Government of Saskatchewan
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     Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Saskatchewan continues to be a leader in cereal crop production across the country. Saskatchewan produces both spring and winter wheat and supplies 10 per cent of the world's total exported wheat, and is Canada's most important grain-producing region.

Blackpoint and smudge are kernel discolourations of wheat or other cereals caused by numerous species of fungi and bacteria.

The CPS class has two sub-classes based on red and white kernel colour: Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR); and Canada Prairie Spring White (CPSW).

Common root rot, seedling blight and prematurity blight of cereals are caused by the same species of soil-inhibiting fungi (Cochliobolus sativus and Fusarium spp.).

Ergot is a plant disease caused by the fungus Claviceps purpurea, which infects the developing grains of cereals and grasses.

Fusarium head blight (FHB), also known as scab, is a fungal disease of small grain cereals that has become of increasing international importance in recent years. 

The importance of seed-borne diseases in cereals.

Khorasan wheat (Triticum turgidum, ssp. turanicum) is an ancient wheat variety that originated in the Fertile Crescent in Western Asia.

Fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis causes tan spot on leaves and can also infect wheat kernels causing red or pink smudge and black point.

Low grain protein causes serious economic losses to producers.

Sooty moulds often show up as grey patches in the field.

Producers who intend to grow winter wheat should consider the undertaking as part of the whole farm operation and not in isolation. 

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