Crop Report 2013
For the Period September 3 to 9, 2013
Significant harvest progress was made this week, allowing Saskatchewan farmers to move ahead of the five-year harvest average. Thirty per cent of the 2013 provincial crop is combined and 36 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly Crop Report. The five-year average (2008-2012) for this time of year is 28 per cent combined and 31 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut.
Harvest is most advanced in the southwestern region, where 46 per cent of the crop is combined. Twenty-eight per cent is combined in the southeast; 23 per cent in the east-central region; 38 per cent in the west-central region; 15 per cent in the northeast and 16 per cent in the northwest. Warm weather over the past few weeks has helped speed crop development.
Of the crop that has been harvested, above-average yields are being reported in most areas. Spring wheat average yields are reported as 43 bu/ac, barley 66 bu/ac, canola 35 bu/ac, lentils 1600 lb./ac and peas 42 bu/ac. Average yields vary from region to region, depending on seeding conditions and growing season moisture.
Thunderstorms later in the week dropped over 60 mm of rain in some parts of the south. Province-wide, the week's rainfall ranged from nil to 86 mm. Grasshoppers, wind and heavy rains caused the majority of the reported crop damage.
Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as three per cent surplus, 59 per cent adequate, 30 per cent short and eight per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as one per cent surplus, 54 per cent adequate, 35 per cent short and 10 per cent very short. Some areas in the western and central regions are very dry, affecting pasture productivity.
Farmers are busy desiccating, swathing and combining.
Southeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 1 - Carnduff, Estevan, Redvers, Moosomin and Kipling areas; Crop District 2 - Weyburn, Milestone, Moose Jaw, Regina and Qu'Appelle areas; Crop District 3ASE - Radville and Lake Alma areas)
Twenty-eight per cent of the 2013 crop is combined and 32 per cent swathed or ready to straight-cut. The warm weather over the past several weeks has helped speed crop development. In Crop District 3ASE, 42 per cent of the crop is combined; in 2A, 39 per cent is combined and in 1A, 1B and 2B, 24 per cent is combined. Above-average crop yields with good quality is being reported in the majority of the region.
Rain showers later in the week delayed harvest, with recorded rainfall ranging from nil to 86 mm (Carnduff area). Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as nine per cent surplus, 72 per cent adequate, 16 per cent short and three per cent very short. Hay land and pasture moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 68 per cent adequate, 21 per cent short and nine per cent very short. The rain received over the past week has helped alleviate dry conditions on pasture for the time being, as well as provided some moisture to those planning to seed fall crops.
Very little crop damage was reported this past week. Grasshoppers are causing some minor damage on crops coming into maturity. Many crop reporters have commented that grasshopper populations are very high this fall. Flea beetles are starting to show up in some areas. Producers are busy harvesting and seeding fall crops.
Southwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 3ASW - Coronach, Assiniboia and Ogema areas; Crop District 3AN - Gravelbourg, Mossbank, Mortlach and Central Butte areas; Crop District 3B - Kyle, Swift Current , Shaunavon and Ponteix areas; Crop District 4 - Consul, Maple Creek and Leader areas)
The region leads the province in harvest progress. Forty-six per cent of the 2013 crop is in the bin and an additional 21 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Four per cent of the flax is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Crop District 4B has 75 per cent of the crop combined; 3BN has 52 per cent, 4A has 44 per cent, 3BS has 38 per cent, 3AN has 35 per cent and 3ASW has 32 per cent of the crop combined. Most crop reporters are estimating yields to be well above average this year.
Thunderstorms rolled through the region late in the week, delaying harvest. Most areas recorded rain, ranging from trace to 62 mm (Fife Lake). Crop reporters have indicated some areas received close to 125 mm of rain over the weekend.
Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as three per cent surplus, 76 per cent adequate and 21 per cent short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 69 per cent adequate, 29 per cent short and two per cent very short. The majority of Crop District 3BN missed the rain and 44 per and 49 per cent of cropland and hay land, respectively, is short of topsoil moisture. In those areas where it fell, the rain was welcomed as it helped alleviate dry pastures conditions and provided some topsoil moisture for those planning to seed winter cereals. Crop lodging and localized flooding has occurred in areas that received the large downpours.
Crop reporters are indicating a high grasshopper population, but damage is minimal on the crops. There are some reports of ergot in durum samples. Bleaching of swathed cereals is predicted in areas with high rainfall. Some producers are seeding winter wheat. Farmers are busy with harvest operations.
East-Central Saskatchewan (Crop District 5 - Melville, Yorkton, Cupar, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Preeceville and Kelvington areas; Crop District 6A - Lumsden, Craik, Watrous and Clavet areas)
The region made significant harvest progress over last week, and producers now have 23 per cent of the crop combined. Twenty-one per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Most areas received no rain over the week, so harvest operations were steady. Crop District 5A has 21 per cent combined; 5B has 15 per cent and 6A has 31 per cent combined. Crop reporters are indicating the majority of the crop has advanced far enough to avoid any significant damage from frost. Rainfall in the region ranged from nil to 10 mm (Quill Lake area). Crop reporters are indicating crop yields are above average, and crop quality is good.
Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 47 per cent adequate, 44 per cent short and nine per cent very short. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 38 per cent adequate, 51 per cent short and eleven per cent very short. Crop District 6A is reporting 17 and 21 per cent of crop land and hay land and pasture, respectively, are very short of topsoil moisture. Some areas could use a rain to alleviate moisture stress on pastures and to replenish topsoil moisture for seeding winter cereals.
Very little crop damage was reported in the region this week. Farmers are busy harvesting and hauling bales.
West-Central Saskatchewan (Crop Districts 6B - Hanley, Outlook, Loreburn, Saskatoon and Arelee areas; Crop District 7 - Rosetown, Kindersley, Eston, Major, Kerrobert, Macklin, Wilkie and Biggar areas)
Thirty-eight per cent of the 2013 crop is combined and 38 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Most areas recorded no rain during the week, allowing combines to keep moving in the field. Rainfall in the region ranged from nil to 8 mm (Craik area). Crop districts 6B and 7A have 41 per cent combined and Crop District 7B has 32 per cent combined. Crop reporters are indicating yields are well above average in most areas of the region.
Topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 31 per cent adequate, 46 per cent short and 23 per cent very short on cropland. Hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 21 per cent adequate, 44 per cent short and 34 per cent very short. All crop districts in the region are reporting over half of the cropland and hay land is short of topsoil moisture. Crop District 6B is reporting 44 and 50 per cent of cropland and hay land and pasture, respectively, are very short of topsoil moisture. Soil conditions are very dry in the region, as most areas have not had a significant amount of rain for a month or more. Dry conditions have resulted in a few grass, stubble or combine fires.
Grasshopper populations are high, but very little damage was reported as most crops are into the maturity stages. Dry conditions are causing the majority of crop stress. High winds in crop districts 7A and 7B caused some canola swaths to blow around. Producers are busy harvesting and hauling hay.
Northeastern Saskatchewan (Crop District 8 - Hudson Bay, Tisdale, Melfort, Carrot River, Humboldt, Kinistino, Cudworth and Aberdeen areas; Crop District 9AE - Prince Albert, Choiceland and Paddockwood areas)
Fifteen per cent of the crop is in the bin and 44 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. As a result, combines will be in full swing in the next few days if the weather cooperates. Very little rain was reported in the region, ranging from nil to 10 mm (Porcupine Plain area). Crop District 8A has 18 per cent of the crop combined, 8B 14 per cent and 9AE seven per cent. Average to above-average yields are being reported in the region, depending on the amount of excess spring and growing season moisture.
Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as one per cent surplus, 72 per cent adequate, 24 per cent short and three per cent very short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is reported three per cent short, 66 per cent adequate, 29 per cent short and two per cent very short.
Very little crop damage was reported in the region. Producers are busy harvesting. There are a few reports of winter cereals being seeded on land that was too wet to seed this spring.
Northwestern Saskatchewan (Crop District 9AW - Shellbrook, North Battleford, Big River and Hafford areas; Crop District 9B - Meadow Lake, Turtleford, Pierceland, Maidstone and Lloydminster areas)
Sixteen per cent of the crop is in the bin, and 44 per cent is swathed or ready to straight-cut. Combines will be rolling in the field in the next few days, if the nice harvest weather continues. Most areas received no rain during the past week. Harvest is furthest advanced in Crop District 9AW, where 20 per cent of the crop has been combined. Crop District 9B has 13 per cent combined. Average to above-average yields are being reported.
Topsoil moisture on cropland is rated as 56 per cent adequate, 31 per cent short and 13 per cent very short. Topsoil moisture on hay land and pasture is reported as 46 per cent adequate, 40 per cent short and 14 per cent very short. Pasture conditions in some areas are very dry. There are a couple reports of cattle being moved home due to dry conditions and inadequate pasture growth.
Very little crop damage was reported in the region. Producers are busy harvesting and hauling bales.
* Crop yield predictions at this point in time. Please keep in mind these are regional averages, and yields can vary greatly across an area.
Saskatchewan Harvest Progress September 9, 2013
Short-term and long-term weather forecasts including P.O.P and precip accumulation; almanac data including sunrise/sunset times; and daily planning forecasts including drying index, growing degree days and crop heat units.