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       Sunday, October 22, 2017

One Year Ago
Crops were generally in good to excellent condition (over 75 %) and were at a normal stage of development (over 90 %).
Seventy-three per cent of the crop land was rated as having adequate topsoil moisture, as was 70 per cent of the hay and pasture land.
A number of areas experienced hail storms.
Twenty per cent of the hay crop had been baled or silaged. First yield estimate - 1.5 tons per acre.

Warm, dry weather over the past week helped producers make good progress with haying, according to Saskatchewan Agriculture's weekly crop report.

Twenty-six per cent of the first cut of hay has been cut, baled or silaged during the past week, compared to six per cent the previous week. The first estimate of the 2008 hay yield indicates dryland/brome alfalfa will average approximately two tonnes per hectare (0.9 tons per acre) across the province. This is 10 per cent below the 10-year average.

On a provincial basis, spring cereals averaged 32 per cent in the jointed stage, 43 per cent in the shotblade stage, and 14 per cent in the headed stage. Flax crops are 22 per cent in the seedling stage, 67 per cent in the stem extension stage, and       nine per cent in the flowering stage.  Canola and mustard crops are nine per cent at the seedling stage, 45 per cent in the rosette stage, and 45 per cent at the flowering stage. Pulse crops are 40 per cent in the vegetative stage, 56 per cent in the flowering stage, and four per cent in the pod stage. Fall cereals are nine per cent in the shotblade stage, 73 per cent in the heading stage, and 17 per cent in the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions have deteriorated from last week. While drying occurred in the few areas of surplus moisture, regions of short to very short topsoil moisture also increased. Forty-seven per cent of crop land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture and 36 per cent of hay and pasture land is rated as having adequate topsoil moisture. 

Heat and lack of rainfall was the major source of crop damage during the past week. Other sources of damage included hail, disease, grasshoppers, diamondback moths, aphids, weevil and gophers.

For further information contact:

Wayne Thompson
Agricultural Economist
Policy Branch
Ministry of Agriculture
Telephone:  306-787-6806

 

Saskatchewan Crop Insurance

The deadline to meet and maintain minimum summerfallow requirements, including for green manure crops in the brown and dark brown soil zones, is July 11. Green manure crops in the black and grey soil zones have until July 25 to meet and maintain requirements.

Under Crop Insurance's Organic Reseeding Benefit, July 15 is the deadline to reseed crops. For more information, visit http://www.saskcropinsurance.com/or contact Crop Insurance toll-free at 1-888-935-0000.


South eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 1, 2, & 3ase)

The south eastern region was generally warm and dry during the past week, with some localized rains. Crop Districts (CD) 1a, 1b and 3ase did not report any rain this past week.  In CD 2a rainfall was reported to be a total of 2 mm in Rural Municipality (RM) 69.  CD 2b had a total of one-half a millimeter in RM 129. Damage from a lack of moisture was reported in CDs 1a, 2 and 3ase. Crop damage from heat was reported in CD 1a, 2 and 3ase. The heat helped the advance of crop development but is also anticipated to reduce yields.

Spring cereal development in the southeast is nine % at the heading stage, just slightly behind the west central region of the province. Flax crops are 13 % at the flowering stage. Canola and mustard crops are 51 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Pulse crops are 67 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Fall cereal crops are 23 % at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on crop, hay and pasture land saw a significant decline. The adequate category decreased from 91 % in the previous week to 42 % and the short category increased from nine % to 45 % on crop land with 13 % being very short this past week.

After heat stress, the lack of moisture is the most commonly mentioned source of crop damage in the southeast during the past week. Diamondback moths have been reported in     CD 2b and 3ase along with aphids in CD 2.  The disease tanspot has shown up in fields in CD 2 and ascochyta blight has been found in RM 39 of CD 3ase.  Haying operations made some progress in the southeast with eight per cent baled or silaged, and a further 16 % lying in the swath. Quality is generally expected to be good. Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 1.0 tons per acre.


South western Saskatchewan
(CDs 3asw, 3an, 3b, & 4)

The past week was warm and dry in the southwest, but has not caused extensive crop damage over the past week. An average of 5 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from less than one mm of rain reported in CD 3asw to a high of 36 mm reported in RM 167 of CD 3bn. Damage from a lack of moisture was reported in CD 3asw, 3an, 3bs and the 4b region. Hail damage was reported in CD 3asw, 3bs and 3bn. There was some wind damage reported in CD 3asw, 3b and 4a.

Spring cereal development in the southwest is eight % at the heading stage. Flax crops are 15 % at the flowering stage, on average the furthest advanced in the province. Canola and mustard crops are 70 % at or beyond the flowering stage, on average the furthest advanced of the province. Pulse crops are 73 % at or beyond the flowering stage, on average the furthest advanced in the province. Fall cereal crops are 27 % at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated this past week. Fifty-four per cent of reporters rated conditions as adequate this week, compared with 84 % last week. The balance (46 %) rate topsoil moisture conditions as short or very short. Conditions were also drier on hay and pasture land with 44 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared to 60 % last week.

There was not any damage due to diseases reported for the past week. Grasshopper damage was reported around in RM 228 around Tyner. Damage from gophers was reported across the region.

Haying operations are well underway in the southwest with 10 % of the crop baled or put into silage, and a further 20 % lying in the swath. Quality is generally expected to be good. Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 0.94 tons per acre.


East central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 5 & 6a)

The east central region saw a mix of warm and dry weather along with spotty rains during the week. An average of 2 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from a trace in several rural municipalities to a high of 22 mm in RM 341. Wind damage was reported in CD 6a. Damage due to dryness was reported across CD 6a.  Some hail was reported in CD 5b near Kamsack.

In the east central region spring cereal development is 11 % at the heading stage, the most advanced for the province. Flax crops are 5 % at the flowering stage. Canola and mustard crops are 34 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Pulse crops are 52 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Fall cereal crops are 5 % at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland declined, with 61 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared with 86 % last week.  Conditions were also drier on hay and pasture land with 48 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared to 76 % last week.

Wheat midge damage was reported in CD 5a and grasshoppers in CD 6a. Some reports of aphids and alfalfa weevils were made. Diseases reported included tan spot.

Haying operations are going well, with 3 % baled or silaged, and a further 13 % cut. Quality is expected to be good. Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 0.98 tons per acre.


West central Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 6b & 7)

The west central region was generally warm this past week, with very little rain. An average of 1.5 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from a low of zero mm in CD 7a, to a high of 11 mm reported in CD 6b.  Hail was reported in 6b and 7b.  Damage due to a lack of moisture was reported in all three CDs.

Spring cereal development in the west central region is 11 % at the heading stage, on par with the east central region of the province. Flax crops are 2 % at the flowering stage. Canola and mustard crops are 46 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Pulse crops are 51 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Fall cereal crops are 41 % at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland deteriorated, with 29 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared with 48 % last week. Seventy-one per cent of reporters rate crop land topsoil moisture as short or very short. Conditions are similar on hay and pasture land with 20 % rating topsoil moisture as adequate. Reporters are looking for rain to maintain crop conditions.

Grasshopper damage to crops in the region was reported in CD 7a. The disease tan spot was reported as damaging crops in CD 6b.

Cutting and baling of the 2008 hay crop is well underway with 11 % baled or silaged, and a further 25 % cut. Quality is generally expected to be fair to good. Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 0.65 tons per acre, the lowest average yield in the province.


North eastern Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 8 & 9ae)

The north eastern region had a warm week with some small showers. An average of  2.2 mm of precipitation was reported during the past week, ranging from a low of zero mm reported, to an average high of   8 mm reported in CD 8a. Some damage due to the lack of moisture was reported in CD 8a and 8b.

Spring cereal development in the northeast is 31 % at the heading stage. Flax crops are 8 % at the flowering stage. Canola and mustard crops are 50 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Pulse crops are 46 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Fall cereal crops are 3 % at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland fell slightly this past week, with 44 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared with 50 % last week. Conditions remained almost the same on hay and pasture land with 21 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared to 22 % last week.

Crop damage by insects was dominated by wheat midge, flea beetles and grasshoppers.  There was one report of leaf disease in RM 395 of CD 8a this past week.

Good haying progress was made with 9 % of the 2008 crop baled or silaged, and a further 17 % lying in the swath. Quality generally ranges from fair to excellent. Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 0.72 tons per acre.


North western Saskatchewan
(Crop Districts 9aw & 9b)

The north western region was generally warm during the past week, with CD 9b receiving the most rain in the province this past week. An average of 8 mm of precipitation was reported, ranging from an average low of 1.4 mm reported in CD 9aw, to an average high of 11.7 mm reported in CD 9b. Wind damage was reported in 9b. Damage due to a lack of moisture was also reported in both CDs.

Spring cereal development in the northwest is 29 % at the heading stage. Flax crops are 5 % at the flowering stage. Canola and mustard crops are 57 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Pulse crops are 44 % at or beyond the flowering stage. Fall cereal crops are 8 % at the dough stage.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland improved from last week, with 40 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate and 46 % as short, down from 56 % reporting short conditions last week. Conditions dropped slightly on hay and pasture land with 23 % of reporters rating topsoil moisture as adequate, compared to 27 % last week. The area in short and very short moisture conditions increased from 73 % to 76 %.

Flea beetles and grasshoppers were reported as the source of crop damage. There were not any crop diseases reported this past week.

Haying operations are well underway with 7 % of the crop baled or silaged and 16 % lying in the swath. Quality is expected to be fair to excellent. Reporters estimate that dry land brome/alfalfa will yield 0.82 tons per acre.


Saskatchewan Crop Development  (per cent at each stage)

Cereals

emerge

tillering

jointed

shot blade

heading

soft dough

July 6/08

 

 

 

 

 

 

-southeast

0.4

13.7

29.2

47.6

9.1

0.0

-southwest

0.4

10.4

40.3

40.7

8.2

0.0

-east central

0.1

14.0

28.2

46.3

11.4

0.0

-west central

0.4

8.7

37.8

41.8

11.0

0.3

-northeast

0.0

4.6

17.9

46.2

31.3

0.0

-northwest

2.0

7.6

27.6

34.2

28.6

0.0

 

Flax

pre-emerge

emerge

vegetative

stem ext

flowering

July 6/08

 

 

 

 

 

-southeast

0.4

1.3

23.5

62.1

12.7

-southwest

0.0

0.0

18.2

66.8

15.0

-east central

0.0

2.6

20.7

71.8

4.9

-west central

0.0

0.0

23.0

75.0

2.0

-northeast

0.0

0.0

5.3

86.3

8.4

-northwest

0.0

9.1

41.8

44.5

4.6

 

Canola and Mustard

emerge

seedling

rosette

flowering

podding

July 6/08

 

 

 

 

 

-southeast

1.6

10.6

44.0

41.9

1.9

-southwest

0.2

0.3

29.2

68.4

1.9

-east central

0.1

11.6

53.8

34.4

0.1

-west central

0.0

11.0

42.0

46.0

0.0

-northeast

0.0

7.0

42.6

50.4

0.0

-northwest

1.1

5.9

35.5

57.5

0.0

 

Pulse crops

emerge

vegetative

Flowering

Podding

July 6/08

 

 

 

 

-southeast

1.6

43.0

53.6

1.8

-southwest

0.2

26.4

64.4

9.0

-east central

0.0

48.0

50.8

1.2

-west central

0.0

49.0

51.0

0.0

-northeast

0.0

54.2

45.3

0.5

-northwest

0.7

55.0

43.6

0.7

 

Fall crops

shot blade

Heading

Dough

Ripe

July 6/08

 

 

 

 

-southeast

16.4

68.3

15.3

0.0

-southwest

0.5

5.2

67.0

27.3

-east central

13.1

81.3

5.6

0.0

-west central

7.0

51.0

41.0

1.0

-northeast

12.5

84.4

3.1

0.0

-northwest

3.1

89.1

7.8

0.0

 


 


Related Documents
CR20080706#14.pdf  ( 341.9 KB )


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