

Flax %
Standing
%
in swath
% ready to
straight combine
%
combined
SE 93 1 1 5
SW 76 2 8 14
EC 97 1 2 0
WC 98 0 2 0
NE 97 2 1 0
NW 100 0 0 0

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Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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