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    Saturday, December 03, 2016

Warm weather with very little rain interruptions over the past week has helped speed crop development.  Harvest operations have begun in many areas of the province. Less than one per cent of the 2013 provincial crop has been combined, while four per cent has been swathed or is ready to

One year ago
Eleven per cent of the 2012 crop had been combined while 18 per cent was swathed or ready to straight combine.

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Harvest Progress in SK
Percent combined
All Crops
 

Aug 19/13

<1

5 year avg.
(2008-2012)

7

Aug 20/12

11

Aug 22/11

9

Aug 16/10

2

Aug 17/09

3

Aug 24/08

9

straight combine, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's Weekly Crop Report.  The five year average (2008-2012) for this time of year is seven per cent combined and nine per cent swathed or ready to straight cut.

Across the province, five per cent of the peas and winter wheat and two per cent of the lentils have been combined.  Five per cent of the canola has been swathed.  Swathing of canola has started in the southern regions of the province and is expected to start in the northeast and northwest regions within the week.  Desiccation of pulses has just started in the northeast and northwest regions.  Warm temperatures will be needed into the harvest season to get the majority of the crop in the bin in good condition.

Rain recorded in the province last week ranged from nil to 88 mm.  Grasshoppers and bertha armyworms caused some crop damage.  Crop reporters are indicating there are areas in the east-central and northeast regions where bertha armyworm populations are very high.

Across the province, topsoil moisture on crop land is rated as three per cent surplus, 74 per cent adequate, 21 per cent short and two per cent very short.  Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 69 per cent adequate, 26 per cent short and four per cent very short.

Farmers are busy with harvest operations.

 

Saskatchewan Crop Insurance Reminder
The deadline to select winterkill coverage for fall rye and winter wheat is August 25.


Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 1 - Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas; Crop District 2 - Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas; Crop District 3ASE - Radville and Lake Alma areas)

Harvest has just started in the region. The warm weather over the past several days has helped speed crop development. Two per cent of peas and winter wheat have been combined. Five per cent of peas and three per cent of winter wheat has been swathed or is ready to straight cut. Eight per cent of canola has been swathed. Pulses are being desiccated as well. Most crop reporters are indicating crops are 10 days to two weeks behind normal in development for this time of year. The majority of the region recorded very little rain, with the exception of a small area around Ceylon which reported 88 mm within about an hour on August 14.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 10 per cent surplus, 83 per cent adequate and seven per cent short. Hay land and pasture moisture is rated as five per cent surplus, 86 per cent adequate, eight per cent short and one per cent very short. 

The majority of crop damage is due to insects and disease. Grasshoppers are causing the majority of insect damage. There are a few reports of higher, but localized bertha armyworm populations.  

Producers are busy swathing and getting equipment ready for harvest.             


Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 3ASW - Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN - Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas; Crop District 3B - Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas; Crop District 4 - Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas)

Harvest operations have just started in the region with two per cent of the crop combined and nine per cent swathed or ready to straight cut. Eleven per cent of peas, four per cent of lentils, nine per cent of winter wheat, three per cent of oats and two per cent of barley have been combined. Twenty-six per cent of canola and six per cent of mustard has been swathed. Two per cent of spring wheat is ready to straight cut.  These areas have not received significant amounts of rain over the past few weeks so crops are coming into maturity a little more quickly when compared to the rest of the province. Some crop reporters are indicating soil conditions are very dry and some rain would be good to help fill some of the later crops. Most areas in the south indicating crops are 10 days to two weeks behind normal in crop development compared to the last couple of years. Warm weather into the harvest season is needed to get the crop in good condition.  

Most areas in the region received little rain this past week, with the exception of a small area around Bengough which reported 73 mm on August 14.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 77 per cent adequate, 19 per cent short and two per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 73 per cent adequate, 26 per cent short and one per cent very short. Crop district 4B is reporting 66 per cent short of topsoil moisture on cropland.  

Grasshoppers are causing the majority of crop damage. Farmers are busy with harvest operations.


East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop District 5 - Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A - Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas)

Warm temperatures over the past several days has allowed producers to start harvest operations. One per cent of field peas have been combined. Twenty-eight per cent of the winter wheat, 13 per cent of the field peas and two per cent of the lentils, canola and mustard have been swathed or are ready to straight combine. Many producers are indicating crops are about two weeks behind normal in development compared to the last couple of years. Most areas in the region reported no rain during the past week.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 75 per cent adequate, 24 per cent short and one per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 62 per cent adequate, 35 per cent short and three per cent very short. 

The majority of crop damage this week is due to disease and insects. Bertha armyworms and grasshoppers are causing some crop damage. Some producers are finding high populations of bertha armyworms warranting control, particularly in Crop district 5B. Crop reporters are indicating bertha armyworm thresholds vary greatly within a small area. Farmers are busy with harvest operations and getting equipment ready.


West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B - Hanley, Outlook, Loreburn, Saskatoon and Arelee areas; Crop District 7 - Rosetown, Kindersley, Eston, Major, Kerrobert, Macklin, Wilkie and Biggar areas)

Warm weather has helped with crop maturity over the past several days. One per cent of peas have been combined in the region. Seven per cent of canola, three per cent of mustard, 12 per cent of peas and nine per cent of lentils have been swathed or are ready to straight cut. Very little rain was recorded for the week ranging from nil to 7 mm (Perdue area). Most of the region has been missing the moisture that other areas have received over the past few weeks and soil conditions were very dry in some areas. Most crop reporters are indicating harvest operations are 10 days to two weeks behind normal compared to the last couple of years.

Topsoil moisture conditions are rated as one per cent surplus, 53 per cent adequate, 39 per cent short and seven per cent very short on cropland. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as one per cent surplus, 44 per cent adequate, 42 per cent short and 13 per cent very short. All crop districts in the region are reporting at least one third of the crop and hay land is short of topsoil moisture.

Very little crop damage was reported in the region. Dry conditions and bertha armyworms are causing the majority of crop stress. Producers are busy getting ready for harvest.


Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 8 - Hudson Bay, Tisdale, Melfort, Carrot River, Humboldt, Kinistino, Cudworth and Aberdeen areas; Crop District 9AE - Prince Albert, Choiceland and Paddockwood areas)

Warm weather into the harvest season is needed to get the majority of the crop in good condition.  Early seeded crops are started to turn. Producers have indicated harvest is 10 days to two weeks behind normal. Desiccating of pulses has started. Crop reporters are indicating swathing will be fairly general next week. Rainfall in the region ranged from nil to 12 mm (Garrick area). Hail was reported in the Garrick area as well.

Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as one per cent surplus, 85 per cent adequate, 13 per cent short and one per cent very short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is reported as three per cent surplus, 80 per cent adequate and 17 per cent short. 

Bertha armyworms are causing the majority of crop damage, particularly in Crop District 8A. Some localized areas have reached economic thresholds and producers are applying crop protection products. Producers are busy getting ready for harvest.    


Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 9AW - Shellbrook, North Battleford, Big River and Hafford areas; Crop District 9B - Meadow Lake, Turtleford, Pierceland, Maidstone and Lloydminster areas)

Desiccation of pulses has started and swathing of canola is expected to start next week. Most producers are indicating harvest operations are about two weeks behind normal for this time of year. Most areas received some much needed moisture over the past week. Other areas are indicating soil conditions are very dry and at least half an inch of rain would help fill the crop. Rain has been reported for the region ranging from nil to 25 mm (Frenchman Butte area). Warm weather will be needed well into September to get the majority of the crop off the field in good condition.

Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as two per cent surplus, 66 per cent adequate, 27 per cent short and five per cent very short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is reported as one per cent surplus, 63 per cent adequate, 30 per cent short and six per cent very short. Crop District 9AW is reporting 35 and 44 per cent short on crop land and hay land topsoil moisture, respectively.

The majority of crop damage this week is attributed to insects and dry conditions. Grasshoppers have reached economic thresholds in some cases and control is being warranted. Lygus bugs are showing up in canola as well.

Producers are busy getting ready for harvest.  

*Correction for last week's Crop Report (August 15, 2013). Hay yield for provincial irrigated tame hay was incorrect. Hay yield was not available for this crop.

Related Links

Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.



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