Government of Saskatchewan
Quick Search:
      Friday, December 15, 2017

Warm weather has helped to speed crop development during the past few days. However, warm conditions will be needed into the harvest season to advance crops. Crop development is 10 days to two weeks behind normal in many areas.

One year ago
Four per cent of the 2012 crop has been combined while seven per cent was swathed or ready to straight combine. Canola and mustard were being swathed.

Follow the 2013 Crop Report on Twitter @SKGovAg

In the southwest and west-central regions, some winter cereals are ready to straight cut and producers have just started swathing canola, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report. Desiccation of peas and lentils has started, and other crops are starting to turn in some areas.

Challenges with swath dry down and baling continue for livestock producers. Haying progress varies according to rain showers. The estimated average hay yields on dry land are reported as 1.6 tons per acre (alfalfa and alfalfa/brome hay), 1.3 tons per acre (other tame hay), 1.3 tons per acre (wild hay) and 2 tons per acre (greenfeed). On irrigated land, the estimated average hay yields are 2.8 tons per acre (alfalfa and alfalfa/brome hay), 1 ton per acre (other tame hay), and 4.2 tons per acre (greenfeed). Hay yields on dry land as well as on irrigated land are on par with the five year average.

The majority of crops are filling, with crops in some areas podding and finishing flowering. Most areas of the province recorded rain last week ranging from trace to 58 mm. Insects and disease caused some crop damage.

Across the province, topsoil moisture on crop land is rated as five per cent surplus, 81 per cent adequate, 13 per cent short and one per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as three per cent surplus, 79 per cent adequate, 17 per cent short and one per cent very short.

Farmers are busy finishing up haying and getting ready for harvest.

  Saskatchewan Crop Insurance Reminder

The deadline to select winterkill coverage for fall rye and winter wheat is August 25.

 

Provincial Estimated Crop Yields - August 12, 2013*

 

Winter wheat

Fall rye

Spring wheat

Durum

Oat

Barley

Flax

Southeast

41

43

38

37

66

58

23

Southwest

36

32

33

36

51

52

20

East-Central

38

32

37

35

78

61

25

West-Central

38

30

39

40

71

58

27

Northeast

28

45

40

N/A

87

56

24

Northwest 

38

30

41

N/A

85

67

25

 

Canola

Mustard

Pea

Lentil 

Canaryseed

Chickpea

Sunflower

Southeast

31

1100

33

1300

1100

N/A

N/A

Southwest

28

1100

35

1400

1100

1400

N/A

East-Central

32

1200

36

1500

1200

N/A

N/A

West-Central

33

1250

38

1300

1100

N/A

N/A

Northeast

30

N/A

27

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Northwest 

35

N/A

40

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

 *Crop yield predictions at this point in time. Please keep in mind these are regional averages, and yields can vary greatly across an area. Mustard, lentil, canaryseed, chickpea and sunflower in lbs/ac. All other crops in bu/ac.

Estimated Provincial Hay Yields (tons/acre) - August 12, 2013

 

Dry land

Irrigated Land

Alfalfa

1.6

2.7

Brome/Alfalfa

1.6

2.7

Other Tame Hay

1.3

N/A 

Wild Hay

1.3

N/A

Greenfeed

2.1

4.2


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 1 - Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas; Crop District 2 - Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas; Crop District 3ASE - Radville and Lake Alma areas)

Most crops are in the podding and filling stages, with some of the later seeded crops finishing up flowering. There are reports of some canola just starting to be swathed and peas and lentils being desiccated. Most crop reporters are indicating crops are 10 days to two weeks behind normal in development for this time of year. Rainfall recorded in the region ranged from nil to 58 mm (Briercrest area). The Redvers area has recorded the highest cumulative rainfall for the region at 502 mm since April 1, 2013.

Livestock producers continue with haying operations, but are experiencing challenges in finishing baling. Frequent showers and heavy dew in the mornings have resulted in slow dry down time. Hay yields in the region vary from 1.3 ton/acre to 3 ton/acre on dryland brome alfalfa stands.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 18 per cent surplus, 78 per cent adequate and four per cent short. Hay land and pasture moisture is rated as 13 per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate and seven per cent short. Crop district 1A is reporting 39 per cent and 25 per cent of cropland and hay acres, respectively, to have surplus topsoil moisture. 

There was some crop damage due to insects, flooding and disease. Bertha armyworm and grasshoppers are causing the majority of insect damage. Producers are busy haying and getting ready for harvest.            

Estimated Southeast Hay Yields (tons/acre) - August 12, 2013

 

Dry land

Irrigated Land

Alfalfa

1.7

N/A

Brome/Alfalfa

1.9

N/A

Other Tame Hay

1.5

N/A

Wild Hay

1.5

N/A

Greenfeed

2.1

N/A


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 3ASW - Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN - Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas; Crop District 3B - Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas; Crop District 4 - Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas)

Harvest operations have just started for some producers with desiccation of peas and lentils this week and swathing of winter cereals. Winter wheat and fall rye crops are ready to straight cut in some areas. These areas have not received significant amounts of rain over the past few weeks so crops are coming into maturity a little quicker when compared to the rest of the province. Some crop reporters are indicating that soil conditions are very dry. Most areas in the south are indicating that crops are 10 days to two weeks behind normal in crop development compared to the last couple of years. Some warm weather is needed.

Haying operations are nearing completion. Hay yields in the region vary from 0.5 ton/acre to 3.3 ton/acre on dryland brome/alfalfa stands. Most areas in the region received rain this past week, ranging from nil to 44 mm (Eastend area). The Bengough area has the highest cumulative rainfall since April 1, 2013, at 431 mm.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as three per cent surplus, 84 per cent adequate, 12 per cent short and one per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 87 per cent adequate, 12 per cent short and one per cent very short. Crop district 4B is reporting 30 per cent short of topsoil moisture on cropland.  

Disease, insects and hail from the past month are causing the majority of crop damage. Ascochyta blight, tan spot, grasshoppers and bertha armyworm are causing crop damage.

Farmers are busy finishing up haying and getting harvest equipment ready.

Estimated Southwest Hay Yields (tons/acre) - August 12, 2013

 

Dry land

Irrigated Land

Alfalfa

1.4

3

Brome/Alfalfa

1.4

3

Other Tame Hay

1.1

1

Wild Hay

1.3

N/A

Greenfeed

1.9

4.2


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop District 5 - Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A - Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas)

Warm temperatures are needed to help advance crops. Most crops are podding and filling. Many producers are indicating crops are about two weeks behind normal in development compared to the last couple of years. There are reports of winter cereals ready to straight cut and a few fields of canola being swathed in some areas. Cereals are starting to turn and some pulse crops are close to being desiccated. Precipitation recorded ranged from nil to 27 mm (Bethune area area). The Stockholm area has received the highest cumulative rainfall since April 1, 2013, at 356 mm.  

Livestock producers continue with haying operations. Hay yields in the region range from 0.33 to 2.8 ton/acre on dryland brome/alfalfa stands.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 90 per cent adequate and nine per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 88 per cent adequate and 12 per cent short. 

Some crop damage this week was caused by disease and insects. Bertha armyworm and grasshoppers are causing crop damage, and in some cases producers are taking control measures.  Farmers are busy finishing up haying and getting equipment ready for harvest.

Estimated East-central Hay Yields (tons/acre) - August 12, 2013

 

Dry land

Irrigated Land

Alfalfa

1.5

N/A

Brome/Alfalfa

1.5

N/A

Other Tame Hay

1.4

N/A

Wild Hay

1.5

N/A

Greenfeed

2.2

N/A


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B - Hanley, Outlook, Loreburn, Saskatoon and Arelee areas; Crop District 7 - Rosetown, Kindersley, Eston, Major, Kerrobert, Macklin, Wilkie and Biggar areas)

Most areas of the region recorded some rainfall for the week which will help crops on dry soil fill as harvest operations get underway. Most of the region has been missing the moisture that other areas have received over the past few weeks and soil conditions were very dry in some areas. Most crop reporters are indicating harvest operations are 10 days to two weeks behind normal compared to the last couple of years. Winter cereals, lentils and peas are ready to straight cut in a few areas.  Pulses are being desiccated in some areas as well. Rainfall reported in the past week ranged from nil to 52 mm (Kindersley area). The highest cumulative rainfall in the region since April 1, 2013, has been recorded at Major, SK (352 mm).

Livestock producers have most of the hay wrapped up for the season. Greenfeed crops are being cut. Hay yield ranges from one ton/acre to 2.5 ton/acre on dryland brome/alfalfa stands.

Topsoil moisture conditions are rated as one per cent surplus, 67 per cent adequate, 30 per cent short and two per cent very short on cropland. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 55 per cent adequate and 45 per cent short.  Crop District 6B and 7B are reporting 31 and 43 per cent short of topsoil moisture on cropland, respectively.

Very little crop damage was reported in the region. Dry conditions and insects are causing the majority of crop stress. Grasshoppers and bertha armyworm are causing damage in some areas.

Producers are busy getting ready for harvest.

Estimated West-central Hay Yields (tons/acre) - July 22, 2013

 

Dry land

Irrigated Land

Alfalfa

1.8

2.1

Brome/Alfalfa

1.7

2.3

Other Tame Hay

1.3

N/A

Wild Hay

1.1

N/A

Greenfeed

2.1

N/A


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 8 - Hudson Bay, Tisdale, Melfort, Carrot River, Humboldt, Kinistino, Cudworth and Aberdeen areas; Crop District 9AE - Prince Albert, Choiceland and Paddockwood areas)

Some heat is needed to advance maturity of the crops. Less rain during the last two weeks has allowed for field conditions to dry and relieve some moisture stress of crops. However, excess moisture earlier on in the season has resulted in many large drowned out areas in fields, particularly in Crop districts 8B and 9AE. Early seeded crops have started to turn. Most crops are in the podding and filling stages of development with some later seeded crops finishing flowering. Producers have indicated harvest is 10 days to two weeks behind normal. Hay yields range from 1.5 to 2 ton/acre on dryland brome/alfalfa stands. Rainfall in the region ranged from nil to 10 mm (Tisdale area).

Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as two per cent surplus, 96 per cent adequate and two per cent short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is reported as 93 per cent adequate and seven per cent short. 

Very little crop damage was reported this week. Reported crop damage is attributed to bertha armyworm and fusarium. Producers are busy finishing up haying and getting ready for harvest.    

Estimated Northeast Hay Yields (tons/acre) -August 12, 2013

 

Dry land

Irrigated Land

Alfalfa

1.7

N/A

Brome/Alfalfa

1.7

N/A

Other Tame Hay

1.7

N/A

Wild Hay

1.2

N/A

Greenfeed

2

N/A


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 9AW - Shellbrook, North Battleford, Big River and Hafford areas; Crop District 9B - Meadow Lake, Turtleford, Pierceland, Maidstone and Lloydminster areas)

Most producers are indicating harvest operations are about two weeks behind normal for this time of year. The region received rain in areas that will relieve some dry soil conditions and pastures.  Other areas have not received significant rain over the past few weeks so crops are showing signs of stress. Some warm weather would be appreciated to help advance the crop. There are predictions that some pea crops may be desiccated early next week in a few areas. There are reports of cereal crops starting to turn in some areas. Precipitation ranged from nil to 32 mm (Lloydminster area).   

Hay yields in the region range from one to 3.5 ton/acre on dryland brome/alfalfa stands. Livestock producers are busy trying to finish up haying. Greenfeed crops are being cut.

Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as one per cent surplus, 62 per cent adequate, 33 per cent short and four per cent very short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is reported as one per cent surplus, 61 per cent adequate, 34 per cent short and four per cent very short. Crop district 9AW is reporting 51 per cent short on crop land topsoil moisture.

Some crops were damaged this week by insects and dry conditions. Grasshoppers have reached economic thresholds in some cases and control is being warranted. Lygus bugs are showing up in canola as well.

Producers are busy finishing up haying and getting ready for harvest.

Estimated Northwest Hay Yields (tons/acre) - August 12, 2013

 

Dry land

Irrigated Land

Alfalfa

1.8

N/A

Brome/Alfalfa

1.8

N/A

Other Tame Hay

1.3

N/A

Wild Hay

1.1

N/A

Greenfeed

2.3

N/A

 

Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



© 2017 Government of Saskatchewan. All rights reserved.